August 23, 2017, 12:48 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07147 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19187 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03469 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02451 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03464 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03892 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5756 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03242 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.60051 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13349 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06121 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19907 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 389.56996 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03888 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01877 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.5721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12979 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.11442 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.13232 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82448 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43076 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44814 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91224 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25874 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45257 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01654 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03921 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0151 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08543 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.07628 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14152 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97957 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15221 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45349 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12172 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20354 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01888 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 259.9533 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07033 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.7087 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 640.80562 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08893 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47247 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12376 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00234 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33721 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.92995 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.16852 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.51314 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.14964 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01596 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.48297 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.09555 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.29364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98307 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22611 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26095 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05932 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01208 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1842 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34588 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01323 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.52267 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.3633 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15677 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02471 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64623 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30142 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.93073 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34414 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08344 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1006 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58844 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1538 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99066 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00749 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06301 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06168 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0504 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.34793 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07605 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14343 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.06149 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1508 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26075 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15772 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43211 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.94279 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.8776 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.39601 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17027 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.02102 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25583 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64604 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04749 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04262 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06846 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58973 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.43258 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49523 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.99416 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55517 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 80.17124 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19409 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 442.24558 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01985 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04832 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.84141 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05254 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76455 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95213 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.86379 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25581 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.98268 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.04223 Zimbabwe dollar

Sexually transmitted diseases

IT is quite alarming that forty-five to fifty percent of men and women in the United States have HPV – genital Human Papillomavirus – infection. This information was recently reported by the Center for Disease Control’s National Center for Health. It is, indeed, the most common sexually transmitted disease in the country. Here are the details, which are conservative statistics since this does not include institutionalized higher risk individuals, like prisoners, addicts, and the homeless:

 “Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2014, researchers found the following:

• Oral HPV prevalence was 7% for adults under age 70. The prevalence of high-risk oral HPV was just 4%.
• For adults under age 60, the prevalence of genital HPV was 43% in 2013 to 2014. It reached 64% among black adults. Non-Hispanic Asian adults had the lowest prevalence at 24%.

Roughly 23% of adults had high-risk genital HPV, with the highest prevalence among black males (40%).

HPV and cancer
There are more than 108 different types of genital HPV, more than 30 of these are sexually transmitted, causing infection involving the skin of the penis, vagina (vulva), cervix, and even the anus and rectum. 

US government statistics show that 25 percent of men and 20 percent of women have the strain of human papilloma virus or human wart (virus) that causes cancer. To protect individuals who are 25 and younger from acquiring this HPV-related cancer, the vaccine listed below is available today.

Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is malignant tumor of the cervix (mouth of the womb). It is the second most cancer in women and the third most common gynecologic cancer, the second being cancer of the ovary. The most common gynecologic malignancy is endometrial (inner wall of womb) cancer, which is the fourth most common cancer in women. The first being cancer of the breasts, followed by colorectal cancer and lung cancer. Cervical cancer develops in women at the mean age of 50 years old, although it can occur in women as young as 20. In the Philippines it is the number 2 most common form of cancer among women. In the United States it accounts for least 3000 deaths, and globally, about 300,000, annually.

How prevalent is cervical cancer?
More than 20 million of Americans have HPV infection. In the Philippines, there are about 5000 new cases of cervical cancer each year. By age 50, about 80 percent of American women will have acquired genital HPV. However, more alarming than that is the fact that there are between 10,000 to 25,000 women walking around (not seen by physician) who have undiagnosed pre-invasive lesions in their cervix. If diagnosed early, these women could be saved. For every four survivors of breasts cancer, there are less than 3 women who survive cervical cancer, which shows how virulent cervical cancer is.

What causes cervical cancer?
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV, also known as genital herpes virus) accounts for most, if not all, cervical cancers. At least 50% of sexually active men and women are infected with genital HPV, especially those with multiple partners. There are about 20 million American men and women infected with HPV, many linked with abnormal pap tests, genital warts and cervical cancer. It is estimated more than 10,000 new cases of cervical cancers are discovered annually. Between half a million to a million Americans have genital warts, transmitted thru sexual contacts. The so-called high risk HPV may cause positive Pap test, and it could cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus or rectum. The low-risk , milder form, causes single or multiple bumps of genital warts (kulugo) and could be cauliflower shaped.

The cure for cervical cancer
Better than the cure! A vaccine that prevents cervical cancer has been in use since it was introduced in June 2006 and found to be “effective 100%, in the short term, at blocking the cancer and lesions likely to turn to cancer” (like the pre-invasive lesions), according to drug manufacturer, Merck & Co.

The vaccines, which are genetically engineered, Gardasil and Cervarix, which block infection caused by two of the more than 108 types of human papilloma virus (HPV), strains 16 and 18. These two sexually transmitted viruses are responsible for about 70% of cervical cancers. HPV, in one form or the other. The other strains of the virus cause painful genital warts, and sometimes, cervical cancers too. The newer versions of these vaccines are effective for more strains of HPV.

How early should the vaccine be given?
Students in grammar school, middle school and high school should be vaccinated before they become sexually active, because once they catch HPV infection, there is no cure; herpes is for life. This was the recommendation of Dr. Gloria Bachmann, director of The Women’s Health Institute at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in Brunswick, NJ., who said this vaccine is a “phenomenal breakthrough. This is, today, the standard of care.

Can oral sex cause cancer?
The most common cause (70 percent) of throat cancer is oral sex with a partner who has active HPV infection. About 4 percent of adults who practice oral sex will have oral infection with a high-risk form of cancer-causing HPV. Experts say head and neck cancer will surpass cervical cancer as the most common cause of HPV-related cancer by 2020. Without being flippant, the use of seran wrap or plastic film to cover the female pelvis (similar to the use of condom for males), if oral sex is to be practiced at all, could be of some protection against HPV contamination. However, the CDC review of 138 peer-reviewed scientific studies showed that the use of condom is not effective in reducing the risk of STDs. Out of 100 women who used condom religiously, 37 of them still developed HPV. At least 1 percent of condoms are defective.

Syphilis higher among homosexuals
While society regards syphilis as an STD of the past, it is actually still very much with us, domestically and globally. Rarer than it was a century ago, syphilis remains a much dreaded disease.

Men who have sex with men have much higher rates of syphilis infection, according to a study. The rate is 106 times more than the rate of syphilis among heterosexual men, and 167 times higher than the rate of infection among women.

Homosexuals had a rate of 309 cases per 100,000 population for a primary and secondary syphilis, compared to 2.9 and 1.8 cases per 100,000 for heterosexual men and women, respectively. The region with the highest rates are located in the Southern region, with a rate of 748 per 100,000 in North Carolina.

This may sound like over simplification and quite obvious, but the best way, the surest way, to prevent getting any sexually transmitted diseases is not to have sexual contact with someone infected, or possibly infected, with HPV/HIV/Syphilis/Gonorrhea.

***

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