‘The Allied triumph included the dissolution of the Nipponese puppet-state of Manchukuo.’
WE celebrate the 75th Victory Over Japan Day, marking the day of Gyokuon-hōsō whereby Shōwa-tennō recorded his Daitōa-sensō-shūketsu-no-shōsho: “The war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan’s advantage.” This Jewel Voice Broadcast of Hitler’s counterpart in the Orient meant that Hirohito and his minions were basically accepting the Potsdam Ultimatum. This emperor’s surrender speech of 15 August 1945 was preceded by Kyūjō Jiken whereby Major Kenji Hatanaka and his cohorts (along with the Second Regiment of the First Imperial Guards) briefly took control of the Imperial Palace in a failed attempt to incite a coup d’état in Tokyo and frustrate the Voice of the Crane, hence, supposedly protecting the Kokutai.
The Allied triumph included the dissolution of the Nipponese puppet-state of Manchukuo.
“On August 9, the Soviet Red Army launched a powerful attack on Manchuria, and within six days, the crack Japanese Kwantung Army was entirely routed. This fundamental victory of the Soviet Army decided the fate of the Japanese fascists and the Soviet Union had actually liberated the peoples subjected to Japanese oppression.” [The August Revolution By Truong Chinh] Thus, we salute the victorious Far East Command and Marshal of the Soviet Union Alexsandr Mikailovich Vasilevsky on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the soren tai nichi sansen.
We congratulate our Indonesian siblings on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia: “We The People Of Indonesia Hereby Declare The Independence Of Indonesia. Matters Which Concern The Transfer Of Power E.T.C. Will Be Executed By Careful Means And In The Shortest Possible Time.” Djakarta, 17 August 1945.
From Pegangsaan Timur 56, Sukarno’s Proclamation of Indonesian Independence reverberated to Bandung, Jogjakarta, and the rest of Nusantara. Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta were appointed president and vice-president, respectively, the next day, and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia was approved: “Whereas independence is the inalienable right of all nations, therefore, all colonialism must be abolished in this world as it is not in conformity with humanity and justice.” Thus, adding mightily to decolonization in Asia. Among the celebrations this pandemic year of 2020: Personnel of the Infantry Battalion (Yonif) 133 / YS border security task force and local residents raised a giant Indonesian flag. [https://en.antaranews.com/news/154386/giant-white-and-red-flag-hoisted-in-indonesia-malaysia-border-area]
We toast the Vietnamese (our co-members in the single Asean Community) on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of Tông Khôi nghĩa tháng Tám, which liberated the capital city of Hanoi. Initiated by Viêt Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, the August General Uprising against French colonial rule in Indochina freed many of the villages and cities across north and central Vietnam. One account of this August Revolution:
“At 9 a.m. on 16 August 1945, news of the final defeat of Japanese imperialism was announced throughout the countries of Indochina. The following day, the Japanese general staff announced that it was handing over civil administration to the indigenous peoples… On 19 August, the workers of the Ban Co district of Saigon were the first to move into action and set up the first popular committee in the south. Some went out into the streets with army rifles they had stolen from the Japanese and hidden away for months… They paraded in military formation, singing the revolutionary anthem, then shouting with a voice that pierced the sky: ‘Rather death than slavery! Defend the people’s power!’ On the morning of 20 August, throughout the Saigon-Cholon region, hundreds of Vanguard Youth Committees declared before their flag their willingness to die for freedom. Phu Nhuan district, the largest working class district in the city, elected its popular committee, proclaimed the complete abolition of the former regime, and proclaimed that from then on, 10 a.m. on 20 August 1945, only this Committee would be considered the legal power in the district.” [Lu Sanh Hanh, “Quelques etapes de la revolution au Nam-Bo du Vietnam,” Quatrième International, September-October 1947]
It was a long road to freedom. “During the 80 years under the French and the Japanese yokes, our people fought most heroically in various movements: the Van Than, Phan Dinh Phung, Hoang Hoa Tham, Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Boi Chau, the Yen Bai insurrection, the 1930-1931 movement with the Nghe-Tinh Soviet uprising as its climax, the insurrections of Nam Ky and Bac Son. Finally in August 1945 the revolution for national liberation came out victorious and the Vietnamese people have become again masters of their beloved fatherland. The victorious August Revolution ushered in a new era in Vietnam’s history, because it was not only a revolution for national liberation but a revolution to emancipate the people and take them to a new road, the road of modern history of mankind.” [Le Duan, On The Socialist Revolution In Vietnam, Volume 1]
We applaud the Koreans on the occasion of the 75th Gwangbokjeol (“bringing back the light”). Background of the festival: “The Potsdam Declaration included provisions of the Cairo Declaration adopted in 1943, guaranteeing the freedom of Korea from colonization.
The Korean Peninsula was finally liberated on August 15, 1945. Three years later on the same day, an independent Korean government was established.” [Cpl. Lee Kyoung-yoon (The United States Army), Korean National Liberation Day, August 14, 2017]
A testimony of the struggle more than seven decades prior: “In consequence of the victory won by the anti-fascist democratic forces in the Second World War, the aggressive army of the Japanese imperialists was routed and our people have realized their historic cause of national liberation. This great victory is associated with the precious blood shed by hundreds of thousands of the fine sons and daughters of Korea.” [Kim Il Sung, Speech Delivered to Military and Political Cadres, August 20, 1945]
The 15th of August is commemorated by the two Koreas as the anniversary of the liberation of their Peninsula from the decades-long Japanese colonial rule. In the South, President Moon Jae-in intoned recently: “Today’s celebration began by welcoming the surviving patriots who dedicated themselves to the cause of independence. Patriot Lim Wu-cheol is 101 years old… There are now only 31 surviving patriotic independence activists. I would like to ask everyone to vigorously applaud those patriots here with us: Lim Wu-cheol, Kim Yeong-gwan, Lee Yeong-su and Jang Byeong-ha… Our liberation was obtained by each and every Korean rising together as the rightful owners of a democratic republic.”
[https://english1.president.go.kr/BriefingSpeeches/Speeches/861] In the North, Kim Jong Un (chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) congratulated Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (President of the Russian Federation) last August 15, 2020.
We note that WW2 Asia ended where it began: Mukden.