July 18, 2018, 5:05 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06864 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00897 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03439 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50824 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02516 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03326 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03738 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.56345 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03139 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.72248 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1282 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07195 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.282 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19138 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.13568 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03734 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02459 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.14969 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12502 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.37133 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.54401 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.76603 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4139 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.31714 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11919 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92375 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19884 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25015 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3334 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51037 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01599 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03902 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08949 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88526 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.36105 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13998 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87012 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14665 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44715 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11858 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25939 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1596 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.604 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06791 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27993 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.12671 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 807.13885 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0015 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.42478 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01324 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09923 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.87722 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27646 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.63072 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.88806 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.81929 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.08952 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01532 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.39993 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.01738 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.13493 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97982 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97197 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24762 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05697 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0116 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17688 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31088 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98075 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.55578 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.74846 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15104 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.63427 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6382 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29097 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.33283 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35287 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07569 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24767 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.69034 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58456 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15155 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04691 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02764 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06103 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06077 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.27135 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06898 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.5969 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06802 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07424 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1686 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.92992 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07008 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14699 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25089 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33555 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16567 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41499 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.24238 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.65221 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 391.8333 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16352 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.624 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24803 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62213 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04953 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04334 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.09042 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12621 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57118 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.3846 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.48981 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.93085 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58568 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.44945 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2236.96505 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.74192 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06036 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04858 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.48103 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05046 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.48103 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90563 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.66922 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24782 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 96.98187 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76322 Zimbabwe dollar

A tale of two tax tactics

Two distinct economies on both sides of the Pacific that had recently passed historic tax reform bills are opening 2018 in different ways and along starkly different attitudes. While both have been marketed as tax reform measures, each will be received in starkly different manners. One with apprehension and suspicion. The other, with welcome and perhaps even jubilation.

Immediately the impact of both will be felt albeit in varying degrees among each economy’s social classes depending on economic resiliencies as well as on the underlying rationale that the tax reform measures were originally founded against as proposed and advocated by both administrations and each of its distinct ruling parties. One will seem like a curse. The other will immediately accrue benefits to its constituencies.

We’ve only cursorily discussed the salient points of our domestic Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) bill before and compared it briefly with the tax reform bill authored by the Republican Party (Grand Old Party or GOP) under United States President Donald Trump.

In our neck of the woods, basically the Philippine TRAIN provides minimum wage earners some momentary relief by increasing the width of the tax exemption brackets where those at the minimum levels are granted tax reprieves while those at the higher levels shell out more. 

The other upsides of the TRAIN have to do with processes and the simplification of tax administration. There were some increases in taxes that would benefit society as a whole like those slapped on destructive enterprises such as mining. Other than those, however, the benefits to the greater public end all too quickly. The rest are compromises that pander to vested interests that range from moderate to severe burdens which negate pluses and yield to a tax regime more repressive than what had come before these mislabeled reforms.

For the most part, TRAIN is substantially a series of exponential multiplier taxes that catalyze government’s take.

In contrast, the US law on tax reform lowers business and individual tax rates, streamlines bureaucratic taxation processes and updates US international tax rules, generally and significantly overhauling a 30-year tax code. 

The new law establishes a single corporate tax rate of 21 percent regardless of net income. This repeals former minimum taxes and the current tax rate of 35 percent -- an embarrassing curse which should look familiar to Filipino businessmen as ours hovers at those astronomical levels. Tax rates between 30 percent and 35 percent are among the highest even for large developed economies. Imagine those inflicted on an agricultural economy. 

All told the new US tax rates situate the American tax structure below the European Union’s weighted average thus compelling American offshore businesses to relocate back home.

Of its impacts, the lowering of corporate taxes is especially significant and recent concessions granted by a number of US-based companies to their employees have shown its initial upsides. Already quite a significant number have granted their employees unexpected year-end bonuses, increases in wages and overall increased recruitment in anticipation of expansion. Take home pays are expected to rise further as economic inequity falls, while the significant slide in unemployment statistics is expected to increase within the next months. To validate, simply check the jobs data and the continuing historic highs on Wall Street.

Note that when values rise on Wall Street, corporate dependence on debt and general indebtedness fall thus leading to healthier balance sheets.

Moreover, one of the most significant reforms showing definitive improvement on US domestic jobs and American purchasing power is in the area of overseas taxation for US corporations.

The accounting impact alone is significant and is skewed to benefit American-based corporations. Prior to Trump’s tax reform initiative, American companies outside the US were taxed globally, where taxes due were deferred until earnings were actually repatriated. This loophole allowed those corporations to maintain funds offshore. Rather than benefit the US economy, these benefitted overseas host economies. 

To encourage repatriation, a one-off  “deemed repatriation” levy of 15.5 percent is now imposed on offshore earnings. Not only does this compel companies to remain US-based but this encourages corporations to stay American and hire Americans. Its positive impact on the American jobs market as well as on the welfare of the economy and the labor force is obvious.

On personal income taxes, note the across the board benefits compared to TRAIN’s take-home money impact due to simple re-bracketing or a change in income band width. In the US reform model, most rates actually fall significantly across all but two brackets.

Note the gambit and the radical differences between the American and Philippine tax reform measures. The Philippine model expands the income tax bandwidth specifically for minimum wage earners but imposes exponentially higher taxes on that sector by surrendering to vested business interests and slapping repressive excise taxes on value chain and economic multiplier products that impact negatively on those same minimum wage earners granted temporary if not illusory tax reprieves.

The American GOP model does the fundamental opposite. The lowering of taxes for corporations places the welfare burden on business interests and gives then adequate leeway to hire more and pay more. This generates much needed employment, leads to better wages and creates more equitable environments between labor and business.

The Keynesian differences are fundamental. Ours was driven by politics and vested interest. Theirs,  by public good.
 
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Column of the Day

Tearing down the house (Second of a series)

Jego Ragragio's picture
By Jego Ragragio | July 18,2018
‘The draft Federal Constitution is a clear example of tearing a house down in order to install a new door—where the new door goes into an existing door jamb. There’s barely anything new here, and the few things that are new, don’t actually need a constitutional amendment.’

Opinion of the Day

Heed this constitutional expert’s warning

Ellen Tordesillas's picture
By ELLEN TORDESILLAS | July 18, 2018
‘The critique of Gene Lacza Pilapil, assistant professor of Political Science at the University of the Philippines-Diliman, one of the resource persons, should warn us about the draft Federal Constitution produced by the Duterte-created Consultative Committee.’