May 30, 2017, 9:03 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07364 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.41007 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03564 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31981 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.027 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03589 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0401 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.6166 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03506 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00754 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.21095 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02781 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13836 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06529 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29236 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20493 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 401.44376 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04006 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02702 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01963 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.52517 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13741 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.34771 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.64428 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98697 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47778 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56126 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13403 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93884 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17475 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28187 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36094 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46049 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01801 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04182 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01561 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01565 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0872 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90034 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 181.17105 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14734 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06477 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15626 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47034 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13286 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33467 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.54381 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.31502 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07139 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29406 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.68157 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 650.67176 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99739 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.59535 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22292 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06637 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36342 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.33948 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.02567 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.04692 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.52055 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00608 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01644 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.22579 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.42751 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.1925 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06196 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8448 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25807 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06113 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01244 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02794 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19633 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36344 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.10347 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.33106 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.04492 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16094 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.17866 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6938 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.308 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.38981 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37146 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08585 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26102 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.43674 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59984 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16929 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06136 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02844 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00772 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06582 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06346 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09846 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07534 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.05735 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07301 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13242 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43433 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07519 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15815 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2679 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13354 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17503 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02781 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01561 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44528 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.39102 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.96852 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 441.47785 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1749 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.32645 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26048 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68398 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04812 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04614 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07172 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13474 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60567 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.71626 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52777 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.08743 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56748 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.19812 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20001 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 455.96552 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1526 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05162 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.80971 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05414 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.85342 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13836 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01103 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26116 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.06056 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.25687 Zimbabwe dollar

ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Understanding driving during, after earthquakes

Romer Guimba was driving his jeepney along the Talisay-Tanauan Road just past the Total Gas Station on route to the Talaga Public Elementary School to pick up his regular student passengers when the Magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck.

“Hindi ko po nahalata nung una, pero nakakatakot kasi parang nawala sa lugar ang sasakyan ko,” (I didn’t notice it at first then it got was scary, I could not seem to control my vehicle) Guimba said.

He immediately pulled over but after the next 10 seconds the earthquake was gone.

Laden with 8 passengers who panicked when the jeepney started pulling sideways made it more difficult to react. 

“Parang flat po ang sasakyan. Ang bigat pihitin ng manibela,” (The vehicle felt like it had flat tires, it was difficult maneuver),” adds Guimba.

Driving a 2016 sports utility vehicle with a jetski in tow, Jules Gamboa of Laguna was on his way to Eagle Point beach on the Balayan Bay side of Mabini town by Bagalangit—the epicenter of the 5.6 earthquake of April 4.

“The first thing I noticed was that the trailer was not centered with the car,” said Gamboa, a jet ski enthusiast.

His first instinct was to pull over. The van in front seemed to be swaying side to side. He could see the lamp posts swaying and the electric wires overhead flapping. After the brief earthquake he noticed that most of the vehicles along the Mabini National Road were stopped by the roadside, everyone obviously caught by surprise.

It was a different story of Guillermo Cabotaje, a former trailer driver on the Mabini Circumferential Road. Driving a small van ferrying tourists to one of the many dive sites around the coastal town. The truck in front was slowing down abruptly, causing him to brake urgently.

“Nakita kong sumasayaw ang mga poste ng kuryente sa kanan, kaya’t doon po ako tumigil sa kaliwa, tabing dagat, malayo sa poste,” (I saw the electric poles swaying so I stopped on the left side of the road near the coast, away from the posts) Cabotaje narrated. 

Cabotaje, 58 was a driver a vegetable farmers cooperative in Baguio. On July 16, 1990, he was at Camp 3 of Kennon Road heading from Cabanatuan when the “Big One” of that decade struck. He narrated how that eight-second earthquake seemed like 10 minutes. 

He saw portions of the road buckle. Landslides began blocking the road. But instead of pulling over, he rushed down the mountain road that was literally crumbling beneath him. He could not go back up Kennon, fearing for the safety of his family who then lived in Loakan.

He was driving a full-size six-wheel truck filled with vegetables.

“Overloaded nga po kami madalas at puno ng hangin yun gulong,” he relates, stating that looking back now it seemed the vehicle itself was dangerous to drive with a tall cargo bay and overinflated tires to carry the extra payload.

Like in the case of Guimba in the first story, his passengers, 5 Filipino and 3 foreign tourists we picked up from Manila, all panicked when he took evasive action. 

He admits the passenger panic also scared him.

Once the earthquake stopped the passengers rushed out of the van but a few minutes later when another earthquake happened. 

In a span of less than a week, an earthquake swarm of nearly 10 earthquakes of Magnitude 4 and up have hit the Calabarzon region. Three of the strongest ones happened from April 4 in Puerto Galera to Batangas last April 8 and in back to Mindoro on April 9.

Shakemaps from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) show the strongest of the quakes hit inland in Tanauan, Batangas but the most felt was a tectonic shaker of Magnitude 5.5 in the coastal resort town of Mabini, also Batangas. 

The severity of an earthquake determines how a driver reacts to it. The “panic level” changes from “I didn’t feel it” to “what the hell is going on.” And drivers like Mr. Cabojate says that once the earth is moving, fear takes over your senses.

Less control and the potential for road crashes are the first result of driving panic. But panic and surprise are also the top reasons drivers instinctively pull off the road and park the car. In the stories of the three drivers, only one, Cabajote took stock of his surroundings. The rest simply pulled over—one even above an electric post with swaying wires. 

All the drivers and their passengers stayed in the car until the ground stopped moving.  This self-imposed “all clear” call is a function of self-preservation. It was also observed that in one instance, the passengers who disembark after a “coast is clear” declaration scrambled back to the vehicle at the first sign of another tremor.

It is a good idea to stay in the vehicle while a visual assessment of the surroundings is done. It’s also a good time to recap what just happened by gathering some information. Listening to the radio and reading social media feeds or texting friends is best, instead of making a phone call. Phone calls congest the lines since voice uses up more bandwidth than data or SMS. 

Our beautiful country is filled with many infrastructure components that usually becomes unsafe or rickety after a natural disaster. Look for collapsed bridges, broken pavement, overhangs, fallen power lines, cracks in tunnels or flyovers, steep roads (which have a huge potential for liquefaction) or landslides. 

Driving after an earthquake is a more horrible experience than driving during it. 

Before starting to drive, listen to the radio for reports, use technology to get your way around. Call our on Waze for road conditions. Check Facebook or Twitter for earthquake related feeds. Assess the condition of your route, and visually confirm it. 

Take photos and share it on official social media feeds of the local government you are in or the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Transporation (DOTr) or the Land Transportation Office (LTO). 

If the roads look drivable, proceed with caution. There could be a lot of debris which could do tire or underchassis damage. 

This story was produced under the Bloomberg Initiative-Global Road Safety Media Fellowship implemented by the World Health Organization, Department of Transportation and Communications and VERA Files.
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