September 24, 2017, 7:37 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07205 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19737 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03473 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33883 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02472 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03508 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03924 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60624 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03223 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.03414 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02647 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06149 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26104 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20051 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 392.78006 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03919 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02419 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01905 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.25231 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12921 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.14342 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.22072 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81263 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42857 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49225 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12231 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92211 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19774 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25715 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34589 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45831 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01644 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03953 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01454 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01447 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08679 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87895 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.63213 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14311 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97705 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15314 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45756 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12286 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19973 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08986 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 260.48656 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0688 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27132 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.89582 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 658.62271 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10712 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.56229 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01388 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20489 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02178 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3433 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.4585 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.05435 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.65745 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.18972 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01609 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67785 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.84088 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.53698 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99588 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29351 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26015 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05981 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01217 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00647 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.68236 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.14597 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15773 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0826 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65097 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30135 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.05376 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34969 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08232 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.92564 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58623 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15332 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01197 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02683 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00755 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06369 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06494 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.25171 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07269 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13354 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.2576 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07357 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15204 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2669 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13067 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15655 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02649 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01455 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43567 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.14538 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.928 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.77613 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17167 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.10359 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64921 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04791 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0432 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06876 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13239 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59217 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.90818 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51422 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.57092 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56582 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.34804 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19569 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 445.73278 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0155 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04907 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.773 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05297 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.75142 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95017 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.90386 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25991 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.81479 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.10025 Zimbabwe dollar

ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Understanding driving during, after earthquakes

Romer Guimba was driving his jeepney along the Talisay-Tanauan Road just past the Total Gas Station on route to the Talaga Public Elementary School to pick up his regular student passengers when the Magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck.

“Hindi ko po nahalata nung una, pero nakakatakot kasi parang nawala sa lugar ang sasakyan ko,” (I didn’t notice it at first then it got was scary, I could not seem to control my vehicle) Guimba said.

He immediately pulled over but after the next 10 seconds the earthquake was gone.

Laden with 8 passengers who panicked when the jeepney started pulling sideways made it more difficult to react. 

“Parang flat po ang sasakyan. Ang bigat pihitin ng manibela,” (The vehicle felt like it had flat tires, it was difficult maneuver),” adds Guimba.

Driving a 2016 sports utility vehicle with a jetski in tow, Jules Gamboa of Laguna was on his way to Eagle Point beach on the Balayan Bay side of Mabini town by Bagalangit—the epicenter of the 5.6 earthquake of April 4.

“The first thing I noticed was that the trailer was not centered with the car,” said Gamboa, a jet ski enthusiast.

His first instinct was to pull over. The van in front seemed to be swaying side to side. He could see the lamp posts swaying and the electric wires overhead flapping. After the brief earthquake he noticed that most of the vehicles along the Mabini National Road were stopped by the roadside, everyone obviously caught by surprise.

It was a different story of Guillermo Cabotaje, a former trailer driver on the Mabini Circumferential Road. Driving a small van ferrying tourists to one of the many dive sites around the coastal town. The truck in front was slowing down abruptly, causing him to brake urgently.

“Nakita kong sumasayaw ang mga poste ng kuryente sa kanan, kaya’t doon po ako tumigil sa kaliwa, tabing dagat, malayo sa poste,” (I saw the electric poles swaying so I stopped on the left side of the road near the coast, away from the posts) Cabotaje narrated. 

Cabotaje, 58 was a driver a vegetable farmers cooperative in Baguio. On July 16, 1990, he was at Camp 3 of Kennon Road heading from Cabanatuan when the “Big One” of that decade struck. He narrated how that eight-second earthquake seemed like 10 minutes. 

He saw portions of the road buckle. Landslides began blocking the road. But instead of pulling over, he rushed down the mountain road that was literally crumbling beneath him. He could not go back up Kennon, fearing for the safety of his family who then lived in Loakan.

He was driving a full-size six-wheel truck filled with vegetables.

“Overloaded nga po kami madalas at puno ng hangin yun gulong,” he relates, stating that looking back now it seemed the vehicle itself was dangerous to drive with a tall cargo bay and overinflated tires to carry the extra payload.

Like in the case of Guimba in the first story, his passengers, 5 Filipino and 3 foreign tourists we picked up from Manila, all panicked when he took evasive action. 

He admits the passenger panic also scared him.

Once the earthquake stopped the passengers rushed out of the van but a few minutes later when another earthquake happened. 

In a span of less than a week, an earthquake swarm of nearly 10 earthquakes of Magnitude 4 and up have hit the Calabarzon region. Three of the strongest ones happened from April 4 in Puerto Galera to Batangas last April 8 and in back to Mindoro on April 9.

Shakemaps from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) show the strongest of the quakes hit inland in Tanauan, Batangas but the most felt was a tectonic shaker of Magnitude 5.5 in the coastal resort town of Mabini, also Batangas. 

The severity of an earthquake determines how a driver reacts to it. The “panic level” changes from “I didn’t feel it” to “what the hell is going on.” And drivers like Mr. Cabojate says that once the earth is moving, fear takes over your senses.

Less control and the potential for road crashes are the first result of driving panic. But panic and surprise are also the top reasons drivers instinctively pull off the road and park the car. In the stories of the three drivers, only one, Cabajote took stock of his surroundings. The rest simply pulled over—one even above an electric post with swaying wires. 

All the drivers and their passengers stayed in the car until the ground stopped moving.  This self-imposed “all clear” call is a function of self-preservation. It was also observed that in one instance, the passengers who disembark after a “coast is clear” declaration scrambled back to the vehicle at the first sign of another tremor.

It is a good idea to stay in the vehicle while a visual assessment of the surroundings is done. It’s also a good time to recap what just happened by gathering some information. Listening to the radio and reading social media feeds or texting friends is best, instead of making a phone call. Phone calls congest the lines since voice uses up more bandwidth than data or SMS. 

Our beautiful country is filled with many infrastructure components that usually becomes unsafe or rickety after a natural disaster. Look for collapsed bridges, broken pavement, overhangs, fallen power lines, cracks in tunnels or flyovers, steep roads (which have a huge potential for liquefaction) or landslides. 

Driving after an earthquake is a more horrible experience than driving during it. 

Before starting to drive, listen to the radio for reports, use technology to get your way around. Call our on Waze for road conditions. Check Facebook or Twitter for earthquake related feeds. Assess the condition of your route, and visually confirm it. 

Take photos and share it on official social media feeds of the local government you are in or the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Transporation (DOTr) or the Land Transportation Office (LTO). 

If the roads look drivable, proceed with caution. There could be a lot of debris which could do tire or underchassis damage. 

This story was produced under the Bloomberg Initiative-Global Road Safety Media Fellowship implemented by the World Health Organization, Department of Transportation and Communications and VERA Files.
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