December 12, 2017, 8:03 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07286 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.2371 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03532 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34185 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02619 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03532 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03968 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.64127 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0329 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00748 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.73174 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01984 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0268 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13611 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06556 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01984 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27679 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20509 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 397.22221 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03964 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02545 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01965 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.01091 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13129 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 59.76786 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.15079 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01984 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.85774 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43159 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.50853 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12539 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95833 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.2829 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26354 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35337 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53936 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01684 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04169 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01486 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01487 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08926 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93552 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 178.63095 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14558 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.02202 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1549 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46552 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12694 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24167 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.29563 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.1865 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07009 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27806 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.49306 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 705.13886 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06944 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47282 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01405 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.25091 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04067 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.38333 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.98016 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.15476 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.85714 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.5879 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00599 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01627 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64028 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.68253 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.98016 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0371 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.48373 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26984 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06049 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01231 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02708 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18758 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34038 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.03175 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.00397 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.25754 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15954 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.97619 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.67083 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30893 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.20853 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37825 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08082 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26978 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.06349 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60937 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16524 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0454 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02854 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00763 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01984 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06416 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06375 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16171 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.49603 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07223 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07805 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16704 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.57698 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0744 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15376 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26488 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13228 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16689 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02681 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01487 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4406 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 151.38888 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.05159 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 412.7976 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17361 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.21786 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26978 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64663 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0499 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04555 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07593 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13154 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59567 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.30555 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53914 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.66666 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01984 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57401 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.53571 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19792 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 450.57538 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11786 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05142 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.04186 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05357 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.51528 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99881 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.95933 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26986 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.96627 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18056 Zimbabwe dollar

Revolutionary government

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Roa Duterte aka Digong has vowed to quit the presidency if an amended Constitution could be crafted that would be “inclusive”, “improve everything” and approved by the people in a referendum.
That’s a tall order, but assuming such a basic law is attainable, I do not believe at all that Digong quitting his post would be a desirable next move – unless the present constitutional provisions on succession is revised as well.
Otherwise, what would happen? The current vice president whose election is under protest will take over. I do not think the Filipino people would want that for reasons known to one and all.
Of course, it would be a different story if what Digong meant by an “inclusive” and “improve everything” Constitution is one that would adopt a federal system of government.
The question is how do we go about revising the Constitution? 
Digong has indicated he is not inclined to having it done through a constitutional convention. 
However, a recent survey showed more people would rather have a constitutional convention with members elected by them, rather than a constituent assembly which will be comprised of the present members of Congress.
I’m afraid that speaks volumes about how the people regard members of Congress.
As far as I know, Digong has not expressed preference for a constituent assembly.

CONSTITUENT
ASSEMBLY

Last week, Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said he wants the two houses of Congress convened as a Constituent Assembly next month to change to a federal system of government.
Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III promptly agreed with Alvarez’ proposal “but we have to agree at this time about the model we will push”.
Alvarez also said he would support calls by Digong’s supporters to form a “revolutionary government if opponents keep on blocking the President’s agenda”.
 “This is not new. If you will recall during the campaign period, (the revolutionary government) has already been pushed by President Duterte. He said that he will do real change to our country and if he cannot do it because of outside factors then he has the option of establishing a revolutionary government,” Alvarez said.
 “He won and the masses gave him this mandate so this means that they are all agreeing with his proposal during the campaign period,” he added.
The assumption is that the Congress would be abolished under a revolutionary government. Alvarez said he would then happily step down (will he have a choice?) “for the sake of change”.

REVOLUTIONARY
GOVERNMENT

I personally am wary about having a revolutionary government. But I am not totally averse to it – provided the situation in the country demands it and it is for a specific and reasonable, repeat, reasonable period, i.e., up to the time when the ills that plague the government and society in general would have been effectively addressed.
I realize that complying with the proviso on the duration of the revolutionary government would be very difficult to guarantee, but I think it is a risk worth taking. 
Needless to say, abuses by the leader, his cronies, the armed forces and the police should be avoided at all times.
Let us not forget the old adage: “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.

SERENO IMPEACHMENT

Chief Justice Lourdes Sereno who is facing an impeachment complaint insists she is not resigning because “nakakahiya po kay Andres Bonifacio o Emilio Jacinto”.
Huh? I don’t understand. There appears to be a disconnect there somewhere. The two heroes were fighting for independence from Spain. She is facing impeachment on charges that appear to be compellingly valid.
Could it possibly have something to do with her psychiatric make up? 
According to the two psychiatrists, Dr. Dulce Lizza Sahagun-Reyes and Dr. Genuina C. Ranoy and the two psychologists of the Judicial and Bar Council (JBC) who examined her when she was nominated as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sereno received a rating of 4. 
On a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the lowest, a grade of 4 means: “The negative defenses are predominantly present that may reflect in a clinical observation as difficulty in adaptive functions in several areas of the person’s life.”
Sereno who, as Chief Justice chairs the JBC, reportedly has since removed the two doctors from the Council’s list of regular psychiatrists.
The JBC supposedly considers a grade of 4 means “not recommended”, yet the Council recommended Sereno’s inclusion in the list of aspirants to the post of chief magistrate. Go figure.
Two members of the JBC at the time who voted in favor of Sereno were Senator Francis Escudero and Congressman Neil Tupas, Jr. Perhaps they can shed some light on the matter.

SERENO’S MISSING SALNs

Everybody knows that what did the late Chief Justice Renato Corona in was his Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Networth (SALN). He did not include his dollar account in it.
Now, it is reported that Sereno’s SALNs for the years 2001 and 2003-2009 are missing from her 201 files in the University of the Philippines where she was working before being appointed as an associate justice in the high tribunal. Could there be something in those missing SALNs that’s relevant to her case?
The person in charge of the Human Resources Department in UP said her predecessor might have turned over the missing SALNs to the Ombudsman as is usually done yearly.
The chair of the Congress committee hearing Sereno’s case has since requested the Ombudsman for copies of the subject-SALNs.
I wouldn’t be surprised if Ombudsman Conchita Morales either denies the request or simply says she doesn’t have the SALNs.

SWEDISH MEDDLING

Another foreign “pakialamero” blew into town recently ostensibly to improve bilateral trade between Sweden and the Philippines.
However, his position in his government was a dead giveaway as to the real purpose of his visit.
Swedish Deputy minister of trade and European Union affairs, Oscar Stenstrom, said in an interview with the Philippine Star:
“I have raised the issues of human rights, about the possible reintroduction of capital punishment. The questions on human rights and especially how law enforcement has been conducting the war on drugs concern us. It’s an issue which I brought up with the government of the Philippines.”
I have no idea how Foreign Undersecretary Enrique Manalo and Trade Secretary Ramon Lopez responded to Stenstrom. I hope they gave him a mouthful of Digong’s tirade against the European Union and other foreign meddlers.
Incidentally, I would like to reiterate my suggestion that visiting foreign government officials should only be received by their counterparts in every department they visit, as Usec. Manalo has done. Perhaps, the DFA could issue a circular to this effect.
***
Today is the 215th day of the eleventh year of the enforced disappearance of Jonas Burgos, son of the late press icon and founder of this newspaper.
After the acquittal of Major Harry Baliaga, Jr., the only person formally charged with Jonas’ kidnapping, I guess what happens next is now up to Divine Providence.
***
From an internet friend:
Three explorers became lost in the jungle and wandered for days with no food and little water... 
One day, just as they were finally about to give up, they crawled into a clearing and there right in front of them stood a Cannibal’s restaurant. Out front near the entrance was a large menu board. With the little energy they had left, they dragged themselves across the clearing and looked up to see the following menu: Marinated missionary - $7.99; Roast Lion Hunter - $12.00; Steamed Politician - $198.50.
They struggled into the establishment, dragged themselves to a table, and a waiter came to take their order. Before they ordered, one of the explorers asked the waiter, “Can you help me understand your menu? The first two items are priced about the same, but the third item, the politician, is priced so much higher. Why is that?” 


“Are you kidding?” replied the waiter. “Did you ever try to CLEAN one of those suckers?”
Rating: 
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Column of the Day

The Silence breakers

By ABIGAIL VALTE | December 12,2017
‘There are still thousands who cannot afford to come out and stand against these monsters without risking the fragile fabric of their lives.’

Opinion of the Day

Duplicity

By REY O. ARCILLA | December 12, 2017
‘Today, President Digong brought us to a position where we can stand tall as an independent country, with our dignity back and not the lapdog of anyone. – Gen. Sotelo’