July 19, 2018, 7:41 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

Revolutionary government

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Roa Duterte aka Digong has vowed to quit the presidency if an amended Constitution could be crafted that would be “inclusive”, “improve everything” and approved by the people in a referendum.
That’s a tall order, but assuming such a basic law is attainable, I do not believe at all that Digong quitting his post would be a desirable next move – unless the present constitutional provisions on succession is revised as well.
Otherwise, what would happen? The current vice president whose election is under protest will take over. I do not think the Filipino people would want that for reasons known to one and all.
Of course, it would be a different story if what Digong meant by an “inclusive” and “improve everything” Constitution is one that would adopt a federal system of government.
The question is how do we go about revising the Constitution? 
Digong has indicated he is not inclined to having it done through a constitutional convention. 
However, a recent survey showed more people would rather have a constitutional convention with members elected by them, rather than a constituent assembly which will be comprised of the present members of Congress.
I’m afraid that speaks volumes about how the people regard members of Congress.
As far as I know, Digong has not expressed preference for a constituent assembly.

CONSTITUENT
ASSEMBLY

Last week, Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said he wants the two houses of Congress convened as a Constituent Assembly next month to change to a federal system of government.
Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III promptly agreed with Alvarez’ proposal “but we have to agree at this time about the model we will push”.
Alvarez also said he would support calls by Digong’s supporters to form a “revolutionary government if opponents keep on blocking the President’s agenda”.
 “This is not new. If you will recall during the campaign period, (the revolutionary government) has already been pushed by President Duterte. He said that he will do real change to our country and if he cannot do it because of outside factors then he has the option of establishing a revolutionary government,” Alvarez said.
 “He won and the masses gave him this mandate so this means that they are all agreeing with his proposal during the campaign period,” he added.
The assumption is that the Congress would be abolished under a revolutionary government. Alvarez said he would then happily step down (will he have a choice?) “for the sake of change”.

REVOLUTIONARY
GOVERNMENT

I personally am wary about having a revolutionary government. But I am not totally averse to it – provided the situation in the country demands it and it is for a specific and reasonable, repeat, reasonable period, i.e., up to the time when the ills that plague the government and society in general would have been effectively addressed.
I realize that complying with the proviso on the duration of the revolutionary government would be very difficult to guarantee, but I think it is a risk worth taking. 
Needless to say, abuses by the leader, his cronies, the armed forces and the police should be avoided at all times.
Let us not forget the old adage: “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.

SERENO IMPEACHMENT

Chief Justice Lourdes Sereno who is facing an impeachment complaint insists she is not resigning because “nakakahiya po kay Andres Bonifacio o Emilio Jacinto”.
Huh? I don’t understand. There appears to be a disconnect there somewhere. The two heroes were fighting for independence from Spain. She is facing impeachment on charges that appear to be compellingly valid.
Could it possibly have something to do with her psychiatric make up? 
According to the two psychiatrists, Dr. Dulce Lizza Sahagun-Reyes and Dr. Genuina C. Ranoy and the two psychologists of the Judicial and Bar Council (JBC) who examined her when she was nominated as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sereno received a rating of 4. 
On a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the lowest, a grade of 4 means: “The negative defenses are predominantly present that may reflect in a clinical observation as difficulty in adaptive functions in several areas of the person’s life.”
Sereno who, as Chief Justice chairs the JBC, reportedly has since removed the two doctors from the Council’s list of regular psychiatrists.
The JBC supposedly considers a grade of 4 means “not recommended”, yet the Council recommended Sereno’s inclusion in the list of aspirants to the post of chief magistrate. Go figure.
Two members of the JBC at the time who voted in favor of Sereno were Senator Francis Escudero and Congressman Neil Tupas, Jr. Perhaps they can shed some light on the matter.

SERENO’S MISSING SALNs

Everybody knows that what did the late Chief Justice Renato Corona in was his Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Networth (SALN). He did not include his dollar account in it.
Now, it is reported that Sereno’s SALNs for the years 2001 and 2003-2009 are missing from her 201 files in the University of the Philippines where she was working before being appointed as an associate justice in the high tribunal. Could there be something in those missing SALNs that’s relevant to her case?
The person in charge of the Human Resources Department in UP said her predecessor might have turned over the missing SALNs to the Ombudsman as is usually done yearly.
The chair of the Congress committee hearing Sereno’s case has since requested the Ombudsman for copies of the subject-SALNs.
I wouldn’t be surprised if Ombudsman Conchita Morales either denies the request or simply says she doesn’t have the SALNs.

SWEDISH MEDDLING

Another foreign “pakialamero” blew into town recently ostensibly to improve bilateral trade between Sweden and the Philippines.
However, his position in his government was a dead giveaway as to the real purpose of his visit.
Swedish Deputy minister of trade and European Union affairs, Oscar Stenstrom, said in an interview with the Philippine Star:
“I have raised the issues of human rights, about the possible reintroduction of capital punishment. The questions on human rights and especially how law enforcement has been conducting the war on drugs concern us. It’s an issue which I brought up with the government of the Philippines.”
I have no idea how Foreign Undersecretary Enrique Manalo and Trade Secretary Ramon Lopez responded to Stenstrom. I hope they gave him a mouthful of Digong’s tirade against the European Union and other foreign meddlers.
Incidentally, I would like to reiterate my suggestion that visiting foreign government officials should only be received by their counterparts in every department they visit, as Usec. Manalo has done. Perhaps, the DFA could issue a circular to this effect.
***
Today is the 215th day of the eleventh year of the enforced disappearance of Jonas Burgos, son of the late press icon and founder of this newspaper.
After the acquittal of Major Harry Baliaga, Jr., the only person formally charged with Jonas’ kidnapping, I guess what happens next is now up to Divine Providence.
***
From an internet friend:
Three explorers became lost in the jungle and wandered for days with no food and little water... 
One day, just as they were finally about to give up, they crawled into a clearing and there right in front of them stood a Cannibal’s restaurant. Out front near the entrance was a large menu board. With the little energy they had left, they dragged themselves across the clearing and looked up to see the following menu: Marinated missionary - $7.99; Roast Lion Hunter - $12.00; Steamed Politician - $198.50.
They struggled into the establishment, dragged themselves to a table, and a waiter came to take their order. Before they ordered, one of the explorers asked the waiter, “Can you help me understand your menu? The first two items are priced about the same, but the third item, the politician, is priced so much higher. Why is that?” 


“Are you kidding?” replied the waiter. “Did you ever try to CLEAN one of those suckers?”
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