January 21, 2018, 9:15 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07248 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15117 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37432 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03947 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63391 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0315 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00743 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.55654 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02619 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13539 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06307 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25863 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19114 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.1056 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03943 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02465 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01899 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.98717 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12629 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.09039 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.14821 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78074 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40983 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49517 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12017 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94356 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24754 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25256 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34873 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.537 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01614 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03952 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08955 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95481 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.50149 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14478 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06335 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15424 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4645 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2536 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98796 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.6801 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06734 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2595 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.36688 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 722.49855 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02684 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44306 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01395 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18305 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02388 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36803 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.05665 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11131 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.76199 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.05013 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01618 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40616 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.40439 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.70989 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03631 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.51372 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24018 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06017 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01225 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1822 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33221 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99072 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.54431 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.6416 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15887 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94691 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64535 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3059 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.08092 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36718 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07768 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24178 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.06532 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6045 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15516 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01397 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02711 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00759 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06337 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17782 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06737 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.75588 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07183 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07523 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11021 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.49398 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07401 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15294 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26317 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13811 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15903 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02605 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43825 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.5822 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.09138 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.67793 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17269 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16341 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24082 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62838 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04813 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04392 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07512 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1331 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57902 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.22736 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56937 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.46241 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56325 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.3513 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19686 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 447.97712 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03691 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0496 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5818 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05329 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49813 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92441 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9329 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24034 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.41761 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14229 Zimbabwe dollar

Milking money from a mental malady

Tucked away and hidden among warehouses, garages and factories, as if the accidental anonymity were intended, the school catering to society’s subterraneans made good money milked from an unfortunate population with both intellectual and mental health concerns. 

In a manner of speaking, both parents and students were trapped by unfortunate circumstance and were forced into a compromise. That ugly reality on one end of fate’s darkest spectrum was unfortunately matched by the uglier reality of predatory greed.

Of its population of a less than a hundred, over three-quarters were transferees from either first or second choice branded and pedigreed learning institutions. This third, perhaps even fourth choice, was not in the same league --  a decision its operators were content with. Like other businesses enjoying fat tax perks and largely cash-based revenues, underneath the veneer and well-behind the woodwork, the money - milking enterprise was simply a business for profit operation.

But unlike others, it offered something better schools did not. Approximately ten percent, perhaps even higher, of its population were afflicted with mental health concerns. 

Lurking at the fringes and escaping the scrutiny of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), the school took in students afflicted with issues that ranged from simple attention deficit disorders, to chronic mental depression, to clinically diagnosed and documented autism despite the blatant absence of qualified teaching and professional on-site counseling personnel. 

Here is a question of ethics where an educational enterprise sucks up good money and yet, from square one, with full knowledge of the special requisites of afflicted students, offers an expensive package that is not only inadequate to address special needs, but could well endanger students and lead to suicidal consequences. 

After all, deep and manic depression and suicidal tendencies induced by alienation and a competitive classroom environment can aggravate delicate conditions. More so can constant failing grades from a teaching staff ill-equipped to address special needs.

The question of ethics is deeply profound and far-reaching. The attraction of easy money milked from parents-in-denial and vulnerable enough to shell out humongous amounts founds the debate.

In one corner the stinging societal stigma associated with mental health remains a reality some parents are unwilling to address. For those parents, and their afflicted children, all desperate and condemned by circumstance, options are limited. Around the bend lurks enterprising predators offering quick solutions. Such opportunistic predation arrayed against the parental inability to accept ugly truths and the absence of choices create social abuses. 

These, surprisingly, are not uncommon. They are simply spoken of in whispers.

Openly and quite candidly discussed by mental health advocate and author Edwin Francis in his excellent book “Swung by a Pendulum” (Francis, 2016) perhaps the most common albeit the least confronted among the mental health issues -- bipolarism -- is presented as a dark reality that cries out and demands our attention. 

Even as Francis blows the lid on a hidden crisis he is heartwarming and sensitive to those afflicted. He notes that it starts among the young and either falls unnoticed or is openly denied. Allow us, however, to sound an alarm. As in our example of a school that profits from it, there are insidious predators preying on well-intentioned families.

Inspired by Francis’s advocacy allow us to cast off a continuing series by first presenting how such vulnerabilities expose victims to being preyed upon where family earnings are sucked and siphoned dry from a manic depressive malady.

That we employed as an introduction the educational environment to depict denial against avaricious predation is deliberate. The data Francis exposes in his book substantiates our initiative. On a global scale, a 2012 treatise on the disorder identified as much as 2.5 percent as afflicted. 

Let’s bring those numbers into the classroom. In a randomly picked average-sized college class the ratio translates to one or two condemned with mental afflictions. Because mental depression, bipolarity and even substance abuse need not be directly linked, all three within a single roll call is a distinct probability. After all, depression is the second most prevalent globally while bipolarity ranks sixth. Imagine the severity of separate and several mental afflictions within an average class of students.

Now let’s zero-in on the youth where the bipolarity demographics compel us to focus. 

Francis writes that over 2.5 million Filipinos are likely to be victims in varying degrees of mental disorder and, among the most vulnerable ages, the 15 to 44 year old grouping is perhaps the most vulnerable. 

Again, crunch out the numbers. That’s the age group that should be the most productive. Unfortunately, within that majority, approximately 50 percent  are within the collegiate system. Where a school’s business model preys on such students despite their inadequacies, as in our school example, the population likely afflicted represents a victimized population exponentially larger than both the global or Philippine averages that Francis estimates.

Obviously for the avaricious and predatory Ferengi, a niche market exists where its unfortunate vulnerabilities are offered up as shameless business opportunities. 
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