WASHINGTON- US homebuilding increased more than expected in November and permits for future home construction surged to a 12-1/2-year high as lower mortgage rates continue to boost the housing market and support the broader economy.
The economy’s near-term prospects were also bolstered by other data on Tuesday showing a strong rebound in manufacturing production in November as the return of formerly striking General Motors’ workers boosted automobile output. The data suggested the economy remained on a moderate growth path in the fourth quarter despite slowing consumer spending.
But the economy’s improving fortunes could prove temporary. Boeing said on Monday it would suspend production of its best-selling 737 MAX jetliner in January as fallout from two fatal crashes of the now-grounded aircraft drags into 2020.
Boeing’s biggest assembly-line halt in more than 20 years could wreak havoc on supply chains, and offset some of the lift to business confidence from easing trade tensions. The production stoppage is expected to undercut manufacturing and exports, and ultimately crimp economic growth.
“The economy never seems to be fully out of the woods,” said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at MUFG in New York.
Housing starts rose 3.2 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.365 million units last month, with single-family construction racing to a 10-month high and activity in the volatile multi-family sector increasing for a second straight month. Data for October was revised higher to show homebuilding rising to a pace of 1.323 million units, instead of advancing to a rate of 1.314 million units as previously reported.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast housing starts increasing to a pace of 1.345 million units in November.
Starts in the South, which accounts for the bulk of homebuilding activity, surged to the highest level since March 2007. But homebuilding in the Midwest tumbled, likely pulled down by unseasonably cold temperatures and snowstorms.
Overall housing starts jumped 13.6 percent on a year-on-year basis in November. Building permits increased 1.4 percent to a rate of 1.482 million units in November, the highest level since May 2007.
The dollar rose against a basket of currencies, while US Treasury prices fell. Stocks on Wall Street were mixed, with Boeing shares declining.
The housing market is regaining momentum after the Federal Reserve cut interest rates three times this year, pushing down mortgage rates from last year’s multi-year highs. A survey on Monday showed confidence among homebuilders jumped in December to the highest level since June 1999.
But scope for robust gains in the sector, which accounts for about 3.1 percent of the economy, is limited as builders complained they are “still underbuilding due to supply-side constraints like labor and land availability.”
In addition to land and labor shortages, mortgage rates have backed up in recent weeks after the Fed signaled further rate cuts were unlikely. The US central bank kept rates steady last week and indicated borrowing costs could remain unchanged at least through 2020.
The 30-year fixed mortgage rate has risen to 3.73 percent from a year-low of 3.49 percent in early September, but is still below its peak of 4.94 percent in November 2018, according to data from mortgage finance agency Freddie Mac.
Residential investment rebounded in the third quarter after contracting for six straight quarters, the longest such stretch since the 2007-2009 recession. It is expected to contribute to gross domestic product again in the fourth quarter.
In a separate report on Tuesday, the Fed said manufacturing production rose 1.1 percent last month after dropping 0.7 percent in October. Excluding motor vehicles and parts, manufacturing output increased 0.3 percent.
The rebound in manufacturing production suggests the factory downturn is probably close to running its course. Manufacturing output is still expected to contract in the fourth quarter.
“This is a welcome shift after declines in three out of the four preceding months, but not the end of the struggles for manufacturing,” said Tim Quinlan, a senior economist at Wells Fargo Securities in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Single-family homebuilding, which accounts for the largest share of the housing market, increased 2.4 percent to a rate of 938,000 units in November, the highest level since January. Single-family housing starts rose in the West and Northeast, but fell in the Midwest and the South.
Single-family housing building permits rose 0.8 percent to a rate of 918,000 units in November, the highest since July 2007.
Starts for the volatile multi-family housing segment jumped 4.9 percent to a rate of 427,000 units last month. Permits for the construction of multi-family homes rose 2.5 percent to a rate of 564,000 units.
Though housing completions dropped 6.6 percent to 1.188 million units last month, there was a surge in the number of houses under construction. Realtors estimate that housing starts and completion rates need to be in a range of 1.5 million to 1.6 million units per month to bridge the inventory gap. – Reuters