May 24, 2018, 6:07 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07022 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04971 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03427 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46553 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02521 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03403 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03824 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.6174 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0318 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.47954 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02536 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13117 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30067 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19226 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 382.79159 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0382 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02445 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01907 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.17151 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12202 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.9522 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.70612 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78834 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41644 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3891 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12076 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94646 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21398 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34149 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52008 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03927 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08859 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89503 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.06501 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14027 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93289 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15004 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45428 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11999 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19751 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1499 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 271.08987 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06827 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30228 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 804.0153 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99809 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38145 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0135 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12293 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91587 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30863 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.2065 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.91109 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.20841 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.57725 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00577 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.29369 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.08222 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.77629 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0153 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.55793 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24207 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05829 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01187 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02595 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18017 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31807 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99293 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.85086 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.83174 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15455 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76864 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65679 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29771 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.64149 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37878 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24208 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88337 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59598 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15388 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08185 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02752 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00735 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0627 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06117 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20841 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06955 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.60994 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06959 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07495 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17737 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.18375 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15039 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26023 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34331 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16581 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.13958 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7457 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.36138 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1673 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.84665 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24215 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61434 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04906 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04426 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08746 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12714 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57119 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.51816 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49847 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.12811 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59981 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 152.58126 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1501.96941 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.35373 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08088 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0494 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05163 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92218 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.7782 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24216 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.22562 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91969 Zimbabwe dollar

Requiem for life

THERE is a reason the Bill of Rights in the 1987 Constitution starts with a recital of the hierarchy of rights: life, liberty, property. The recital is by no means arbitrary, and is meant to remind all of the primacy of human rights over property rights. No one can be deprived of these rights without undergoing due process of law, and you’ll notice that due process tends to become stricter when it comes to legal mechanisms to go against the right to life.

This means that the State, except in the most extreme and legally restricted cases, cannot execute any citizen without due process. Why? Simple. Because the right to life, once taken away, can never be given back. There is no commensurate compensation for it, which is why any form of damages awarded to the victim’s family is never called a payment. Simply put, no amount of money can restore life, once it is taken away.

If you have any doubt about the importance of the right to life, flip through the Revised Penal Code and find out for yourself that the crimes meted the most severe penalties have little to do with robbery or theft of property, but with taking human life, such as murder and homicide.

Obviously, our forefathers held life in such high regard that they deemed it fit to reserve the harshest penalties for those who take life. 

Similarly, the dictum of due process does not apply only to the rich, nor the poor, or those in positions of authority. The equal protection clause guarantees that due process applies to all, with no exception. Thus, everyone accused of committing a crime, guilty or innocent, has the right to be heard, to be tried, and to appeal a conviction in the higher courts. While this process may be exacting and very frustrating for some, especially to the families of victims of heinous crimes, we only have those gaming the system to blame.

I write this framed with the outrage of the death of 17-year old Kian Loyd delos Santos, an 11th grader who was murdered by policemen conducting anti-illegal drugs operations in Caloocan City. According to the spot report filed by one of the policemen conducting the operations, Kian had a gun and reportedly fired at the operatives. In short, nanlaban. Much like the 81 Filipinos dead in the last few days because of anti-illegal drug operations, all of them fought against the police who were supposedly in a hapless position and had to act in self defense. Does anyone really buy that canard, beyond internet trolls and propagandists?

CCTV footage along with four eyewitnesses belie the claim of the Caloocan police. Footage showed that Kian was dragged by two policemen in civilian clothes after he had closed shop for the night. Witnesses say that the boy pleaded for his life, and asked to be let go and said he had a test to take the next day. No mercy was given, and the 17-year old boy will no longer have to worry about a test, or whatever it is that teenagers worry about. His death is not the first; news outfits report that there have been at least thirty more minors that have been killed in the name of the War on Drugs. The youngest was Althea Barbon, 4 years of age. I doubt that propagandists can cast aspersions on Althea’s character, as they have mercilessly done on the others, owing to the fact that she cannot, by any stretch of imagination, have been an addict, a pusher, or a runner.

Some of us have been angry at the killings that have been a nightly occurrence since the new administration took over. Some have been quiet, secretly satisfied that their way home or the office is now free of petty criminals. And for some, what matters is that their hard-earned smartphone is safe from theft, their family shielded from the vermin of society. After all, are we not parochial at heart, first and foremost looking to protect our interests, come hell or high water?

But the outrage is palpable this time. Perhaps it is because the brazenness and impunity was caught on tape for all the world to see. Add this to the changing stories of the police, who even presented a witness to say that he bought drugs from Kian. Not only is the boy dead, but he continues to be subjected to further character assassination by policemen trying to paint him as another drug runner to justify why they had to drag a defenseless boy away.

Despite this, some will not care. Some will continue to cheer this War on Drugs, which in reality is nothing but a War on the Poor. Some will continue to revel in the false premise that the Philippines is becoming as safe as Singapore, and will continue to turn a blind eye to the mounting casualties. People are meant to die in wars, they say. People like drug addicts, drug lords, drug runners all deserve to die. As long as it is not my father, my mother, my spouse, my brother or my sister, they all deserve to die.

As if waking from a deep sleep, there are now those who have awakened to the horror of the situation and are loudly denouncing the deaths. Let them, and let us continue raising our voices. Imagine if Aragorn continued to hold a grudge against King Theoden for being under the spell of Wormtongue for years, then the War of the Rings may not have been won. The Scourge of Men–impunity and callousness, for the modern age–is upon us. For those of us who see through the haze, let us be kind to one another despite our differences, and continue to fight the battle for our humanity, whether it be online or offline.
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