January 21, 2018, 1:19 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07248 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15117 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37432 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03947 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63391 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0315 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00743 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.55654 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02619 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13539 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06307 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25863 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19114 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.1056 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03943 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02465 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01899 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.98717 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12629 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.09039 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.14821 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78074 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40983 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49517 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12017 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94356 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24754 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25256 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34873 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.537 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01614 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03952 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08955 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95481 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.50149 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14478 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06335 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15424 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4645 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2536 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98796 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.6801 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06734 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2595 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.36688 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 722.49855 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02684 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44306 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01395 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18305 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02388 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36803 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.05665 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11131 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.76199 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.05013 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01618 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40616 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.40439 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.70989 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03631 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.51372 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24018 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06017 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01225 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1822 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33221 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99072 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.54431 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.6416 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15887 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94691 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64535 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3059 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.08092 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36718 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07768 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24178 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.06532 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6045 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15516 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01397 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02711 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00759 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06337 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17782 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06737 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.75588 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07183 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07523 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11021 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.49398 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07401 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15294 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26317 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13811 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15903 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02605 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43825 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.5822 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.09138 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.67793 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17269 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16341 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24082 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62838 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04813 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04392 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07512 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1331 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57902 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.22736 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56937 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.46241 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56325 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.3513 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19686 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 447.97712 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03691 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0496 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5818 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05329 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49813 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92441 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9329 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24034 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.41761 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14229 Zimbabwe dollar

Requiem for life

THERE is a reason the Bill of Rights in the 1987 Constitution starts with a recital of the hierarchy of rights: life, liberty, property. The recital is by no means arbitrary, and is meant to remind all of the primacy of human rights over property rights. No one can be deprived of these rights without undergoing due process of law, and you’ll notice that due process tends to become stricter when it comes to legal mechanisms to go against the right to life.

This means that the State, except in the most extreme and legally restricted cases, cannot execute any citizen without due process. Why? Simple. Because the right to life, once taken away, can never be given back. There is no commensurate compensation for it, which is why any form of damages awarded to the victim’s family is never called a payment. Simply put, no amount of money can restore life, once it is taken away.

If you have any doubt about the importance of the right to life, flip through the Revised Penal Code and find out for yourself that the crimes meted the most severe penalties have little to do with robbery or theft of property, but with taking human life, such as murder and homicide.

Obviously, our forefathers held life in such high regard that they deemed it fit to reserve the harshest penalties for those who take life. 

Similarly, the dictum of due process does not apply only to the rich, nor the poor, or those in positions of authority. The equal protection clause guarantees that due process applies to all, with no exception. Thus, everyone accused of committing a crime, guilty or innocent, has the right to be heard, to be tried, and to appeal a conviction in the higher courts. While this process may be exacting and very frustrating for some, especially to the families of victims of heinous crimes, we only have those gaming the system to blame.

I write this framed with the outrage of the death of 17-year old Kian Loyd delos Santos, an 11th grader who was murdered by policemen conducting anti-illegal drugs operations in Caloocan City. According to the spot report filed by one of the policemen conducting the operations, Kian had a gun and reportedly fired at the operatives. In short, nanlaban. Much like the 81 Filipinos dead in the last few days because of anti-illegal drug operations, all of them fought against the police who were supposedly in a hapless position and had to act in self defense. Does anyone really buy that canard, beyond internet trolls and propagandists?

CCTV footage along with four eyewitnesses belie the claim of the Caloocan police. Footage showed that Kian was dragged by two policemen in civilian clothes after he had closed shop for the night. Witnesses say that the boy pleaded for his life, and asked to be let go and said he had a test to take the next day. No mercy was given, and the 17-year old boy will no longer have to worry about a test, or whatever it is that teenagers worry about. His death is not the first; news outfits report that there have been at least thirty more minors that have been killed in the name of the War on Drugs. The youngest was Althea Barbon, 4 years of age. I doubt that propagandists can cast aspersions on Althea’s character, as they have mercilessly done on the others, owing to the fact that she cannot, by any stretch of imagination, have been an addict, a pusher, or a runner.

Some of us have been angry at the killings that have been a nightly occurrence since the new administration took over. Some have been quiet, secretly satisfied that their way home or the office is now free of petty criminals. And for some, what matters is that their hard-earned smartphone is safe from theft, their family shielded from the vermin of society. After all, are we not parochial at heart, first and foremost looking to protect our interests, come hell or high water?

But the outrage is palpable this time. Perhaps it is because the brazenness and impunity was caught on tape for all the world to see. Add this to the changing stories of the police, who even presented a witness to say that he bought drugs from Kian. Not only is the boy dead, but he continues to be subjected to further character assassination by policemen trying to paint him as another drug runner to justify why they had to drag a defenseless boy away.

Despite this, some will not care. Some will continue to cheer this War on Drugs, which in reality is nothing but a War on the Poor. Some will continue to revel in the false premise that the Philippines is becoming as safe as Singapore, and will continue to turn a blind eye to the mounting casualties. People are meant to die in wars, they say. People like drug addicts, drug lords, drug runners all deserve to die. As long as it is not my father, my mother, my spouse, my brother or my sister, they all deserve to die.

As if waking from a deep sleep, there are now those who have awakened to the horror of the situation and are loudly denouncing the deaths. Let them, and let us continue raising our voices. Imagine if Aragorn continued to hold a grudge against King Theoden for being under the spell of Wormtongue for years, then the War of the Rings may not have been won. The Scourge of Men–impunity and callousness, for the modern age–is upon us. For those of us who see through the haze, let us be kind to one another despite our differences, and continue to fight the battle for our humanity, whether it be online or offline.
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