February 23, 2018, 5:26 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07045 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04297 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38059 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02443 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03415 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59409 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0304 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.58872 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02533 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13159 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06235 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2325 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18295 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.03989 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03832 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.018 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.42605 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12152 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.88202 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.87186 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71801 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39493 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3921 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11601 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94226 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17652 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24369 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33858 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52177 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01557 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03825 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01371 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01377 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08533 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89967 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.74122 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14073 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.9296 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15011 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45024 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11584 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.216 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85824 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.23153 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24329 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.71245 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 713.12103 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9248 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40936 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01359 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0619 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9413 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3061 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.09572 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.62709 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.26453 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.55496 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.12565 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.52676 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.96605 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97621 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45904 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22463 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05848 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0119 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17647 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31853 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95396 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.47477 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.90946 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15451 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71398 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62536 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29868 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.76098 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35911 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07494 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22327 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88663 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59477 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15035 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98703 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02611 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00738 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06229 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0629 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11989 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06472 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.82716 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06982 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07256 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.0862 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.12737 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07193 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14866 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2582 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15536 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02534 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01372 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42597 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.36485 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.78074 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 381.75523 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16785 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.87876 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60368 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04586 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0428 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07262 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12717 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55966 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.06541 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51746 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.67197 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01918 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.62766 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 478.3426 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.71839 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98465 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04817 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05179 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.20986 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85248 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79474 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22325 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.5492 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94226 Zimbabwe dollar

Bobby Mañosa; Quintessential Filipino architect

Architect Francisco “Bobby” Mañosa, known for his Filipino design philosophy, is passing on to his children a legacy that would  transcend time.

Six decades and 50 landmark projects  will not define Bobby’s illustrious career as the next-generation Mañosas are bent on carrying  the torch for Philippine architecture their father championed.

“I design Filipino, nothing else,”  was Bobby’s mantra as a celebrated architect. This mantra set him apart from the rest. 

From conceptualizing the Coconut Palace, to creating the EDSA Shrine, to designing Amanpulo, Pearl Farm, the LRT and other iconic Filipino landmarks, Bobby Mañosa has always taken his country and his craft seriously – to the point of turning down potentially lucrative projects simply because they were not in line with his philosophy that “architecture must be true to itself, its land and its people.”

 “That means Philippine architecture for the Philippines,” said Francisco  Jr. or Dino,  CEO of the Mañosa Group of Companies, and founder and CEO of Mañosa Properties, the group’s real estate arm.

“The vision for the company moving forward will really be how we can make Philippine architecture, or that philosophy, relevant today,” Dino said.

Dino said the Group always goes  back to the design philosophy of the bahay kubo  (nipa hut) which later became the bahay na bato, then into what is today’s Philippine modern architecture.

Bobby in previous interviews described the bahay kubo as the original sustainable house that embodies the principles of climate-conscious architecture. 

Built from readily available sustainable materials, the bahay kubo has distinct features: a high pitched thatch roof that insulates the interior from the heat of the sun and rain and stilts design for cross ventilation  laterally (from the large windows) and vertically (from the “silong” or basement).

Much  like the industrialists of his generation, Bobby contributed to nation-building through his architecture, which is  distinctively Filipino.

“Had he been a cook or a chef, he would have probably just cooked Filipino food or put up a Filipino restaurant,” Dino added.

Today, the Mañosa   Group keeps the vision alive in its different companies and different divisions, always looking at how to Filipinize to promote Filipino design and architecture. By doing so, the Mañosa siblings hope to inspire others to do the same.

According to  Dino, the Group  furthers their inspiration of the bahay kubo by modernizing that design to today’s needs, taking into consideration the requirements of the end-user and the contour of the land.

Miguel Angelo Mañosa, CEO of Mañosa and Co. Inc. and managing partner of A. Mañosa + Architects, said in any residential  or commercial project, true to their spirit, they always begin with the bahay kubo.

“We believe there is still much to learn with regards to the fundamentals of the house. We adapt these fundamentals in every design we do, be it a commercial, institutional, ecclesiastical or residential development. We believe learning from the past is the best way to design for the future,” Gelo added.

Bambi Mañosa-Tanjutco, director of Interior Design at Mañosa and Co., also still applies several of her father’s trademark design features in every project that they take on.

In her projects, Bambi upgrades local materials and applies them in different forms to accent walls, counters and cabinetry, to furniture and soft furnishings, fabrics etc.

She also introduces the “banggerahan” concept in the kitchen which is a typical feature in a bahay kubo.

Bambi provides  little  touches of Filipino design in  the interiors,   incorporating plants and floor lamps and using only warm white lights.

Dino said  there could be a misnomer that Bobby Mañosa only designs out of sawali and bamboo. He also dispels common notion that today, these materials are no longer relevant.

According to  Dino, his father would always try to push the use modern bamboo flooring  or modern bamboo wall not just because they are indigenous materials.

“There was a reason why he chose that. It was really because bamboo (is) the greenest type of material you can use anywhere and he loved the use of it. He wanted to uplift the material to let people accept it: that bamboo or rattan is not just for the poor or the farmer but it can be enjoyed by presidents and kings and tycoons,” Dino said.

And this still holds true for Mañosa ’s projects whether that’d be Mañosa Properties or in the architectural department or the furniture.

Dino laments the fact that some Filipinos have stopped  designing for the Filipino climate, or worse, for the Filipino culture due in part to the many influences of Western architecture.

Gelo added: ”I believe that the Filipino’s sense of national pride has changed. This has influenced their taste in architecture.”

The Mañosas constantly look for ways to incorporate new designs, new elements still with the Filipino culture and the bahay kubo in mind.

In fact, Dino believes the basic elements of bahay  kubo to this day remain extremely viable -- from the long eaves to cross ventilation to local materials, if possible.” All that is very viable.”

Gelo said over the years, there has been much innovation in materials since his father’s  time.

“Today, there are so many choices, the limit would just be your imagination. We use these new material innovations to our advantage by coming up with creative designs which complement our architecture and interior design,” Gelo said.

Dino added: “We always innovate to today’s technology, what’s available out in  the market. That’s always a thinking process that all the designers go through.”

For Dino there is no one project that can embody the group’s brand image because of the many types of Philippine architecture projects the Group has done.

“You can go very indigenous like the Pearl Farm or you can go very modern sleek like Amanpulo. And you can go very pure and creative like the Coconut Palace,” he said.

But for Dino, the next project will always be better than the last one.

 For Bambi, Amanpulo and Campanilla Lane typify the contemporary while Pearl Farm, Eskaya and the Mañosa residence are the showcase projects for the vernacular.

Today, the Mañosa Group is pushing an advocacy very close to the improvement of Filipino design. The Group supports local weavers and craftsmen and help them level up their products to be acceptable in its projects. Typically, it supports local craftsmen from the areas where its projects are located.

Through its foundation TUKOD, the Mañosa Group creates centers and spaces for less fortunate children. It also mentors future leaders by exposing and inspiring them to lead projects that they wish to support through its K4K – or Kids for Kids – youth advocacy.

To celebrate Bobby’s  more than six decades of his legacy, an exhibit dubbed “Mañosa: Beyond Architecture’ runs until May at the National Museum of the Philippines. The exhibit showcases over 50 landmark projects from Bobby’s prolific career, including original drawings and models never before seen by the public. Archived photographs, samples of vernacular materials, furniture, and interior elements, are also featured. The exhibition also explores Bobby’s other creative pursuits as a jazz musician, toy designer, and designer of craft. 
 
To further inspire new and upcoming generations of Filipino architects and designers, a lecture series runs concurrently with the exhibit, on selected Saturdays from until May 6, 1:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the National Museum Auditorium.  
 
The “Mañosa: Beyond Architecture” lecture series includes topics on art, architecture and design, Philippine textiles and building materials, Filipino culture and identity, nationalism and nation-building.
 
 
 
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