June 25, 2018, 3:33 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Railroaded by a runaway TRAIN

While many in the communications profession would like to think of their field as a science where certain rules are followed, developed from hypotheses and postulates, tested and retested until theories turn into laws, and the scientific method is completed, its results uniformly verifiable each time, the academe still maintains communications as an art. 

It is perhaps because communications cannot be exact and definitive. It is nourished by diversity where conflicting interpretations are integral to its nature. Different points of view and the fluidity of both the messages communicated and the reception of those are largely as mosaic as a patchwork collage. No one hears music in exactly the same way. The same with viewing an artwork.

Art and communications are subjective, while sciences are objective. Art expresses knowledge. Science deals with the acquisition of knowledge.

Take the acronym “TRAIN” for example. Spun by our financial managers to communicate a desired message, TRAIN or Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion, was coined by slick political hucksters to peddle a positive message that included the concepts of acceleration and economic inclusion. 

The messaging was purposely set to cast taxes in a positive light and differentiate this government’s current economic initiatives from the previous administration’s where, despite ballyhooed GDP growth, economic inclusion was denied the greater public.

Inclusivity as evoked by the initial “I” among TRAIN’s letters simply means that the greater public, across classes, are included as GDP grows. 

The measures of inclusivity would thus be the narrowing of the gap between the rich and the poor evidenced by the lowering of the Gini Coefficient. Inclusivity indices would also include the improvement in the jobs data where unemployment falls, new jobs are created, and the exodus of Filipino workers are reversed. 

Measures likewise include improvements in the poverty incidences, the hunger and misery indices and the inflation rate.

What we have been victimized with during the last administration is exclusive economic development where the GDP growth gains did not trickle down as fast to the sectors that needed these the most. Development and the economic benefits were thus “exclusive” and limited to the few who ironically needed those benefits to lesser degrees than the greater number continually victimized by inequities.

To validate the exclusivity of our GDP growth simply analyze how the Gini Coefficient had hardly changed, employment or the creation of new and appropriate jobs had virtually petrified, the hunger index and the self-rated poverty indices either worsening or staying virtually unchanged.

 As for the messaging that the government is attempting to communicate with the word “acceleration” and the letter “A” in TRAIN in reference to GDP growth, together with “inclusivity” in reference to economic equity, both can only enter a thoughtful mind when TRAIN’s letters are spelled out.

There lies its weakness as a communications devise. 

In fact, the word “train” by itself conjures an altogether different imagery.

Without spelling out each letter the immediate and unadulterated imagery conjured by the term TRAIN provides a deeper and more accurate insight into what it actually is that our honorable lawmakers might be thrusting up our collective posteriors.

The word “train” conjures images of a high-speed locomotive barreling down railway tracks. Not only does the image conjure of an unstoppable iron and steel behemoth such as a runaway freight train but that this rampaging “Iron Horse” will demolish anything in its path.

Following such imagery allow us to simply list what is being railroaded that are antithetical to accelerated GDP growth and equitable economic inclusivity as originally spun to market and make palatable added tax impositions.

Note that the only substantial tax reform measure in TRAIN is the expansion of the un-taxed income bracket where the lowest wage earners are effectively granted greater relief while higher tax payers pay more. The popular gains in this area are however quickly and effectively negated by substantive increases throughout all critical value chains as the excise taxes on cost-multiplier petroleum products are increased, and documentary stamp taxes and even taxes on passive income sources are bloated several times over. The latter are significant. These unnecessarily inflate debt servicing costs as well as costs on returns on investments.

On the existing repressive value added tax system (VAT), TRAIN ensures that we will remain victimized with one of the highest VAT impositions in the region.

On corporate taxes, the promised downscaling from 30 percent is not covered by TRAIN. We will still have the highest corporate taxes thus validating the fears of foreign investors who would rather reroute their foreign direct investments elsewhere.

Like communications, deception is also an art. While TRAIN is a catchy buzzword, what in effect are being railroaded are a series of expanded and debilitating tax measures simply packaged with a nice-sounding acronym.
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