September 20, 2017, 7:20 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07179 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17553 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03474 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33168 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02434 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03495 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03909 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57584 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03196 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00736 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.8794 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02626 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13468 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06076 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25293 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19814 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 391.32134 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03905 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02381 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.19703 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12797 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.56763 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.20407 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80414 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42683 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.47146 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12175 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92005 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16386 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25592 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3448 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45563 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01636 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0398 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0144 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01438 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08637 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87373 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.19859 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14252 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.99648 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15278 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45582 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12205 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20133 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.05786 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 258.65911 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06872 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25233 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.81079 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 654.02658 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07584 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54613 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01384 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17369 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00743 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34064 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.2025 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.08053 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.59187 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.0045 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00588 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01603 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.62568 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.53245 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.42533 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98769 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.27717 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25762 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05959 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01213 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02655 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18266 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34275 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00176 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.48554 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.84988 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15735 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.05629 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65031 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30336 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.99922 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34428 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08176 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25704 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88038 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5933 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15326 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99961 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02667 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00752 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06351 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06226 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05629 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06996 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.44762 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07117 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07527 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12619 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.18804 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0733 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15296 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26388 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13018 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15555 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02627 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0144 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43405 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.59891 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.88741 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 400.87765 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17103 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.06607 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25709 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64621 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04766 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04368 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06714 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13149 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58751 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.66693 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51173 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.19156 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01955 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56626 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 157.93589 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19498 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 444.15559 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06353 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04908 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72635 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05278 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62119 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9398 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.88468 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25718 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.43667 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.07389 Zimbabwe dollar

Requiem for life

THERE is a reason the Bill of Rights in the 1987 Constitution starts with a recital of the hierarchy of rights: life, liberty, property. The recital is by no means arbitrary, and is meant to remind all of the primacy of human rights over property rights. No one can be deprived of these rights without undergoing due process of law, and you’ll notice that due process tends to become stricter when it comes to legal mechanisms to go against the right to life.

This means that the State, except in the most extreme and legally restricted cases, cannot execute any citizen without due process. Why? Simple. Because the right to life, once taken away, can never be given back. There is no commensurate compensation for it, which is why any form of damages awarded to the victim’s family is never called a payment. Simply put, no amount of money can restore life, once it is taken away.

If you have any doubt about the importance of the right to life, flip through the Revised Penal Code and find out for yourself that the crimes meted the most severe penalties have little to do with robbery or theft of property, but with taking human life, such as murder and homicide.

Obviously, our forefathers held life in such high regard that they deemed it fit to reserve the harshest penalties for those who take life. 

Similarly, the dictum of due process does not apply only to the rich, nor the poor, or those in positions of authority. The equal protection clause guarantees that due process applies to all, with no exception. Thus, everyone accused of committing a crime, guilty or innocent, has the right to be heard, to be tried, and to appeal a conviction in the higher courts. While this process may be exacting and very frustrating for some, especially to the families of victims of heinous crimes, we only have those gaming the system to blame.

I write this framed with the outrage of the death of 17-year old Kian Loyd delos Santos, an 11th grader who was murdered by policemen conducting anti-illegal drugs operations in Caloocan City. According to the spot report filed by one of the policemen conducting the operations, Kian had a gun and reportedly fired at the operatives. In short, nanlaban. Much like the 81 Filipinos dead in the last few days because of anti-illegal drug operations, all of them fought against the police who were supposedly in a hapless position and had to act in self defense. Does anyone really buy that canard, beyond internet trolls and propagandists?

CCTV footage along with four eyewitnesses belie the claim of the Caloocan police. Footage showed that Kian was dragged by two policemen in civilian clothes after he had closed shop for the night. Witnesses say that the boy pleaded for his life, and asked to be let go and said he had a test to take the next day. No mercy was given, and the 17-year old boy will no longer have to worry about a test, or whatever it is that teenagers worry about. His death is not the first; news outfits report that there have been at least thirty more minors that have been killed in the name of the War on Drugs. The youngest was Althea Barbon, 4 years of age. I doubt that propagandists can cast aspersions on Althea’s character, as they have mercilessly done on the others, owing to the fact that she cannot, by any stretch of imagination, have been an addict, a pusher, or a runner.

Some of us have been angry at the killings that have been a nightly occurrence since the new administration took over. Some have been quiet, secretly satisfied that their way home or the office is now free of petty criminals. And for some, what matters is that their hard-earned smartphone is safe from theft, their family shielded from the vermin of society. After all, are we not parochial at heart, first and foremost looking to protect our interests, come hell or high water?

But the outrage is palpable this time. Perhaps it is because the brazenness and impunity was caught on tape for all the world to see. Add this to the changing stories of the police, who even presented a witness to say that he bought drugs from Kian. Not only is the boy dead, but he continues to be subjected to further character assassination by policemen trying to paint him as another drug runner to justify why they had to drag a defenseless boy away.

Despite this, some will not care. Some will continue to cheer this War on Drugs, which in reality is nothing but a War on the Poor. Some will continue to revel in the false premise that the Philippines is becoming as safe as Singapore, and will continue to turn a blind eye to the mounting casualties. People are meant to die in wars, they say. People like drug addicts, drug lords, drug runners all deserve to die. As long as it is not my father, my mother, my spouse, my brother or my sister, they all deserve to die.

As if waking from a deep sleep, there are now those who have awakened to the horror of the situation and are loudly denouncing the deaths. Let them, and let us continue raising our voices. Imagine if Aragorn continued to hold a grudge against King Theoden for being under the spell of Wormtongue for years, then the War of the Rings may not have been won. The Scourge of Men–impunity and callousness, for the modern age–is upon us. For those of us who see through the haze, let us be kind to one another despite our differences, and continue to fight the battle for our humanity, whether it be online or offline.
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