April 28, 2017, 12:59 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.49799 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30869 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02653 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04016 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.66265 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0362 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.12309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02795 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13795 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06279 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29719 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20691 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.00804 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04012 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02712 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01999 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.14779 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13823 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.61044 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.0492 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03795 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4955 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.5743 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13744 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94578 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18602 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28902 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36285 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45783 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01847 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04172 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0157 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08205 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88052 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 185.36145 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14727 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.10221 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15618 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46867 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13713 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33153 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.74598 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.38956 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29488 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.71486 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.34539 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16064 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5751 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20343 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06888 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34789 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.12048 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.2747 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.07229 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.75743 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0061 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01647 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25622 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.67872 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.25502 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.05723 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80723 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26094 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06122 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02828 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19886 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38584 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13153 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.04819 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.27309 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16089 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14859 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6994 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30622 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.41345 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37604 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08831 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.261 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.3253 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59056 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17162 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07129 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02861 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00772 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.065 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06586 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10141 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07841 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.69879 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08354 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11942 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43896 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07529 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15744 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27046 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13372 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17781 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02796 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.5984 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98394 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 452.80121 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17514 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34096 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26104 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68916 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05006 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04645 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07169 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13453 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60745 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.77912 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53434 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.53012 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57068 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 74.29719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2003 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.10443 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17892 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0517 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.11064 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05422 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.18876 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19137 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01908 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26099 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.20683 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26707 Zimbabwe dollar

Sexually transmitted diseases

IT is quite alarming that forty-five to fifty percent of men and women in the United States have HPV – genital Human Papillomavirus – infection. This information was recently reported by the Center for Disease Control’s National Center for Health. It is, indeed, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the country. Here are the details, which are conservative statistics since this does not include institutionalized higher risk individuals, like prisoners, addicts, and the homeless:

 “Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2014, researchers found the following:

• Oral HPV prevalence was 7% for adults under age 70. The prevalence of high-risk oral HPV was just 4%.
• For adults under age 60, the prevalence of genital HPV was 43% in 2013 to 2014. It reached 64% among black adults. Non-Hispanic Asian adults had the lowest prevalence at 24%.

Roughly 23% of adults had high-risk genital HPV, with the highest prevalence among black males (40%).

HPV and cancer
There are more than 108 different types of genital HPV, more than 30 of these are sexually transmitted, causing infection involving the skin of the penis, vagina (vulva), cervix, and even the anus and rectum. 

US government statistics show that 25 percent of men and 20 percent of women have the strain of human papilloma virus or human wart (virus) that causes cancer. To protect individuals who are 25 and younger from acquiring this HPV-related cancer, the vaccine listed below is available today.

Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is malignant tumor of the cervix (mouth of the womb). It is the second most cancer in women and the third most common gynecologic cancer, the second being cancer of the ovary. The most common gynecologic malignancy is endometrial (inner wall of womb) cancer, which is the fourth most common cancer in women. The first being cancer of the breasts, followed by colorectal cancer and lung cancer. Cervical cancer develops in women at the mean age of 50 years old, although it can occur in women as young as 20. In the Philippines it is the number 2 most common form of cancer among women. In the United States it accounts for least 3000 deaths, and globally, about 300,000, annually.

How prevalent is cervical cancer?
More than 20 million of Americans have HPV infection. In the Philippines, there are about 5000 new cases of cervical cancer each year. By age 50, about 80 percent of American women will have acquired genital HPV. However, more alarming than that is the fact that there are between 10,000 to 25,000 women walking around (not seen by physician) who have undiagnosed pre-invasive lesions in their cervix. If diagnosed early, these women could be saved. For every four survivors of breasts cancer, there are less than 3 women who survive cervical cancer, which shows how virulent cervical cancer is.

What causes cervical cancer?
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV, also known as genital herpes virus) accounts for most, if not all, cervical cancers. At least 50% of sexually active men and women are infected with genital HPV, especially those with multiple partners. There are about 20 million American men and women infected with HPV, many linked with abnormal pap tests, genital warts and cervical cancer. It is estimated more than 10,000 new cases of cervical cancers are discovered annually. Between half a million to a million Americans have genital warts, transmitted thru sexual contacts. The so-called high risk HPV may cause positive Pap test, and it could cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus or rectum. The low-risk , milder form, causes single or multiple bumps of genital warts (kulugo) and could be cauliflower shaped.

The cure for cervical cancer
Better than the cure! A vaccine that prevents cervical cancer has been in use since it was introduced in June 2006 and found to be “effective 100%, in the short term, at blocking the cancer and lesions likely to turn to cancer” (like the pre-invasive lesions), according to drug manufacturer, Merck & Co.

The vaccines, which are genetically engineered, Gardasil and Cervarix, which block infection caused by two of the more than 108 types of human papilloma virus (HPV), strains 16 and 18. These two sexually transmitted viruses are responsible for about 70% of cervical cancers. HPV, in one form or the other. The other strains of the virus cause painful genital warts, and sometimes, cervical cancers too. The newer versions of these vaccines are effective for more strains of HPV.

How early should the vaccine be given?
Students in grammar school, middle school and high school should be vaccinated before they become sexually active, because once they catch HPV infection, there is no cure; herpes is for life. This was the recommendation of Dr. Gloria Bachmann, director of The Women’s Health Institute at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in Brunswick, NJ., who said this vaccine is a “phenomenal breakthrough. This is, today, the standard of care.

Can oral sex cause cancer?
The most common cause (70 percent) of throat cancer is oral sex with a partner who has active HPV infection. About 4 percent of adults who practice oral sex will have oral infection with a high-risk form of cancer-causing HPV. Experts say head and neck cancer will surpass cervical cancer as the most common cause of HPV-related cancer by 2020. Without being flippant, the use of seran wrap or plastic film to cover the female pelvis (similar to the use of condom for males), if oral sex is to be practiced at all, could be of some protection against HPV contamination. However, the CDC review of 138 peer-reviewed scientific studies showed that the use of condom is not effective in reducing the risk of STDs. Out of 100 women who used condom religiously, 37 of them still developed HPV. At least 1 percent of condoms are defective.

Syphilis higher among homosexuals
While society regards syphilis as an STD of the past, it is actually still very much with us, domestically and globally. Rarer than it was a century ago, syphilis remains a much dreaded disease.

Men who have sex with men have much higher rates of syphilis infection, according to a study. The rate is 106 times more than the rate of syphilis among heterosexual men, and 167 times higher than the rate of infection among women.

Homosexuals had a rate of 309 cases per 100,000 population for a primary and secondary syphilis, compared to 2.9 and 1.8 cases per 100,000 for heterosexual men and women, respectively. The region with the highest rates are located in the Southern region, with a rate of 748 per 100,000 in North Carolina.

This may sound like over simplification and quite obvious, but the best way, the surest way, to prevent getting any sexually transmitted diseases is not to have sexual contact with someone infected, or possibly infected, with HPV/HIV/Syphilis/Gonorrhea.

***

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