ABOUT half of the Filipino population, or 54 percent, claimed to be poor, the highest since September 2014, the 2019 fourth quarter survey of the Social Weather Stations (SWS) conducted from December 13 to 16 showed.
The survey, which involved 1,200 adult respondents and had a sampling error margins of ±3 percent, indicated that 54 percent or about 31.1 million Filipino families consider themselves as poor in December, which is 12 points higher from the 42 percent or an estimated 10.3 million figures in September last year.
SWS said this is the highest self-rated poverty rate since the 55 percent recorded in September 2014.
The higher self rated poor rating was due to increases in Metro Manila (41 percent up from 25 percent), Luzon (47 percent up from 34 percent), Mindanao (64 percent up from 53 percent) and Visayas (67 percent up from 59 percent).
The survey firm likewise said that the number of self-rated food poor also went up by 6 points to 35 percent (estimated 8.6 million families) in December from 29 percent in September (7.1 million families).
The latest self-rated food poverty rating was highest in Mindanao (50 percent up from 36 percent), followed by those from Visayas (46 percent up from 42 percent), Metro Manila (27 percent up from 16 percent) and Luzon (25 percent up from 24 percent).
SWS said a family needs P12,000 a month so as not to consider themselves as poor and P5,000 a month so as not be considered as food poor.
Those in Metro Manila needs P15,000 a month so as not to consider themselves as poor, P13,000 in Luzon, and P10,000 both in Visayas and Mindanao.
To avoid being considered as food poor, those in Metro Manila needs P7,000 a month; P5,500 in Luzon; P6,000 in the Visayas; and P5,000 in Mindanao.