June 25, 2018, 3:56 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Revolutionary government

PRESIDENT Rodrigo Roa Duterte aka Digong has vowed to quit the presidency if an amended Constitution could be crafted that would be “inclusive”, “improve everything” and approved by the people in a referendum.
That’s a tall order, but assuming such a basic law is attainable, I do not believe at all that Digong quitting his post would be a desirable next move – unless the present constitutional provisions on succession is revised as well.
Otherwise, what would happen? The current vice president whose election is under protest will take over. I do not think the Filipino people would want that for reasons known to one and all.
Of course, it would be a different story if what Digong meant by an “inclusive” and “improve everything” Constitution is one that would adopt a federal system of government.
The question is how do we go about revising the Constitution? 
Digong has indicated he is not inclined to having it done through a constitutional convention. 
However, a recent survey showed more people would rather have a constitutional convention with members elected by them, rather than a constituent assembly which will be comprised of the present members of Congress.
I’m afraid that speaks volumes about how the people regard members of Congress.
As far as I know, Digong has not expressed preference for a constituent assembly.

CONSTITUENT
ASSEMBLY

Last week, Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said he wants the two houses of Congress convened as a Constituent Assembly next month to change to a federal system of government.
Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III promptly agreed with Alvarez’ proposal “but we have to agree at this time about the model we will push”.
Alvarez also said he would support calls by Digong’s supporters to form a “revolutionary government if opponents keep on blocking the President’s agenda”.
 “This is not new. If you will recall during the campaign period, (the revolutionary government) has already been pushed by President Duterte. He said that he will do real change to our country and if he cannot do it because of outside factors then he has the option of establishing a revolutionary government,” Alvarez said.
 “He won and the masses gave him this mandate so this means that they are all agreeing with his proposal during the campaign period,” he added.
The assumption is that the Congress would be abolished under a revolutionary government. Alvarez said he would then happily step down (will he have a choice?) “for the sake of change”.

REVOLUTIONARY
GOVERNMENT

I personally am wary about having a revolutionary government. But I am not totally averse to it – provided the situation in the country demands it and it is for a specific and reasonable, repeat, reasonable period, i.e., up to the time when the ills that plague the government and society in general would have been effectively addressed.
I realize that complying with the proviso on the duration of the revolutionary government would be very difficult to guarantee, but I think it is a risk worth taking. 
Needless to say, abuses by the leader, his cronies, the armed forces and the police should be avoided at all times.
Let us not forget the old adage: “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.

SERENO IMPEACHMENT

Chief Justice Lourdes Sereno who is facing an impeachment complaint insists she is not resigning because “nakakahiya po kay Andres Bonifacio o Emilio Jacinto”.
Huh? I don’t understand. There appears to be a disconnect there somewhere. The two heroes were fighting for independence from Spain. She is facing impeachment on charges that appear to be compellingly valid.
Could it possibly have something to do with her psychiatric make up? 
According to the two psychiatrists, Dr. Dulce Lizza Sahagun-Reyes and Dr. Genuina C. Ranoy and the two psychologists of the Judicial and Bar Council (JBC) who examined her when she was nominated as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sereno received a rating of 4. 
On a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the lowest, a grade of 4 means: “The negative defenses are predominantly present that may reflect in a clinical observation as difficulty in adaptive functions in several areas of the person’s life.”
Sereno who, as Chief Justice chairs the JBC, reportedly has since removed the two doctors from the Council’s list of regular psychiatrists.
The JBC supposedly considers a grade of 4 means “not recommended”, yet the Council recommended Sereno’s inclusion in the list of aspirants to the post of chief magistrate. Go figure.
Two members of the JBC at the time who voted in favor of Sereno were Senator Francis Escudero and Congressman Neil Tupas, Jr. Perhaps they can shed some light on the matter.

SERENO’S MISSING SALNs

Everybody knows that what did the late Chief Justice Renato Corona in was his Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Networth (SALN). He did not include his dollar account in it.
Now, it is reported that Sereno’s SALNs for the years 2001 and 2003-2009 are missing from her 201 files in the University of the Philippines where she was working before being appointed as an associate justice in the high tribunal. Could there be something in those missing SALNs that’s relevant to her case?
The person in charge of the Human Resources Department in UP said her predecessor might have turned over the missing SALNs to the Ombudsman as is usually done yearly.
The chair of the Congress committee hearing Sereno’s case has since requested the Ombudsman for copies of the subject-SALNs.
I wouldn’t be surprised if Ombudsman Conchita Morales either denies the request or simply says she doesn’t have the SALNs.

SWEDISH MEDDLING

Another foreign “pakialamero” blew into town recently ostensibly to improve bilateral trade between Sweden and the Philippines.
However, his position in his government was a dead giveaway as to the real purpose of his visit.
Swedish Deputy minister of trade and European Union affairs, Oscar Stenstrom, said in an interview with the Philippine Star:
“I have raised the issues of human rights, about the possible reintroduction of capital punishment. The questions on human rights and especially how law enforcement has been conducting the war on drugs concern us. It’s an issue which I brought up with the government of the Philippines.”
I have no idea how Foreign Undersecretary Enrique Manalo and Trade Secretary Ramon Lopez responded to Stenstrom. I hope they gave him a mouthful of Digong’s tirade against the European Union and other foreign meddlers.
Incidentally, I would like to reiterate my suggestion that visiting foreign government officials should only be received by their counterparts in every department they visit, as Usec. Manalo has done. Perhaps, the DFA could issue a circular to this effect.
***
Today is the 215th day of the eleventh year of the enforced disappearance of Jonas Burgos, son of the late press icon and founder of this newspaper.
After the acquittal of Major Harry Baliaga, Jr., the only person formally charged with Jonas’ kidnapping, I guess what happens next is now up to Divine Providence.
***
From an internet friend:
Three explorers became lost in the jungle and wandered for days with no food and little water... 
One day, just as they were finally about to give up, they crawled into a clearing and there right in front of them stood a Cannibal’s restaurant. Out front near the entrance was a large menu board. With the little energy they had left, they dragged themselves across the clearing and looked up to see the following menu: Marinated missionary - $7.99; Roast Lion Hunter - $12.00; Steamed Politician - $198.50.
They struggled into the establishment, dragged themselves to a table, and a waiter came to take their order. Before they ordered, one of the explorers asked the waiter, “Can you help me understand your menu? The first two items are priced about the same, but the third item, the politician, is priced so much higher. Why is that?” 


“Are you kidding?” replied the waiter. “Did you ever try to CLEAN one of those suckers?”
Rating: 
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