April 26, 2017, 7:53 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.49799 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30869 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02653 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04016 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.66265 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0362 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.12309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02795 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13795 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06279 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29719 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20691 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.00804 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04012 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02712 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01999 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.14779 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13823 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.61044 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.0492 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03795 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4955 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.5743 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13744 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94578 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18602 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28902 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36285 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45783 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01847 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04172 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0157 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08205 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88052 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 185.36145 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14727 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.10221 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15618 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46867 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13713 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33153 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.74598 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.38956 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29488 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.71486 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.34539 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16064 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5751 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20343 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06888 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34789 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.12048 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.2747 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.07229 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.75743 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0061 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01647 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25622 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.67872 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.25502 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.05723 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80723 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26094 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06122 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02828 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19886 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38584 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13153 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.04819 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.27309 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16089 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14859 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6994 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30622 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.41345 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37604 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08831 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.261 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.3253 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59056 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17162 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07129 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02861 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00772 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.065 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06586 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10141 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07841 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.69879 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08354 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11942 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43896 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07529 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15744 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27046 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13372 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17781 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02796 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.5984 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98394 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 452.80121 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17514 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34096 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26104 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68916 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05006 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04645 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07169 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13453 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60745 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.77912 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53434 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.53012 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57068 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 74.29719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2003 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.10443 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17892 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0517 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.11064 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05422 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.18876 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19137 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01908 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26099 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.20683 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26707 Zimbabwe dollar

MALAYA ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Bus crashes deadlier in provinces

FIFTEEN young lives were lost in the most recent bus road crash in Tanay, Rizal. The incident was the most recent of a string of road tragedies that have killed nearly 200 people.

Compared other forms of mass transportation—airplanes, jeepneys, trains, ships—buses are statistically safer because of the low numerical percentage of road crashes versus deaths. But are they?

Based on statistics provided by the Philippine National Police, road crashes involving jeepneys rank high in terms of loss of lives and destruction to property, followed by buses and then tricycles. The most fatal of road crashes happen in the provinces.

Jeepneys have a higher death rate per accident because of its sheer number on the road—, and way the vehicles are built. A frontal accident can, for example, collapse the crucial front and middle pillar that will cause the rood the cave in. Also the passenger sitting position will hurl the passengers forward and to the side causing neck and chest injuries. Moreover the number of passengers on board a jeepney—up to 34 sitting passengers on long chassis versions, is more than half of a full size bus. 

Buses, though carrying more passengers have more metal to absorb the energy of an impact. Terrible bus road crashes involve either hitting another bus or truck, or falling off a ravine. The most number of deaths occurred with because of the latter reason. In the past 10 years, buses falling off ravines have killed nearly 100 people.

Bus crash deaths are particularly painful because of three things. First, it usually happens because of negligence. Second, in most cases it is usually unavoidable. Third, there are no rules that call for the use of safety equipment such as seatbelts in buses—especially for long haul buses.

Sometimes though even the highest rated safety equipment cannot save lives.

Remember that gruesome Don Mariano Transit that fell off in Skyway nearly three years ago? That December 16, 2013 incident killed 18 people instantly and injured 20 others. One person, the driver of a van the bus crushed as it fell six meters from the Skyway also died. Two other people passed away of injuries later, including bus driver Carmelo Calatcat, who tested positive for drugs. It was the only major road crash in recent history that killed over 10 people in one hit. 

In October that same year, an eight-vehicle smash-up, that involved three buses from DLTB, Superlines, Isarog, four trucks and a passenger vehicle. That accident in Atimonan, Quezon killed 20 passengers and injured 56 others.

And then there is the February 7, 2014 Florida Bus Transit incident that happened in Talubin, Bontoc, Mountain Province that killed comedian and radio announcer Arvin “Tado” Jimenez and four others. Only 9 days later, and Elavil Transit and an Antonina Liner bus killed 5 people and injured 40 others in Camarines Sur.

In 2015, four people perished as a Valsino passenger bus crashed at the boundary of Caloocan and Quezon City, impact of the collision practically stripped off the side of the bus. 

In August 2010 a bus carrying 47 passengers plunged off a mountain highway into a 100 foot ravine killing 41 people. It happened while the bus was zigzagging the mountainous highway of Benguet.

On Christmas eve in 2000, a Cotobato-Davao bus traversing the dangerous road across Bansalan  plunges 60 feet down into a ravine killing 30 passengers and injuring twelve.

Buses are supposed to free the roads of an excess of private vehicles and perform this task safely. A study of the many bus crashes from the year 2000 until 2016 proves that there are only two reasons for these fatal crashes: equipment failure and driver incompetence. The other reasons, for example 

Equipment failure ranks number one, followed by driver error or incompetence.

Atty. Ariel Inton of the Lawyers for Commuters Safety and Protection (LCSP) explains why.

He says that drivers of public utility vehicles do not have the correct and proper training. 

“There must be stricter policies on the issuance of professional drivers licenses to drivers of public utility vehicles,” Inton stressed. 

“They should not only be holders of professional drivers licenses, but also need to be more educated—not only be trained in driving skills but also they should be taught to focus on their job. Other important skill sets must be added and psychological testing included. Important actions such as, anger management, passenger courtesy, and so on,” the lead for the LCSP adds. 

He mentioned that it drivers are not hired based on the way they drive, but on the ability to operate a vehicle. Driving includes common road courtesy, and understanding of the principles or right of way—instead of the common Filipino drive mentality of “I am here first,” and the application of simple rules such as merge-alternate on intersecting or narrowing lanes.

“It boils down to the mind condition and physical condition of drivers,” he emphasized saying that stories of drunk of drugged drivers are very true and account for some of the major road crash tragedies that have happened in Manila.

“To be able to driver also means an understanding of road traffic. Many of them do not known traffic signs, more so the simple traffic rules. Imagine a simple school zone sign to reduce speed and most bus driver’s don’t do it,” Inton clarified.

He also reiterated the over discussed point on how operators need to support their drivers giving them better driving conditions and fair employment benefits.

The second reason for most bus crashes is equipment failure.

“I lost my brakes.” 

“The engine shut off.”

A lot of buses involved in the accidents mentioned, were old buses, far beyond the required phase out policy of 15 years issued by the Land Transportation and Franchising Regulatory Board. (LTFRB). The bus for example in the Tanay bus crash was over 20 years old, but was not listed as such because when the bus was imported from Japan in 2008, it was registered as brand new.

It is the Land Transportation Office (LTO) which determines the vehicle’s model year based on the year of registration. Thus the old buses, from Japan converted from right hand drive to left hand drive, refurbished and repainted, have run hundreds of thousands of kilometers, but are on paper brand new.

Inton theorizes about the accidents in the provinces into three. 

First, the terrain is more dangerous, with lots of curves and blind corners. Second, drivers tend to speed up especially at the long stretches of road. Third a lot of roads are poorly engineered with wrong lane markings.

“But if public utility drivers remain conscious of speed and of their responsibility as transporters of many lives, they can also be safer drivers,” Inton concluded.
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