January 20, 2018, 4:50 pm
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Statutes of limitation

THE Confederate States of America was the North American nation-state of 11 slave-holding states in 1861 to 1865; the imperialist United States of America of Alfred Thayer Mahan, jingoists and Albert Beveridge was similarly steeped in racism. In fact, the speech of Beveridge (“In Support of an American Empire”) began with: “The Philippines are ours forever, ‘territory belonging to the United States,’ as the Constitution calls them...We will not renounce our part in the mission of our race.”

“Senators must remember that we are not dealing with Americans or Europeans. We are dealing with Orientals. We are dealing with Orientals who are Malays.” [https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/ajb72.htm] “They are not capable of self-government. How could they be? They are not of a self-governing race. They are Orientals, Malays.” [Record, 56 Cong., I Sess., pp. 704-712]

Kansas, North Dakota and Oregon, among others, sent troops to the Pearl of the Orient who dismantled the Malolos Republic. As states in the Union and the American Republic in general, the imperialists waged a race war against the Filipino people. [http://apjjf.org/-Paul-A.-Kramer/1745/article.html] Their jingoism resulted in atrocities: “There were racial overtones to the actions of many US troops which may have allowed them to treat Filipinos with less or little regard to their humanity. Race was a consideration addressed in hearings in the US Congress as well...The Army had previously investigated some allegations of water cure use by US service men in the Philippines and, in 1902, concluded that some soldiers had used the water cure.” [http://www.vsb.org/docs/sections/military/water.pdf]

Fred D. Sweet of the Utah Light Battery: “The scene reminded me of the shooting of jack-rabbits in Utah, only the rabbits sometimes got away, but the insurgents did not.” Arthur Minkler of the Kansas Regiment: “It was like hunting rabbits; an insurgent would jump out of a hole or the brush and run; he would not get very far...We do not take prisoners. At least the Twentieth Kansas do not.” E.D. Furnam of the Washington Regiment: “We burned hundreds of houses and looted hundreds more.” Frank M. Erb of the Pennsylvania Regiment: “We have been in this nigger-fighting business now for 23 days.” [http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/58/]

Dixie and Yankee, they visited brutalities upon Rizal’s countrymen. How about the so-called buffalo soldiers? “The 9th and 10th Cavalry were sent to the Philippines as reinforcements, bringing all four Black regiments plus African American national guardsmen into the war against the Insurectos...Bishop Henry M. Turner characterized the venture in the Philippines as ‘an unholy war of conquest’. But many African Americans felt a good military showing by Black troops in the Philippines would reflect favorably and enhance their cause in the United States.” [https://www.nps.gov/prsf/learn/historyculture/the-philippine-insurrectio...

“It is quite time for the Negroes to quit claiming kindred with every black face from Hannibal down. Hannibal was no Negro, nor was Aguinaldo. We are to share in the glories or defeats of our country’s wars, that is patriotism pure and simple.” [“The Philippine War is No Race War,” Indianapolis Freeman, October 7, 1899; as cited in “The Philippine War – A Conflict of Conscience for African Americans,” website of the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior]

Given this background, we request forbearance for not fully understanding the mayhem that attended the campaigns in the American South to remove Confederate monuments. We read, for instance, that the City Of Charlottesville Blue Ribbon Commission on Race, Memorials, and Public Spaces Report to City Council of December 19, 2016 recommended: “moving the (Robert E. Lee) sculpture to McIntire Park and confronting its history there in a new context; or 2) confronting the sculpture in place by redesigning/transforming Lee Park.” [http://www.charlottesville.org/Home/ShowDocument?id=48999]

Confrontation over a statue? Yet 42 years ago, when U.S. President Gerald R. Ford signed Senate Joint Resolution 23, restoring posthumously the full rights of citizenship to General Robert E. Lee, he remarked: “Lee’s dedication to his native State of Virginia chartered his course for the bitter Civil War years, causing him to reluctantly resign from a distinguished career in the United States Army and to serve as General of the Army of Northern Virginia. He, thus, forfeited his rights to U.S. citizenship. Once the war was over, he firmly felt the wounds of the

North and South must be bound up. He sought to show by example that the citizens of the South must dedicate their efforts to rebuilding that region of the country as a strong and vital part of the American Union.”

“General Lee’s character has been an example to succeeding generations, making the restoration of his citizenship an event in which every American can take pride.” [https://fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/speeches/750473.htm]

As for the President of the Confederate States of America, U.S. Public Law 95-466, approved 17 October 1978, restored posthumously the full rights of citizenship to Jefferson Davis. For which, U.S. President Jimmy Carter remarked: “Our Nation needs to clear away the guilts and enmities and recriminations of the past, to finally set at rest the divisions that threatened to destroy our Nation and to discredit the principles on which it was founded. Our people need to turn their attention to the important tasks that still lie before us in establishing those principles for all people.” [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=29993]

Here in the Philippines, President Duterte said on the 34th death anniversary of Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino: “Through his words of wisdom, let us reflect on his life and realize that, indeed, the Filipino is worth dying for.” [http://cnnphilippines.com/news/2017/08/21/President-Duterte-message-on-N... There is a Ninoy Aquino Monument on Quezon and Timog Avenues in Quezon City occupying the spot where civilians stopped an armored personnel carrier from proceeding to the Channel 4 complex during the 1986 “people power revolution.” [http://www.malaya.com.ph/business-news/news/aquino-thanks-duterte-tribut... Quezon City, according to the City Government website, “pays homage to the heroes who fought for freedom, as well as built monuments and shrines depicting their extraordinary courage so that they shall continue to inspire and embolden others to bring honor and pride to our city and our country.” These symbols include the Bantayog ng mga Bayani, Our Lady of EDSA Shrine, People Power Monument, Cry of Pugad Lawin Shrine, Melchora Aquino Shrine, Boy Scouts Rotonda, and monuments for Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, President Manuel Quezon and General Licerio Geronimo – “the valiant Katipunero who defeated Gen. Henry Lawton in what came to be known as the Battle of Paye during the Philippine-American War.”

Incidentally, we have not forgotten that Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters wickedly desecrated the chapel of Malagakit village in Pigcawayan town in North Cotabato last June.
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