August 23, 2017, 12:25 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07147 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19187 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03469 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02451 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03464 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03892 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5756 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03242 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.60051 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13349 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06121 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19907 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 389.56996 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03888 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01877 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.5721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12979 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.11442 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.13232 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82448 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43076 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44814 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91224 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25874 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45257 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01654 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03921 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0151 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08543 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.07628 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14152 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97957 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15221 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45349 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12172 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20354 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01888 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 259.9533 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07033 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.7087 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 640.80562 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08893 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47247 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12376 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00234 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33721 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.92995 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.16852 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.51314 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.14964 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01596 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.48297 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.09555 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.29364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98307 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22611 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26095 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05932 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01208 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1842 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34588 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01323 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.52267 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.3633 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15677 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02471 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64623 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30142 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.93073 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34414 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08344 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1006 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58844 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1538 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99066 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00749 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06301 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06168 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0504 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.34793 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07605 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14343 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.06149 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1508 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26075 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15772 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43211 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.94279 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.8776 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.39601 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17027 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.02102 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25583 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64604 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04749 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04262 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06846 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58973 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.43258 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49523 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.99416 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55517 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 80.17124 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19409 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 442.24558 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01985 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04832 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.84141 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05254 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76455 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95213 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.86379 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25581 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.98268 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.04223 Zimbabwe dollar

The pristine, bountiful Philippine Rise

MUCH has been written and said about Philippine Rise, which was formerly known as Benham Rise, the Philippines’ newest territory. A seamount--an underwater mountain; millions of hectares-wide plateau, on the seafloor, off the coast of Aurora Province. From this seafloor, imagine, if you would, a 3,000-meter-tall funnel, imbudo, placed upside-down on this submarine plateau. The narrow tip of the upside-down funnel reaches 50 meters below the ocean surface. The narrow tip of the funnel was referred to by the 2014 expedition as The Bank. The Bank, 50 meters below water surface, was as deep as the 2014 expedition could dive, and all that is known of the Philippine Rise from that 2014 expedition. 

 Attempting to go down 3,000 meters deeper, below The Bank, is for future expeditions requiring sufficient state-of-the-art equipment yet to be acquired. About 3,000 meters below The Bank is the 13 million- hectare plateau.

At The Bank, 50 meters below the surface...”Upon seeing the bottom [The Bank], you will be placed in a dreamy state. It is as if time has slowed down.” Those were the words of Dr. Hildie M.E. Nacorda, Assistant Professor of the UPLB School of Environmental Science & Management (SESAM), a marine expert and project leader of the DOST-funded 2014 expedition to this newest Philippine territory. Her expedition went down 50 meters below ocean surface; they were on the summit, The Bank. Dr. Nacorda was recalling her first time descending the Bank, the tip of the upside-down funnel, 50 meters below ocean surface. 

“... I saw a fish swimming straight at me. The fish was probably thinking, aba, first time may tao dito ah....it is very hard to focus on the work... It is very interesting to know that there is life at the depth na pwede natin pag-aralan at alamin ano ang pakinabang natin dito.... we still have a a long way to go. Scientists are sources of basic information. We are conduits of these information and we play a role in making research useful to industry.” The bottom [The Bank] she said, looked surreal. Spreads of plate-like corals were basking in the sunlight penetrating the clear waters. There were corals as far as the eye could see... over 60 species of bony and cartilaginous fish and four species of the green algae Halimeda...also other habitats, including sand.

Dr. Nacorda: “Mapping the Philippine Rise is the first step. We should know what is there to protect and what’s in it for us. What we saw was just tip of the iceberg. Lalalim pa ang maaari natng madiskubre.” Another 3,000 meters deeper to go to realize the treasures and resources of our newest territory.

Manila asserted its sovereign ownership of the Philippine Rise this week on Independence Day by planting a Philippine flag made of fiber glass on the underwater land feature. 

***

Reuters reported that President Rodrigo Duterte had stated that the government cannot scrap existing mining law; that he is open to easing up on the suggested closure on half the country’s mines which are non-compliant with mining laws. Former military chief Roy Cimatu has said it was possible to balance mining and natural resources protection. Duterte said he told Cimatu “to be to be true to yourself, to be true to your country and protect the environment....But remember there are mining laws and we cannot banish laws,” which he also told a media before he left for visits to Cambodia and China.

Taking seriously the existing mining laws, the industry “has to be allowed but regulated,” Duterte said, adding he wants stricter measures enforced. Cimatu replaced the president’s initial choice to head DENR, conservationist Regina Lopez, who ordered the closure of 22 of 41 mines in the world’s top nickel ore supplier and banned open-pit mining. Lopez’s mining crackdown was backed by the president. No mines were in fact closed, as companies pursued appeals processes that can only be settled by President Duterte.

Cimatu did not offer more insight as to his future policy moves, only saying that “we have to follow the law, we have to safeguard our resources....I intend to listen to all the voices out there and make full use of our powers and resources to ensure that these various concerns, some of which oftentimes clash, will be properly and judiciously addressed.” Cimatu, is the latest addition to a Cabinet with allies of Duterte from his university years or his two decades as mayor of Davao City.

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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