July 23, 2018, 3:24 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06891 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99812 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03452 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51726 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0334 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03752 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57017 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03144 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00709 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.85141 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12871 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07076 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29362 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19433 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.60976 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03748 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01861 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.39231 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12694 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.79925 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56379 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.76454 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41373 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33021 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11925 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92946 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.2063 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2502 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3349 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51238 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01599 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03929 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01427 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08965 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.8925 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.1182 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14047 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.89268 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14725 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44908 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11833 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26435 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20544 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 271.57598 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06798 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28997 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.32645 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 817.63602 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99062 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44371 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01329 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09036 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.88462 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27979 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.96623 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.86454 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.88555 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.13321 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01538 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.50019 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.69231 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.24578 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99906 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.82176 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0572 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01164 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02582 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17712 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31191 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98124 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.07317 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.94747 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15166 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.66041 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64259 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29212 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.38537 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35681 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07617 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25131 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.73546 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58799 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1534 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06473 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02754 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00721 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06142 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06111 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.40338 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06911 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.46904 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06831 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07438 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1907 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.006 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07036 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14815 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25182 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33678 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16626 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01428 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41662 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 157.41088 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69418 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 392.12008 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16417 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.66191 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25104 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62495 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04951 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0442 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0899 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12621 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57388 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.58912 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49568 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.09381 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01876 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58555 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.53471 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2245.77861 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 432.49531 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06942 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49099 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05066 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49099 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90938 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.68762 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.36398 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.78987 Zimbabwe dollar

Media should stop using ‘Nakainom’

REPORTERS repeat the drunkards claim, nakainom, that the drunkards were unaware, unknowing, utterly surprised that what they had been pouring from the bottle, into their glasses, and swallowing all along, was agua de pataranta. 

Harmful and immoderate alcohol-use perpetrating youth violence, are risk factors, for the victim, the aggressor, the community. In the Philippines, the young are forced, lured to imbibe to become alcoholics. Distillers and advertisers do everything possible to convince the youth (and the old too) to drink... drink... drink, via ads. 

Hear that one repeated ad in media to convince the young that this one alcohol brand is designed specifically for “Junior”... meaning 12 or younger? 

There is the same amount of alcohol in: 1 bottle of beer, 1 jigger of whiskey/gin, one wine glass of wine.

Our fearless and unflinching President Duterte hopefully would next concentrate on the reduction of criminality using “nakainom” as excuse. Drunkenness deserves the attention of the President after his fight against illegal drugs and cigarette addiction.

Youth violence from the high-pressure selling of cheap agua de pataranta takes many forms including bullying, gang violence, sexual aggression, and assaults occurring in streets, bars and nightclubs. The victims and perpetrators alike are young people, and the consequences of youth violence can be devastating.

Reducing harmful alcohol use among young people should thus be considered a priority for DOH to minimize violence. Harmful use of alcohol by young people is defined as a pattern of alcohol use that results in danger to health and life. 

On the WHO report on violence and health, youth are defined as young people aged 10–29. Practitioners and health professionals have a key role in leading partnerships and prevention. A WHO fact sheet summarizes the role of alcohol in youth violence, the magnitude of the problem, risk factors for involvement in alcohol-related youth violence, prevention measures, and the role of public health.

Link between alcohol and violence is epidemic among young people. Alcohol use directly slows mental and physical function. Hazardous alcohol use can reduce self-control and the ability to process decisions and assess risks, and can increase emotional control, to make the drunk resort to violence in unpleasant situations.

Misbehaving, uncontrollable drunks are easy targets for perpetrators. The effects of alcohol (increased confidence and aggression) makes alcoholics drink as preparation for aggression and assault. There is the harmful use of alcohol as a way of coping or self-medicating. Crowded and poorly managed drinking venues contribute violence among drinkers. 

Anti-social personality disorder contributes to both heavy drinking and violent behavior. Alcohol is are part of ritualistic youth gang cultures and criminal activities of irresponsible, notorious fraternities during hazings. Hazardous and harmful levels of alcohol addiction are key risk factors for intimate partner violence, which can feature in relationships between young people. 

Alcoholism during pregnancy (resulting in fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects) is associated with behavioral and social problems, including delinquent behaviour.

In the Philippines, alcoholic drinks are widely available. But what makes drinking attractive to the young is the manner by which alcohol consumption is aggressively promoted by media. Underage drinking is dangerous, not only for the drinker but also for society, as evident by the number of alcohol-involved motor vehicle crashes, homicides, suicides, accidents, and other injuries and deaths.

People who begin drinking early are at greater risk for a variety of adverse consequences, including risky sexual activity and poor performance in school, and run the risk of developing serious alcohol addiction later in life. 

The government’s role in identifying those adolescents addicted too early, can help stop problems. Innovative, comprehensive approaches to prevention are showing success in reducing experimentation with alcoholic drinks.

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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