September 24, 2017, 1:11 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07205 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19737 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03473 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33883 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02472 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03508 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03924 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60624 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03223 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.03414 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02647 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06149 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26104 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20051 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 392.78006 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03919 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02419 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01905 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.25231 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12921 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.14342 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.22072 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81263 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42857 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49225 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12231 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92211 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19774 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25715 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34589 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45831 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01644 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03953 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01454 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01447 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08679 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87895 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.63213 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14311 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97705 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15314 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45756 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12286 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19973 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08986 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 260.48656 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0688 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27132 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.89582 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 658.62271 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10712 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.56229 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01388 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20489 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02178 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3433 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.4585 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.05435 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.65745 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.18972 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01609 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67785 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.84088 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.53698 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99588 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29351 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26015 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05981 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01217 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00647 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.68236 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.14597 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15773 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0826 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65097 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30135 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.05376 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34969 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08232 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.92564 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58623 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15332 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01197 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02683 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00755 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06369 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06494 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.25171 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07269 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13354 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.2576 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07357 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15204 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2669 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13067 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15655 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02649 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01455 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43567 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.14538 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.928 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.77613 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17167 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.10359 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64921 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04791 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0432 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06876 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13239 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59217 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.90818 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51422 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.57092 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56582 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.34804 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19569 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 445.73278 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0155 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04907 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.773 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05297 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.75142 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95017 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.90386 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25991 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.81479 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.10025 Zimbabwe dollar

Bobby Mañosa; Quintessential Filipino architect

Architect Francisco “Bobby” Mañosa, known for his Filipino design philosophy, is passing on to his children a legacy that would  transcend time.

Six decades and 50 landmark projects  will not define Bobby’s illustrious career as the next-generation Mañosas are bent on carrying  the torch for Philippine architecture their father championed.

“I design Filipino, nothing else,”  was Bobby’s mantra as a celebrated architect. This mantra set him apart from the rest. 

From conceptualizing the Coconut Palace, to creating the EDSA Shrine, to designing Amanpulo, Pearl Farm, the LRT and other iconic Filipino landmarks, Bobby Mañosa has always taken his country and his craft seriously – to the point of turning down potentially lucrative projects simply because they were not in line with his philosophy that “architecture must be true to itself, its land and its people.”

 “That means Philippine architecture for the Philippines,” said Francisco  Jr. or Dino,  CEO of the Mañosa Group of Companies, and founder and CEO of Mañosa Properties, the group’s real estate arm.

“The vision for the company moving forward will really be how we can make Philippine architecture, or that philosophy, relevant today,” Dino said.

Dino said the Group always goes  back to the design philosophy of the bahay kubo  (nipa hut) which later became the bahay na bato, then into what is today’s Philippine modern architecture.

Bobby in previous interviews described the bahay kubo as the original sustainable house that embodies the principles of climate-conscious architecture. 

Built from readily available sustainable materials, the bahay kubo has distinct features: a high pitched thatch roof that insulates the interior from the heat of the sun and rain and stilts design for cross ventilation  laterally (from the large windows) and vertically (from the “silong” or basement).

Much  like the industrialists of his generation, Bobby contributed to nation-building through his architecture, which is  distinctively Filipino.

“Had he been a cook or a chef, he would have probably just cooked Filipino food or put up a Filipino restaurant,” Dino added.

Today, the Mañosa   Group keeps the vision alive in its different companies and different divisions, always looking at how to Filipinize to promote Filipino design and architecture. By doing so, the Mañosa siblings hope to inspire others to do the same.

According to  Dino, the Group  furthers their inspiration of the bahay kubo by modernizing that design to today’s needs, taking into consideration the requirements of the end-user and the contour of the land.

Miguel Angelo Mañosa, CEO of Mañosa and Co. Inc. and managing partner of A. Mañosa + Architects, said in any residential  or commercial project, true to their spirit, they always begin with the bahay kubo.

“We believe there is still much to learn with regards to the fundamentals of the house. We adapt these fundamentals in every design we do, be it a commercial, institutional, ecclesiastical or residential development. We believe learning from the past is the best way to design for the future,” Gelo added.

Bambi Mañosa-Tanjutco, director of Interior Design at Mañosa and Co., also still applies several of her father’s trademark design features in every project that they take on.

In her projects, Bambi upgrades local materials and applies them in different forms to accent walls, counters and cabinetry, to furniture and soft furnishings, fabrics etc.

She also introduces the “banggerahan” concept in the kitchen which is a typical feature in a bahay kubo.

Bambi provides  little  touches of Filipino design in  the interiors,   incorporating plants and floor lamps and using only warm white lights.

Dino said  there could be a misnomer that Bobby Mañosa only designs out of sawali and bamboo. He also dispels common notion that today, these materials are no longer relevant.

According to  Dino, his father would always try to push the use modern bamboo flooring  or modern bamboo wall not just because they are indigenous materials.

“There was a reason why he chose that. It was really because bamboo (is) the greenest type of material you can use anywhere and he loved the use of it. He wanted to uplift the material to let people accept it: that bamboo or rattan is not just for the poor or the farmer but it can be enjoyed by presidents and kings and tycoons,” Dino said.

And this still holds true for Mañosa ’s projects whether that’d be Mañosa Properties or in the architectural department or the furniture.

Dino laments the fact that some Filipinos have stopped  designing for the Filipino climate, or worse, for the Filipino culture due in part to the many influences of Western architecture.

Gelo added: ”I believe that the Filipino’s sense of national pride has changed. This has influenced their taste in architecture.”

The Mañosas constantly look for ways to incorporate new designs, new elements still with the Filipino culture and the bahay kubo in mind.

In fact, Dino believes the basic elements of bahay  kubo to this day remain extremely viable -- from the long eaves to cross ventilation to local materials, if possible.” All that is very viable.”

Gelo said over the years, there has been much innovation in materials since his father’s  time.

“Today, there are so many choices, the limit would just be your imagination. We use these new material innovations to our advantage by coming up with creative designs which complement our architecture and interior design,” Gelo said.

Dino added: “We always innovate to today’s technology, what’s available out in  the market. That’s always a thinking process that all the designers go through.”

For Dino there is no one project that can embody the group’s brand image because of the many types of Philippine architecture projects the Group has done.

“You can go very indigenous like the Pearl Farm or you can go very modern sleek like Amanpulo. And you can go very pure and creative like the Coconut Palace,” he said.

But for Dino, the next project will always be better than the last one.

 For Bambi, Amanpulo and Campanilla Lane typify the contemporary while Pearl Farm, Eskaya and the Mañosa residence are the showcase projects for the vernacular.

Today, the Mañosa Group is pushing an advocacy very close to the improvement of Filipino design. The Group supports local weavers and craftsmen and help them level up their products to be acceptable in its projects. Typically, it supports local craftsmen from the areas where its projects are located.

Through its foundation TUKOD, the Mañosa Group creates centers and spaces for less fortunate children. It also mentors future leaders by exposing and inspiring them to lead projects that they wish to support through its K4K – or Kids for Kids – youth advocacy.

To celebrate Bobby’s  more than six decades of his legacy, an exhibit dubbed “Mañosa: Beyond Architecture’ runs until May at the National Museum of the Philippines. The exhibit showcases over 50 landmark projects from Bobby’s prolific career, including original drawings and models never before seen by the public. Archived photographs, samples of vernacular materials, furniture, and interior elements, are also featured. The exhibition also explores Bobby’s other creative pursuits as a jazz musician, toy designer, and designer of craft. 
 
To further inspire new and upcoming generations of Filipino architects and designers, a lecture series runs concurrently with the exhibit, on selected Saturdays from until May 6, 1:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the National Museum Auditorium.  
 
The “Mañosa: Beyond Architecture” lecture series includes topics on art, architecture and design, Philippine textiles and building materials, Filipino culture and identity, nationalism and nation-building.
 
 
 
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