September 20, 2017, 7:06 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07179 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17553 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03474 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33168 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02434 Australian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Bermuda Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.13468 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06076 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25293 Bhutan Ngultrum
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.02381 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.19703 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12797 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.56763 Colombian Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Cuban Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.42683 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.47146 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12175 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92005 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16386 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25592 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3448 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45563 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01636 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0398 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0144 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01438 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08637 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87373 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.19859 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14252 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.99648 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15278 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45582 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12205 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20133 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.05786 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 258.65911 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06872 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25233 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.81079 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 654.02658 Iran Rial
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.54613 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01384 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17369 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00743 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34064 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.2025 Cambodia Riel
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1 Philippine Peso = 17.59187 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.0045 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00588 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01603 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.62568 Kazakhstan Tenge
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1 Philippine Peso = 1.00176 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.48554 Myanmar Kyat
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1 Philippine Peso = 7.05629 Mauritania Ougulya
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1 Philippine Peso = 1.99961 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02667 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00752 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06351 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
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1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 110.44762 Paraguayan Guarani
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1 Philippine Peso = 1.12619 Russian Rouble
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0733 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15296 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26388 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13018 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15555 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02627 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0144 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43405 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.59891 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.88741 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 400.87765 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17103 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.06607 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25709 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64621 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04766 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04368 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13149 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58751 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.66693 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51173 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.19156 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56626 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 157.93589 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19498 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 444.15559 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06353 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04908 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72635 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05278 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62119 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9398 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.88468 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25718 South African Rand
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1 Philippine Peso = 7.07389 Zimbabwe dollar

MALAYA ROAD SAFETY SERIES; Bus crashes deadlier in provinces

FIFTEEN young lives were lost in the most recent bus road crash in Tanay, Rizal. The incident was the most recent of a string of road tragedies that have killed nearly 200 people.

Compared other forms of mass transportation—airplanes, jeepneys, trains, ships—buses are statistically safer because of the low numerical percentage of road crashes versus deaths. But are they?

Based on statistics provided by the Philippine National Police, road crashes involving jeepneys rank high in terms of loss of lives and destruction to property, followed by buses and then tricycles. The most fatal of road crashes happen in the provinces.

Jeepneys have a higher death rate per accident because of its sheer number on the road—, and way the vehicles are built. A frontal accident can, for example, collapse the crucial front and middle pillar that will cause the rood the cave in. Also the passenger sitting position will hurl the passengers forward and to the side causing neck and chest injuries. Moreover the number of passengers on board a jeepney—up to 34 sitting passengers on long chassis versions, is more than half of a full size bus. 

Buses, though carrying more passengers have more metal to absorb the energy of an impact. Terrible bus road crashes involve either hitting another bus or truck, or falling off a ravine. The most number of deaths occurred with because of the latter reason. In the past 10 years, buses falling off ravines have killed nearly 100 people.

Bus crash deaths are particularly painful because of three things. First, it usually happens because of negligence. Second, in most cases it is usually unavoidable. Third, there are no rules that call for the use of safety equipment such as seatbelts in buses—especially for long haul buses.

Sometimes though even the highest rated safety equipment cannot save lives.

Remember that gruesome Don Mariano Transit that fell off in Skyway nearly three years ago? That December 16, 2013 incident killed 18 people instantly and injured 20 others. One person, the driver of a van the bus crushed as it fell six meters from the Skyway also died. Two other people passed away of injuries later, including bus driver Carmelo Calatcat, who tested positive for drugs. It was the only major road crash in recent history that killed over 10 people in one hit. 

In October that same year, an eight-vehicle smash-up, that involved three buses from DLTB, Superlines, Isarog, four trucks and a passenger vehicle. That accident in Atimonan, Quezon killed 20 passengers and injured 56 others.

And then there is the February 7, 2014 Florida Bus Transit incident that happened in Talubin, Bontoc, Mountain Province that killed comedian and radio announcer Arvin “Tado” Jimenez and four others. Only 9 days later, and Elavil Transit and an Antonina Liner bus killed 5 people and injured 40 others in Camarines Sur.

In 2015, four people perished as a Valsino passenger bus crashed at the boundary of Caloocan and Quezon City, impact of the collision practically stripped off the side of the bus. 

In August 2010 a bus carrying 47 passengers plunged off a mountain highway into a 100 foot ravine killing 41 people. It happened while the bus was zigzagging the mountainous highway of Benguet.

On Christmas eve in 2000, a Cotobato-Davao bus traversing the dangerous road across Bansalan  plunges 60 feet down into a ravine killing 30 passengers and injuring twelve.

Buses are supposed to free the roads of an excess of private vehicles and perform this task safely. A study of the many bus crashes from the year 2000 until 2016 proves that there are only two reasons for these fatal crashes: equipment failure and driver incompetence. The other reasons, for example 

Equipment failure ranks number one, followed by driver error or incompetence.

Atty. Ariel Inton of the Lawyers for Commuters Safety and Protection (LCSP) explains why.

He says that drivers of public utility vehicles do not have the correct and proper training. 

“There must be stricter policies on the issuance of professional drivers licenses to drivers of public utility vehicles,” Inton stressed. 

“They should not only be holders of professional drivers licenses, but also need to be more educated—not only be trained in driving skills but also they should be taught to focus on their job. Other important skill sets must be added and psychological testing included. Important actions such as, anger management, passenger courtesy, and so on,” the lead for the LCSP adds. 

He mentioned that it drivers are not hired based on the way they drive, but on the ability to operate a vehicle. Driving includes common road courtesy, and understanding of the principles or right of way—instead of the common Filipino drive mentality of “I am here first,” and the application of simple rules such as merge-alternate on intersecting or narrowing lanes.

“It boils down to the mind condition and physical condition of drivers,” he emphasized saying that stories of drunk of drugged drivers are very true and account for some of the major road crash tragedies that have happened in Manila.

“To be able to driver also means an understanding of road traffic. Many of them do not known traffic signs, more so the simple traffic rules. Imagine a simple school zone sign to reduce speed and most bus driver’s don’t do it,” Inton clarified.

He also reiterated the over discussed point on how operators need to support their drivers giving them better driving conditions and fair employment benefits.

The second reason for most bus crashes is equipment failure.

“I lost my brakes.” 

“The engine shut off.”

A lot of buses involved in the accidents mentioned, were old buses, far beyond the required phase out policy of 15 years issued by the Land Transportation and Franchising Regulatory Board. (LTFRB). The bus for example in the Tanay bus crash was over 20 years old, but was not listed as such because when the bus was imported from Japan in 2008, it was registered as brand new.

It is the Land Transportation Office (LTO) which determines the vehicle’s model year based on the year of registration. Thus the old buses, from Japan converted from right hand drive to left hand drive, refurbished and repainted, have run hundreds of thousands of kilometers, but are on paper brand new.

Inton theorizes about the accidents in the provinces into three. 

First, the terrain is more dangerous, with lots of curves and blind corners. Second, drivers tend to speed up especially at the long stretches of road. Third a lot of roads are poorly engineered with wrong lane markings.

“But if public utility drivers remain conscious of speed and of their responsibility as transporters of many lives, they can also be safer drivers,” Inton concluded.
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