October 24, 2017, 5:43 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07134 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20455 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03458 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33662 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02487 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03458 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03885 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60625 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03236 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.77953 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13326 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06247 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26263 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2012 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 388.88889 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03881 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01915 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.27409 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12894 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.24748 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99748 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82304 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42383 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.43493 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12305 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91725 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22277 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25859 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34188 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52409 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01653 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03972 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01472 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08496 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91414 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.78632 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14265 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93765 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15157 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45491 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12399 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18939 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08741 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.01476 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06781 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26296 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.669 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 667.07459 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04662 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45552 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20812 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00952 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32896 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.1857 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.06566 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.48252 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.95047 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01593 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52234 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.26651 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.24437 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98368 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29817 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.267 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05922 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01205 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33557 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00952 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.41803 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.5136 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15611 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.8244 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65657 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30245 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.91123 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37068 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08228 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26663 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91531 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59261 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15522 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01146 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02786 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00746 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06287 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06211 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04157 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0698 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.32012 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07303 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07595 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11692 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.13209 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07284 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15112 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25618 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12937 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15921 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02646 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43135 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.01865 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.85859 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.06606 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16997 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.0035 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26663 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64433 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04839 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04297 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07213 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12972 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58747 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.47319 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51593 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.94017 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.17716 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19376 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 441.37529 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06876 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04978 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83178 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05245 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68376 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.97222 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85431 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26674 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.80614 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02991 Zimbabwe dollar

The pristine, bountiful Philippine Rise

MUCH has been written and said about Philippine Rise, which was formerly known as Benham Rise, the Philippines’ newest territory. A seamount--an underwater mountain; millions of hectares-wide plateau, on the seafloor, off the coast of Aurora Province. From this seafloor, imagine, if you would, a 3,000-meter-tall funnel, imbudo, placed upside-down on this submarine plateau. The narrow tip of the upside-down funnel reaches 50 meters below the ocean surface. The narrow tip of the funnel was referred to by the 2014 expedition as The Bank. The Bank, 50 meters below water surface, was as deep as the 2014 expedition could dive, and all that is known of the Philippine Rise from that 2014 expedition. 

 Attempting to go down 3,000 meters deeper, below The Bank, is for future expeditions requiring sufficient state-of-the-art equipment yet to be acquired. About 3,000 meters below The Bank is the 13 million- hectare plateau.

At The Bank, 50 meters below the surface...”Upon seeing the bottom [The Bank], you will be placed in a dreamy state. It is as if time has slowed down.” Those were the words of Dr. Hildie M.E. Nacorda, Assistant Professor of the UPLB School of Environmental Science & Management (SESAM), a marine expert and project leader of the DOST-funded 2014 expedition to this newest Philippine territory. Her expedition went down 50 meters below ocean surface; they were on the summit, The Bank. Dr. Nacorda was recalling her first time descending the Bank, the tip of the upside-down funnel, 50 meters below ocean surface. 

“... I saw a fish swimming straight at me. The fish was probably thinking, aba, first time may tao dito ah....it is very hard to focus on the work... It is very interesting to know that there is life at the depth na pwede natin pag-aralan at alamin ano ang pakinabang natin dito.... we still have a a long way to go. Scientists are sources of basic information. We are conduits of these information and we play a role in making research useful to industry.” The bottom [The Bank] she said, looked surreal. Spreads of plate-like corals were basking in the sunlight penetrating the clear waters. There were corals as far as the eye could see... over 60 species of bony and cartilaginous fish and four species of the green algae Halimeda...also other habitats, including sand.

Dr. Nacorda: “Mapping the Philippine Rise is the first step. We should know what is there to protect and what’s in it for us. What we saw was just tip of the iceberg. Lalalim pa ang maaari natng madiskubre.” Another 3,000 meters deeper to go to realize the treasures and resources of our newest territory.

Manila asserted its sovereign ownership of the Philippine Rise this week on Independence Day by planting a Philippine flag made of fiber glass on the underwater land feature. 

***

Reuters reported that President Rodrigo Duterte had stated that the government cannot scrap existing mining law; that he is open to easing up on the suggested closure on half the country’s mines which are non-compliant with mining laws. Former military chief Roy Cimatu has said it was possible to balance mining and natural resources protection. Duterte said he told Cimatu “to be to be true to yourself, to be true to your country and protect the environment....But remember there are mining laws and we cannot banish laws,” which he also told a media before he left for visits to Cambodia and China.

Taking seriously the existing mining laws, the industry “has to be allowed but regulated,” Duterte said, adding he wants stricter measures enforced. Cimatu replaced the president’s initial choice to head DENR, conservationist Regina Lopez, who ordered the closure of 22 of 41 mines in the world’s top nickel ore supplier and banned open-pit mining. Lopez’s mining crackdown was backed by the president. No mines were in fact closed, as companies pursued appeals processes that can only be settled by President Duterte.

Cimatu did not offer more insight as to his future policy moves, only saying that “we have to follow the law, we have to safeguard our resources....I intend to listen to all the voices out there and make full use of our powers and resources to ensure that these various concerns, some of which oftentimes clash, will be properly and judiciously addressed.” Cimatu, is the latest addition to a Cabinet with allies of Duterte from his university years or his two decades as mayor of Davao City.

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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