February 23, 2018, 6:31 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07045 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04297 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38059 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02443 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59409 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0304 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58872 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02533 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13159 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06235 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2325 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18295 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.03989 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.018 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.42605 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12152 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.88202 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.87186 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71801 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39493 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3921 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11601 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94226 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17652 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24369 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33858 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52177 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01557 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03825 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01371 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01377 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08533 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89967 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.74122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14073 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.9296 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15011 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45024 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11584 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.216 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85824 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.23153 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24329 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.71245 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 713.12103 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9248 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40936 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0619 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9413 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3061 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.09572 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.62709 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26453 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.55496 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.12565 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.52676 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.96605 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97621 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45904 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22463 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05848 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17647 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31853 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95396 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.47477 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.90946 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15451 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71398 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62536 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29868 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.76098 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35911 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07494 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22327 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88663 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59477 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15035 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98703 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02611 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06229 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0629 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11989 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06472 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.82716 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06982 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07256 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.0862 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.12737 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07193 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14866 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2582 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15536 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02534 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01372 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42597 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.36485 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.78074 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 381.75523 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16785 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87876 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60368 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04586 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0428 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07262 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12717 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.06541 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51746 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.67197 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.62766 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 478.3426 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.71839 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98465 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04817 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05179 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85248 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79474 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.5492 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94226 Zimbabwe dollar

ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Understanding driving during, after earthquakes

Romer Guimba was driving his jeepney along the Talisay-Tanauan Road just past the Total Gas Station on route to the Talaga Public Elementary School to pick up his regular student passengers when the Magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck.

“Hindi ko po nahalata nung una, pero nakakatakot kasi parang nawala sa lugar ang sasakyan ko,” (I didn’t notice it at first then it got was scary, I could not seem to control my vehicle) Guimba said.

He immediately pulled over but after the next 10 seconds the earthquake was gone.

Laden with 8 passengers who panicked when the jeepney started pulling sideways made it more difficult to react. 

“Parang flat po ang sasakyan. Ang bigat pihitin ng manibela,” (The vehicle felt like it had flat tires, it was difficult maneuver),” adds Guimba.

Driving a 2016 sports utility vehicle with a jetski in tow, Jules Gamboa of Laguna was on his way to Eagle Point beach on the Balayan Bay side of Mabini town by Bagalangit—the epicenter of the 5.6 earthquake of April 4.

“The first thing I noticed was that the trailer was not centered with the car,” said Gamboa, a jet ski enthusiast.

His first instinct was to pull over. The van in front seemed to be swaying side to side. He could see the lamp posts swaying and the electric wires overhead flapping. After the brief earthquake he noticed that most of the vehicles along the Mabini National Road were stopped by the roadside, everyone obviously caught by surprise.

It was a different story of Guillermo Cabotaje, a former trailer driver on the Mabini Circumferential Road. Driving a small van ferrying tourists to one of the many dive sites around the coastal town. The truck in front was slowing down abruptly, causing him to brake urgently.

“Nakita kong sumasayaw ang mga poste ng kuryente sa kanan, kaya’t doon po ako tumigil sa kaliwa, tabing dagat, malayo sa poste,” (I saw the electric poles swaying so I stopped on the left side of the road near the coast, away from the posts) Cabotaje narrated. 

Cabotaje, 58 was a driver a vegetable farmers cooperative in Baguio. On July 16, 1990, he was at Camp 3 of Kennon Road heading from Cabanatuan when the “Big One” of that decade struck. He narrated how that eight-second earthquake seemed like 10 minutes. 

He saw portions of the road buckle. Landslides began blocking the road. But instead of pulling over, he rushed down the mountain road that was literally crumbling beneath him. He could not go back up Kennon, fearing for the safety of his family who then lived in Loakan.

He was driving a full-size six-wheel truck filled with vegetables.

“Overloaded nga po kami madalas at puno ng hangin yun gulong,” he relates, stating that looking back now it seemed the vehicle itself was dangerous to drive with a tall cargo bay and overinflated tires to carry the extra payload.

Like in the case of Guimba in the first story, his passengers, 5 Filipino and 3 foreign tourists we picked up from Manila, all panicked when he took evasive action. 

He admits the passenger panic also scared him.

Once the earthquake stopped the passengers rushed out of the van but a few minutes later when another earthquake happened. 

In a span of less than a week, an earthquake swarm of nearly 10 earthquakes of Magnitude 4 and up have hit the Calabarzon region. Three of the strongest ones happened from April 4 in Puerto Galera to Batangas last April 8 and in back to Mindoro on April 9.

Shakemaps from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) show the strongest of the quakes hit inland in Tanauan, Batangas but the most felt was a tectonic shaker of Magnitude 5.5 in the coastal resort town of Mabini, also Batangas. 

The severity of an earthquake determines how a driver reacts to it. The “panic level” changes from “I didn’t feel it” to “what the hell is going on.” And drivers like Mr. Cabojate says that once the earth is moving, fear takes over your senses.

Less control and the potential for road crashes are the first result of driving panic. But panic and surprise are also the top reasons drivers instinctively pull off the road and park the car. In the stories of the three drivers, only one, Cabajote took stock of his surroundings. The rest simply pulled over—one even above an electric post with swaying wires. 

All the drivers and their passengers stayed in the car until the ground stopped moving.  This self-imposed “all clear” call is a function of self-preservation. It was also observed that in one instance, the passengers who disembark after a “coast is clear” declaration scrambled back to the vehicle at the first sign of another tremor.

It is a good idea to stay in the vehicle while a visual assessment of the surroundings is done. It’s also a good time to recap what just happened by gathering some information. Listening to the radio and reading social media feeds or texting friends is best, instead of making a phone call. Phone calls congest the lines since voice uses up more bandwidth than data or SMS. 

Our beautiful country is filled with many infrastructure components that usually becomes unsafe or rickety after a natural disaster. Look for collapsed bridges, broken pavement, overhangs, fallen power lines, cracks in tunnels or flyovers, steep roads (which have a huge potential for liquefaction) or landslides. 

Driving after an earthquake is a more horrible experience than driving during it. 

Before starting to drive, listen to the radio for reports, use technology to get your way around. Call our on Waze for road conditions. Check Facebook or Twitter for earthquake related feeds. Assess the condition of your route, and visually confirm it. 

Take photos and share it on official social media feeds of the local government you are in or the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Transporation (DOTr) or the Land Transportation Office (LTO). 

If the roads look drivable, proceed with caution. There could be a lot of debris which could do tire or underchassis damage. 

This story was produced under the Bloomberg Initiative-Global Road Safety Media Fellowship implemented by the World Health Organization, Department of Transportation and Communications and VERA Files.
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