June 26, 2018, 1:04 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

The sliming of Sereno

The smiles are there. So is the apolitical professionalism that those who know her know only too well. However, her charm does not seem to be working. Even a complete nobody who would not know an ordinance from a statute galled up behind a microphone and brazenly declared her unfit to be chief justice. There is an institutional attempt to vilify her beyond reason.

Others treading dangerous ground and perhaps violating their Hippocratic Oath of Primum Non Nocere have purposely done her harm. Not with a scalpel but with a bladed instrument far deadlier – a gossip’s wagging tongue. They revealed to the untrained and un-qualified, technical results of confidential psychological examinations. A ploy designed to waft noxious inferences. 

The violation was unnecessary. It was not demanded by anybody that resembled a court of justice. Just by a bloodthirsty torch-bearing lynch mob organized to simply ferret out form and prima facie substance.

Discerning the truth shorn of the vicious hate campaign mirroring previous forays at impeaching the chief justice, all we see now is that she is, after all, like many of us, pretty much on the average, a real person given to fears, compelled to overcome those with attempts at felicity.

But that’s not an impeachable offense. 

Her colleagues and co-workers do not seem to like her. She appears un-empathetic, insensitive, and a tad too independent-minded and at times uncooperative in a collegial setting. Again analyze each accusation assuming they are true. Depending on surrounding circumstances, these might be strengths in a milieu where conspiracies exist, partisanships infect and subjectivity, too ethereal and fluid. Again, even if true, those also are not impeachable offenses. 

At the very genesis of Maria Lourdes Aranal-Sereno’s appointment as chief justice of the Supreme Court, one which controversy continues and where questions hound, why was traditional seniority not followed? Why were partisan considerations again allowed to infect the bureaucracy? The questions were valid. But again, those also are not in  the very short list of impeachable offenses against her. 

On the impeachment debate, if there is any doubt as to the agenda, motives and objectives of the House Committee on Justice as to its attitude towards the Supreme Court, then its calendar is a testament to where it lies.

At the final hours of the last day of hearings meant simply to determine form and prima facie substance what was scheduled were two expositions whose intentions seemed to shame the last remaining head of a democratic branch of a government fallen to creeping authoritarianism.

One was the question of discrepancies between taxes due and taxes paid. All throughout solons referred to discrepancies as violations and instances of tax evasion. Both are serious charges. As serious as both are, they require responses if only to live up to name of the committee under which charges are investigated. The committee calendar allowed for none.

Justice did not seem to matter. If it did, these lawmakers would have realized that numerical discrepancies neither prove tax evasion nor violations. 

It simply means that the sources of data do not reconcile. Where taxes are withheld by a state employer, the accountable agency for the discrepancy is the withholding entity not the taxpayer. More so where the discrepancy is due to value added taxes (VAT). When contracted by the state, VAT are withheld. These are not filed.

If the discrepancies were due to the calculation of VAT then the nature of VAT not only lends to a nebulous and debatable definition of what specific values added are subject to VAT, one infinitely important where professional legal services are involved, but also to corrective protocols where over- or under- payments of VAT are allowed. Neither tax evasion nor a violation can immediately be inferred.

The second had to do with the results of psychiatric tests.

The doctors who interpreted the results were especially invited by the Committee on Justice. Never mind that neither the issue of fitness is a requisite measure nor is it a ground for impeachment and thus not part of the original complaint.

Obviously the accuser had more brains to keep the issue out of his complaint than did the committee. 

Those test scores were neither required by a judicial proceeding in a legitimate court as statutes require nor were they arrayed against a comparative measure plotted on a normal curve. The first requires a real judge, not a gaggle of politicians playing judge and jury. The second requires plain decency.

Here we see the obvious – the impeachment complaint was merely a catalyst for a fishing expedition where political partisanship is simultaneously the alpha and omega of the exercise.

As the chief justice prepares for her eventual trial, she needs the support of everyone who still believes in justice and the ideals of democracy. What confronts her and threatens our democracy are not the typical insidious forces that nurture partisan politics.
It is more evil than that.
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