October 24, 2017, 1:26 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07134 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20455 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03458 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33662 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02487 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03458 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03885 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60625 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03236 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.77953 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13326 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06247 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26263 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2012 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 388.88889 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03881 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01915 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.27409 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12894 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.24748 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99748 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82304 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42383 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.43493 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12305 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91725 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22277 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25859 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34188 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52409 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01653 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03972 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01472 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08496 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91414 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.78632 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14265 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93765 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15157 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45491 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12399 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18939 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08741 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.01476 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06781 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26296 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.669 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 667.07459 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04662 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45552 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20812 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00952 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32896 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.1857 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.06566 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.48252 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.95047 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01593 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52234 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.26651 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.24437 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98368 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29817 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.267 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05922 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01205 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33557 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00952 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.41803 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.5136 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15611 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.8244 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65657 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30245 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.91123 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37068 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08228 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26663 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91531 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59261 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15522 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01146 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02786 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00746 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06287 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06211 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04157 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0698 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.32012 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07303 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07595 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11692 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.13209 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07284 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15112 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25618 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12937 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15921 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02646 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43135 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.01865 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.85859 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.06606 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16997 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.0035 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26663 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64433 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04839 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04297 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07213 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12972 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58747 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.47319 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51593 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.94017 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.17716 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19376 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 441.37529 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06876 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04978 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83178 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05245 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68376 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.97222 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85431 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26674 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.80614 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02991 Zimbabwe dollar

Power of the people

MANICANI is a small, 1,000-hectare island off the western coast of Guiuan Municipality in Eastern Samar. For those not too schooled in Philippine geography, Guiuan is the southernmost town in what may be the easternmost province of the Philippines - so much so that when Super Typhoon Yolanda made landfall at around 4 a.m. on November 8 four years ago, it was Guiuan (and not Tacloban City) that was Ground Zero.

Guiuan - and Manicani Island - was left looking like a sister city of Hiroshima after Yolanda was done. I saw that for myself because I landed in Guiuan’s old airstrip in the morning of November 12 just four days after the disaster.

On Manicani Island, all of the 500 houses were destroyed, almost all totally, a few lucky ones partially. As a way of helping its residents, Hinatuan Mining Corporation (or HMC, a fully owned subsidiary of NAC, Nickel Asia Corporation) pledged to rebuild every single housing unit whether the owner was pro- or anti-mining. You see, Manicani is one of the many islands on the eastern side of the Philippines that is nickel-rich, and HMC has a mining claim on the island.

I know this by heart. It was NAC’s bosses who sent me to Guiuan on November 12 with a planeload of doctors and medicines to see what immediate help we could provide.

From November 2013 to today, a lot has been done on Manicani by HMC as part of its CSR programs while its operations are on care and maintenance mode. For a few months in 2015 island residents were able to earn about P6 million per month when HMC shipped out part of the stockpile of low grade ore that is piled up on the island thanks to old operations. At the same time a basketball league among the four island Barangays resulted in the construction of covered courts for all of them, as prizes for their rankings in two successive seasons.

No wonder when the Barangays convened assemblies to inquire about public support for the idea of renewal of mining operations, the four Barangays turned in overwhelming majorities of 85% and up in favor of the idea.

But here’s the rub. Anti mining advocates including the handful of island residents who were outvoted by the majority are determined to block the renewal of mining on Manicani. Together with the Diocese of Borongan — distantly located about 200 kilometers north of the island — they are determined to “free” the islanders from mining and “preserve” the environment. The message is the “meager” returns from mining will not make up for the environmental damage mining will bring.

Immediately it becomes clear. It doesn’t matter to the anti groups what the people of Manicani really want. They have made their sentiments known and known in an overwhelming fashion. Was this an uneducated decision? No - because many island residents including students were shown how NAC operations in Rio Tuba (Palawan) are a model for mine rehabilitation - something a succession of DENR secretaries have acknowledged. Convinced, the residents voted in favor of mining. Overwhelmingly. So who are the anti mining groups to insist otherwise?

Come to think of it, even if the decision of the majority was an uneducated one, the principle of “majority rule” in a democracy implies that the minority gives way. Vox Populi, Vox Dei, right? Well, not for anti mining clergy, I guess.

Subsidiarity is a principle that is sacred to those who believe in self determination, in allowing people to decide for themselves what is good for them.. It is also linked to the principle of majority rule as discussed, and together make a strong case for respecting what the islanders want, whatever it is they want. Had they decided against mining, no one has the right to force mining on them; but the reverse is also true - having decided for mining, who are we to force them to reject the industry?

But that’s what NGOs and elements of the Catholic Church in Eastern Samar seem to want to do. To throw majority rule and subsidiarity out the window and impose their will. Forget the six million in monthly earnings! Better stay poor!

Power to the people? Nah. It’s power to themselves.

Enough of this tyranny by a noisy minority. Let the people who matter be heard and whatever their views, let them be respected!
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