The US bank sector has been pummeled this year but investors hunting for bargains there may need deep reserves of patience as banks are particularly sensitive to low interest rates, the uneven economic recovery and the muddy stimulus outlook.
The S&P 500 Bank subsector, which kicks off its third-quarter earnings season on Oct. 13, was last down 33.7 percent for the year-to-date compared with a 5.8 percent gain for the S&P 500 index.
Banks have been such a drag on the broader S&P financial index that its 19 percent year-to-date decline is second only to energy’s 49.9 percent drop among the S&P 11 major sectors.
To be sure, if lawmakers in Washington manage to reach an agreement, a new fiscal stimulus package could help banks if it boosts US loan growth, interest rates and economic activity.
And the bank index is up 12 percent from its intraday trough on Sept. 2 to a peak on Oct. 6 as yields for longer-dated US treasuries have risen with stimulus hopes as banks profit from higher interest rates.
But investors are unconvinced that recent gains will be sustainable as the Federal Reserve has signaled plans to keep overnight rates low for the foreseeable future in order to aid an economic recovery, which is expected to take years.