May 22, 2018, 3:40 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07022 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04971 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03427 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46553 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02521 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03403 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03824 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.6174 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0318 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.47954 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02536 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13117 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30067 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19226 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 382.79159 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0382 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02445 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01907 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.17151 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12202 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.9522 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.70612 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78834 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41644 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3891 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12076 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94646 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21398 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34149 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52008 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03927 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08859 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89503 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.06501 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14027 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93289 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15004 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45428 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11999 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19751 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1499 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 271.08987 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06827 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30228 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 804.0153 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99809 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38145 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0135 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12293 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91587 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30863 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.2065 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.91109 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.20841 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.57725 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00577 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.29369 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.08222 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.77629 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0153 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.55793 Liberian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.31807 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99293 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.85086 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.83174 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15455 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76864 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65679 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29771 Maldives Rufiyaa
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.37878 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24208 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88337 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59598 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15388 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08185 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02752 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00735 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0627 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06117 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20841 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06955 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.60994 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06959 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07495 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17737 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.18375 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15039 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26023 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34331 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16581 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.13958 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7457 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.36138 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1673 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.84665 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24215 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61434 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04906 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04426 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08746 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12714 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57119 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.51816 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49847 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.12811 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59981 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 152.58126 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1501.96941 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.35373 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08088 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0494 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05163 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92218 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.7782 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24216 South African Rand
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1 Philippine Peso = 6.91969 Zimbabwe dollar

MALAYA ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Bus crashes deadlier in provinces

FIFTEEN young lives were lost in the most recent bus road crash in Tanay, Rizal. The incident was the most recent of a string of road tragedies that have killed nearly 200 people.

Compared other forms of mass transportation—airplanes, jeepneys, trains, ships—buses are statistically safer because of the low numerical percentage of road crashes versus deaths. But are they?

Based on statistics provided by the Philippine National Police, road crashes involving jeepneys rank high in terms of loss of lives and destruction to property, followed by buses and then tricycles. The most fatal of road crashes happen in the provinces.

Jeepneys have a higher death rate per accident because of its sheer number on the road—, and way the vehicles are built. A frontal accident can, for example, collapse the crucial front and middle pillar that will cause the rood the cave in. Also the passenger sitting position will hurl the passengers forward and to the side causing neck and chest injuries. Moreover the number of passengers on board a jeepney—up to 34 sitting passengers on long chassis versions, is more than half of a full size bus. 

Buses, though carrying more passengers have more metal to absorb the energy of an impact. Terrible bus road crashes involve either hitting another bus or truck, or falling off a ravine. The most number of deaths occurred with because of the latter reason. In the past 10 years, buses falling off ravines have killed nearly 100 people.

Bus crash deaths are particularly painful because of three things. First, it usually happens because of negligence. Second, in most cases it is usually unavoidable. Third, there are no rules that call for the use of safety equipment such as seatbelts in buses—especially for long haul buses.

Sometimes though even the highest rated safety equipment cannot save lives.

Remember that gruesome Don Mariano Transit that fell off in Skyway nearly three years ago? That December 16, 2013 incident killed 18 people instantly and injured 20 others. One person, the driver of a van the bus crushed as it fell six meters from the Skyway also died. Two other people passed away of injuries later, including bus driver Carmelo Calatcat, who tested positive for drugs. It was the only major road crash in recent history that killed over 10 people in one hit. 

In October that same year, an eight-vehicle smash-up, that involved three buses from DLTB, Superlines, Isarog, four trucks and a passenger vehicle. That accident in Atimonan, Quezon killed 20 passengers and injured 56 others.

And then there is the February 7, 2014 Florida Bus Transit incident that happened in Talubin, Bontoc, Mountain Province that killed comedian and radio announcer Arvin “Tado” Jimenez and four others. Only 9 days later, and Elavil Transit and an Antonina Liner bus killed 5 people and injured 40 others in Camarines Sur.

In 2015, four people perished as a Valsino passenger bus crashed at the boundary of Caloocan and Quezon City, impact of the collision practically stripped off the side of the bus. 

In August 2010 a bus carrying 47 passengers plunged off a mountain highway into a 100 foot ravine killing 41 people. It happened while the bus was zigzagging the mountainous highway of Benguet.

On Christmas eve in 2000, a Cotobato-Davao bus traversing the dangerous road across Bansalan  plunges 60 feet down into a ravine killing 30 passengers and injuring twelve.

Buses are supposed to free the roads of an excess of private vehicles and perform this task safely. A study of the many bus crashes from the year 2000 until 2016 proves that there are only two reasons for these fatal crashes: equipment failure and driver incompetence. The other reasons, for example 

Equipment failure ranks number one, followed by driver error or incompetence.

Atty. Ariel Inton of the Lawyers for Commuters Safety and Protection (LCSP) explains why.

He says that drivers of public utility vehicles do not have the correct and proper training. 

“There must be stricter policies on the issuance of professional drivers licenses to drivers of public utility vehicles,” Inton stressed. 

“They should not only be holders of professional drivers licenses, but also need to be more educated—not only be trained in driving skills but also they should be taught to focus on their job. Other important skill sets must be added and psychological testing included. Important actions such as, anger management, passenger courtesy, and so on,” the lead for the LCSP adds. 

He mentioned that it drivers are not hired based on the way they drive, but on the ability to operate a vehicle. Driving includes common road courtesy, and understanding of the principles or right of way—instead of the common Filipino drive mentality of “I am here first,” and the application of simple rules such as merge-alternate on intersecting or narrowing lanes.

“It boils down to the mind condition and physical condition of drivers,” he emphasized saying that stories of drunk of drugged drivers are very true and account for some of the major road crash tragedies that have happened in Manila.

“To be able to driver also means an understanding of road traffic. Many of them do not known traffic signs, more so the simple traffic rules. Imagine a simple school zone sign to reduce speed and most bus driver’s don’t do it,” Inton clarified.

He also reiterated the over discussed point on how operators need to support their drivers giving them better driving conditions and fair employment benefits.

The second reason for most bus crashes is equipment failure.

“I lost my brakes.” 

“The engine shut off.”

A lot of buses involved in the accidents mentioned, were old buses, far beyond the required phase out policy of 15 years issued by the Land Transportation and Franchising Regulatory Board. (LTFRB). The bus for example in the Tanay bus crash was over 20 years old, but was not listed as such because when the bus was imported from Japan in 2008, it was registered as brand new.

It is the Land Transportation Office (LTO) which determines the vehicle’s model year based on the year of registration. Thus the old buses, from Japan converted from right hand drive to left hand drive, refurbished and repainted, have run hundreds of thousands of kilometers, but are on paper brand new.

Inton theorizes about the accidents in the provinces into three. 

First, the terrain is more dangerous, with lots of curves and blind corners. Second, drivers tend to speed up especially at the long stretches of road. Third a lot of roads are poorly engineered with wrong lane markings.

“But if public utility drivers remain conscious of speed and of their responsibility as transporters of many lives, they can also be safer drivers,” Inton concluded.
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