May 30, 2017, 8:53 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07364 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.41007 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03564 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31981 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.027 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03589 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0401 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.6166 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03506 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00754 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.21095 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02781 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13836 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06529 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29236 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20493 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 401.44376 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04006 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02702 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01963 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.52517 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13741 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.34771 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.64428 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98697 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47778 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56126 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13403 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93884 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17475 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28187 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36094 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46049 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01801 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04182 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01561 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01565 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0872 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90034 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 181.17105 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14734 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06477 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15626 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47034 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13286 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33467 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.54381 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.31502 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07139 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29406 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.68157 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 650.67176 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99739 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.59535 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22292 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06637 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36342 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.33948 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.02567 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.04692 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.52055 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00608 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01644 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.22579 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.42751 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.1925 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06196 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8448 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25807 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06113 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01244 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02794 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19633 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36344 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.10347 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.33106 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.04492 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16094 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.17866 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6938 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.308 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.38981 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37146 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08585 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26102 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.43674 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59984 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16929 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06136 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02844 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00772 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06582 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06346 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09846 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07534 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.05735 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07301 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13242 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43433 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07519 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15815 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2679 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13354 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17503 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02781 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01561 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44528 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.39102 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.96852 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 441.47785 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1749 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.32645 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26048 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68398 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04812 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04614 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07172 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13474 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60567 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.71626 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52777 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.08743 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02005 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56748 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.19812 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20001 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 455.96552 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1526 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05162 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.80971 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05414 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.85342 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13836 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01103 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26116 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.06056 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.25687 Zimbabwe dollar

V for Bataan

VENIAL sin it is not. Mortal sin it is: grave and depriving the soul of divine grace. “The Bataan March is a conspicuous example.”

“When General King surrendered his forces on Bataan on 09 April 1942, he was assured by Japanese General Homma’s chief-of-staff that his soldiers would be treated humanely. General King had saved sufficient trucks from demolition to move his men from Bataan to the prisoner of war camp. The American and Filipino soldiers on Bataan had been on short rations and the sick and wounded were numerous. However, when General King suggested the use of the trucks, he was forbidden to do so. The prisoners were marched in intense heat along the highway to San Fernando, Pampanga, which is a distance of 120 kilometers, or 75 miles.”

“The sick and wounded were forced to march. Those who fell by the roadside and were unable to continue were shot or bayonetted. Others were taken from the ranks, beaten, tortured and killed. The march continued for nine days, with the Japanese guards being relieved at five kilometer intervals by fresh guards who had been transported in the American trucks. During the first five days, the prisoners received little or no food or water. Thereafter, the only water available was that from an occasional artesian well or caribou wallow. When the prisoners grouped around a well in an attempt to get water, the Japanese fired upon them.”

“Shooting and bayonetting of prisoners were commonplace. Dead bodies littered the side of the road. Murata, who had been sent to the Philippines in February 1942 by War Minister TOJO as a civilian advisor to General Homma, drove along this highway and saw the dead bodies along the highway in such great numbers that he was prompted to ask General Homma about the situation. Murata testified that, ‘I merely saw it; I did not complain about it; I just asked questions.’ At San Fernando, the prisoners were crowded into railway freight cars to be transported to Camp O’Donnell.” [International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Chapter VIII: Conventional War Crimes (Atrocities)]

Victors of peace. Jan Thompson, president of the American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor Memorial Society, told a news conference in San Antonio, Texas last year that for many former prisoners of war, if Obama’s momentous visit to Hiroshima did not acknowledge the pain and suffering endured by all the victims, then his trip would only serve to further muddy the history of the war. [http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/05/22/national/politics-diplomacy/ex-pow-invited-accompany-obama-historic-hiroshima-visit/#.V0J3NSWXXw0]

Bakayaro! “The 1961 memoir, Tokyo saiban no shotai (The True Character of the Tokyo Trial) by Sugawara Yutaka, Araki Sadao’s lawyer, claimed that the Allies handed down seven death sentences to settle scores over seven wartime actions – Pearl Harbor, Singapore, Bataan and so on.” [Kirsten Sellars, “Imperfect Justice at Nuremberg and Tokyo,” The European Journal of International Law, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2011]

V is for valor. In their award-winning full-length documentary film (Manila 1945: The Rest of the Story), the producers (Peter Parsons and Lucky Guillermo) presented the surviving victims of the Battle for Manila who warned the postwar generations that if they forget those who lived on Bataan and Corregidor as well as in Manila and the rest of the Philippines, then those valiant men, women and children would have sacrificed uselessly. For example: Sgt. Jesus B. Delos Santos, 21st Division under the command of Col. Mateo B. Capinpin, was bayoneted and beaten on the 65-mile trek from Mariveles. His posthumous recognition as a World War II Hero was received in 2015 by his son, “who emulated his patriotism,” Lt. Gen. Jaime S. De Los Santos (Ret), former Commanding General of the Philippine Army.

Veneration without understanding? “On October 23, 1954, President Ramon D. Magsaysay, Sr. issued E.O. No. 77, which ordered ‘the remains of the war dead interred at the Bataan Memorial Cemetery, Bataan Province, and at other places in the Philippines, be transferred to, and reinterred at, the Republic Memorial Cemetery at Fort Wm Mckinley, Rizal Province’ so as to minimize the expenses for the maintenance and upkeep, and to make the remains accessible to the widows, parents, children, relatives, and friends.” [G.R. No. 225973]

Vade mecum. “Thanks to the nurses of Pearl Harbor, Bataan, and Corregidor, the profession has a place of honor in national esteem.” [Editorials, “A Three-point Program for ’43,” The American Journal of Nursing, Vol. 43, No. 1 (January 1943), pp. 1-3]

Vengeance. “There were two major reasons – Japan’s brutal conduct of the war and American desires to avoid the costly invasion – that largely explain Truman’s use of the atomic bomb. The first reason, Japan’s brutal conduct of the war, focuses on the rape of Nanjing, other massive atrocities against Asians, the ‘sneak’ attack on Pearl Harbor, the deadly Bataan death march, and other cruelties against Allied POWs.” [Barton J. Bernstein, “Truman and the A-Bomb: Targeting Noncombatants, Using the Bomb, and His Defending the ‘Decision’,” The Journal of Military History, Vol. 62, No. 3 (Jul., 1998), pp. 547-570]

Vagary. “MacArthur said, ‘If Bataan should fall, I’d consider joining the guerrillas myself’.” [Colonel Eugene C. Jacobs. Blood Brothers: A Medic’s Sketch Book. NY: Carlton Press, Inc., 1985, p. 21]

Vale of tears. “Officials in Washington knew about the Bataan Death March and other Japanese atrocities in the Philippines as early as mid 1943, but did not tell the public, or the families of the prisoners of war, until January 1944. Question: Should the government have withheld that information? Do the families of servicemen have an absolute right to know the fate and plight of their loved ones as soon as the government learns of it?” [Readers Guide to Norman’s Tears in the Darkness]

Valediction. “Percival’s preoccupation with pummeling the Japanese might also reveal an awareness on his part that the resistance of his army in the Malayan campaign and at Singapore was not the stirring stuff of the dour resistance of the Americans at Bataan and Corrigedor (sic)…” [Hamish Ion, “Brass Hats behind Bamboo Palisades: Senior Officer POWs in Singapore, Taiwan, and Manchukuo, 1942-45,” Canadian Journal of History, XLVI, Autumn 2011, pp. 303-331]

Back to the Peninsula. “We have captured BATAAN. The XI Corps landed elements of the 38th Division at MARIVELES on the morning of the 15th.” [G.H.Q. Southwest Pacific Area, Communique No. 1046, 17 February 1945]

Bataan 75th anniversary. Veterans of the USAFFE, defenders of Bataan and Corregidor, WW2 guerrillas of the Philippines, we salute you!
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