January 21, 2018, 7:02 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07248 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37432 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Australian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03947 Barbados Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06307 Brazilian Real
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1 Philippine Peso = 395.1056 Belarus Ruble
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.02465 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01899 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.98717 Chilean Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Cuban Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 3.49517 Djibouti Franc
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.94356 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24754 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25256 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34873 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.537 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01614 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03952 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08955 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95481 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.50149 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14478 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06335 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15424 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4645 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2536 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98796 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.6801 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06734 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2595 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.36688 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 722.49855 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02684 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44306 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01395 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18305 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02388 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36803 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.05665 Cambodia Riel
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1 Philippine Peso = 17.76199 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.05013 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01618 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40616 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.40439 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.70989 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03631 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.51372 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24018 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06017 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01225 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1822 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33221 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99072 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.54431 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.6416 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15887 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94691 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64535 Mauritius Rupee
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.36718 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07768 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24178 Namibian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.6045 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15516 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01397 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02711 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00759 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06337 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06737 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.75588 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07183 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07523 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11021 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.49398 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07401 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15294 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26317 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13811 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15903 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02605 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43825 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.5822 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.09138 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.67793 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17269 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16341 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24082 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62838 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04813 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04392 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07512 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1331 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57902 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.22736 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56937 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.46241 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56325 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.3513 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19686 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 447.97712 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03691 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0496 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5818 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05329 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49813 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92441 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9329 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24034 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.41761 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14229 Zimbabwe dollar

VISITA IGLESIA: Bulacan’s historic churches

PHOTOS BY RHOY COBILLA

Historical, colonial era churches in Bulacan are often visited by devotees during Holy Week for the Visita Iglesia – a form of pilgrimage for meditation and penance for one’s sins.

Fr. Prospero Tenorio, rector and parish priest of the National Shrine of the Divine Mercy and secretary general of the World Apostolic Congress on Mercy-Asia, said Lent is a call that reminds Catholics of the love of God and neighbors through the cross, enlightenment of faith,sacrifice and preparation for Easter.

Lent, which begins on Ash Wednesday, commemorates the 40 days Jesus spent in the wilderness. During this period, Catholics are urged to pray, fast, give alms, repent and sacrifice.

Tenorio said Filipinos commemorate lent through pabasa, salubong, Stations of the Cross, Visita Iglesia, penitensiya, senaculo and procession. “Lent is a time for reflection on Christ’s suffering, passion, faith, reconciliation for the salvation of souls,” he said.

He urged the Catholics to “pause, pray and reflect to understand the celebration of the Paschal Mystery, to make us clean and pleasing before God, and have the desire to do God’s WILL – Walk with the Lord, Invest in the Lord (time, talents, treasures), Look to the Lord and Love as the Lord.”

People need the elements of reconciliation – remembrance, acceptance, repentance and amendment – and should not be afraid to suffer but instead be willing to bear the burden of others, Tenorio said.

“In the bible, the text ‘be not afraid’ appeared 365 times, which means it is a constant reminder from God not to be afraid,” he added.

Tenorio noted the son of God must suffer (Matthew 17:12) and Christ had to suffer and rise again (Luke 24:46). “Suffering is part of man’s life,” he said, citing the three elements of discipleship – deny oneself, take up one’s cross and follow Christ.

As part of the observance of Lent, Tenorio encouraged Catholics to do the Visita Iglesia. 

This Lenten tradition, called the Seven Churches Walk, was started by St. Phillip Neri in 1553.

“Ancient pious Roman Catholic Lenten tradition calls parishioners to visit the seven churches in Rome in the evening of Holy Thursday as penance. The seven churches were St. Peter’s Basilica, St. Paul outside Rome, St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major, St. Lawrence, Holy Cross and Sanctuary of the Divine Love,” Tenorio said.

Visita Iglesia, he said, is an occasion for Catholics to “encounter the Lord in such pilgrimage, evangelization, reconciliation, devotion and prayer, and blessing.”

“It is expected that after Visita Iglesia, all of us will be able to translate ora (prayer) into labora (action). It is now imperative to live and show the corporal Works of Mercy and the Spiritual Works of Mercy,” he added. 

In the message of His Holiness Pope Francis for Lent 2017, he said this period marks “a new beginning, a path leading to the certain goal of Easter, Christ’s victory over death. This season urgently calls us to conversion.”

“Christians are asked to return to God ‘with all their hearts,’ to refuse to settle for mediocrity and to grow in friendship with the Lord,” he said. 

Lent, he added, is the favorable season for renewing one’s encounter with Christ, living in His word, in the sacraments and in one’s neighbor. 

“I encourage all the faithful to express this spiritual renewal also by sharing in the Lenten Campaigns promoted by many Church organizations in different parts of the world, and thus to favor the culture of encounter in our one human family. Let us pray for one another so that, by sharing in the victory of Christ, we may open our doors to the weak and poor. Then we will be able to experience and share to the full the joy of Easter,” said Pope Francis.

For this year’s Visita Iglesia, here are some of the historical churches around Bulacan:

National Shrine and Parish of the Divine Mercy (Marilao).  This is home to the world’s biggest 100-foot statue of the Divine Mercy which stands atop a four storey multi-purpose building. Located in Marilao, the fourth day of the World Apostolic Congress on Mercy was held here. 

La Purisima Concepcion Parish (Sta. Maria).  This church in Sta. Maria town is dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Concepcion. It was skillfully built with its attractive cross-shaped layout. The parish house is also solid and comfortable with beautiful views and good ventilation.

St. Martin of Tours Parish (Bocaue).  The parish, located in Bocaue, is flocked by thousands of faithful during special feasts like the legendary fluvial parade of the Holy Cross of Wawa. On its 430th founding anniversary, the parish was declared as the Diocesan Shrine of the Mahal na Poon ng Krus sa Wawa in recognition of the very special devotion of the faithful on the legendary black cross that was allegedly found floating at the Wawa river on the first Sunday of July 1850. 

Parish of St. Ildephonsus (Guiguinto). This Augustinian church in Guiguinto celebrated its four hundred years last Jan. 21, 2007, dedicated by His Eminence Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales, D.D., archbishop of the Archdiocese of Manila. 

Nuestra Señora del Carmen Parish/Barasoain Church (Malolos).  The Barasoain Church in Malolos figured inthree important historical events: the convening of the First Philippine Congress, drafting of the Malolos Constitution and inauguration of the First Philippine Republic. Historical accounts showed it began as a chapel built by Augustinian missionaries in 1859 made from nipa and bamboo. In 1862, construction began to build a church made of stone 

National Shrine and Parish of Saint Anne (Hagonoy).  Commonly known as the Santa Ana Shrine or Hagonoy Church, this is an 18th century Baroque church and was declared a National Shrine in 1991. It is the only one in the Philippines where the relics of Saints Anne and Joaquim, parents of the Blessed Virgin Mary, are venerated.

St. Peter Parish Church (Apalit, Pampanga))

The historical marker at the facade of the Catholic Church of Apalit states that the Catholic community of Apalit dates from 1590 or 35 years after the Spaniards occupied Manila. While the date of the construction of the first church built in Apalit, Pampanga – the northern boundary of Bulacan – cannot be ascertained, the foundation of the present church was laid down in January 1876 and was completed in 1883.
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