July 17, 2018, 6:58 pm
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06864 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00897 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03439 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50824 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02516 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03326 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03738 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.56345 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03139 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.72248 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1282 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07195 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.282 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19138 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.13568 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03734 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02459 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.14969 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12502 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.37133 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.54401 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.76603 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4139 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.31714 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11919 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92375 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19884 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25015 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3334 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51037 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01599 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03902 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08949 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88526 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.36105 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13998 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87012 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14665 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44715 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11858 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25939 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1596 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.604 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06791 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27993 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.12671 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 807.13885 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0015 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.42478 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01324 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09923 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.87722 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27646 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.63072 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.88806 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.81929 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.08952 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01532 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.39993 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.01738 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.13493 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97982 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.97197 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24762 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05697 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0116 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17688 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31088 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98075 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.55578 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.74846 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15104 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.63427 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6382 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29097 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.33283 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35287 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07569 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24767 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.69034 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58456 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15155 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04691 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02764 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06103 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06077 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.27135 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06898 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.5969 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06802 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07424 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1686 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.92992 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07008 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14699 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25089 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33555 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16567 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41499 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.24238 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.65221 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 391.8333 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16352 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.624 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24803 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62213 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04953 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04334 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.09042 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12621 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57118 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.3846 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.48981 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.93085 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58568 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.44945 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2236.96505 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.74192 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06036 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04858 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.48103 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05046 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.48103 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90563 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.66922 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24782 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 96.98187 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76322 Zimbabwe dollar

Maring, Irma, Little Rebel

TROPICAL Storm Lekima, which had formed in the western Pacific Ocean, made landfall in the Philippine island of Luzon with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/hr., bringing heavy rain that triggered flash floods and landslides. At least 10 people were killed and 3,400 were affected. [NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Hazards for September 2007, published online October 2007, retrieved on September 12, 2017 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/hazards/200709]

That was nearly a decade ago. Today and the past week, Hurricane Harvey dumped record-breaking rains on the Houston area of Texas and Hurricane Irma lashed Cuba and devastated the Florida Keys in the United States. Still in North America, Hurricane Jose is following Irma through the Caribbean and Hurricane Katia is tracking through parts of eastern Mexico. So many hurricanes in Trumpland now, prompting some scientists to comment how climate has worsened the impacts of Atlantic hurricanes. [Andrew King, Climate Extremes Research Fellow, University of Melbourne, “Irma and Harvey: very different storms, but both affected by climate change,” The Conversation, 12 September 2017] Incidentally, five years ago, the Donald tweeted: “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.” 11:15 AM – 6 Nov 2012; https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/265895292191248385?lang=en]

Here in the Philippines, Typhoon Maring was the factor behind the recent deaths of a baby boy, two teenagers and a 43-year-old Lagunense. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council had confirmed two of the deaths that was caused by a rain-induced landslide. [http://www.malaya.com.ph/business-news/news/4-dead-‘maring’] More than 50 years ago, an earlier Maring (Tropical Depression 11W) had formed in the open Pacific Ocean on 21 July 1964 but had dissipated only two days later east of the Philippines, without making landfall.

The flooding caused by the recent tropical depression is a feature of life in this Austronesian maritime country of coastal dwellers, informal settlers and kaingeros. For instance, on 22 September 1941, Manuel L. Quezon, as President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, proclaimed the existence of a public calamity in the Province of Pampanga as a result of floods that had wrought havoc among the inhabitants.

As if that was not tragic enough, three months after Quezon’s Proclamation No. 753, Hirohito’s hordes invaded the Pearl of the Orient. So, is there a connection between climate change and conflict among human societies? If we agree with the Norwegian Nobel Committee and its Peace Prize awardee for 2007, then the answer must be in the affirmative.

“There are many lessons in human history which provide adequate warning about the chaos and destruction that could take place if we remain guilty of myopic indifference to the progressive erosion and decline of nature’s resources. Much has been written, for instance, about the Maya civilization, which flourished during 250–950 AD, but collapsed largely as a result of serious and prolonged drought. Even earlier, some 4000 years ago a number of well-known Bronze Age cultures also crumbled extending from the Mediterranean to the Indus Valley, including the civilizations, which had blossomed in Mesopotamia. More recent examples of societies that collapsed or faced chaos on account of depletion or degradation of natural resources include the Khmer Empire in South East Asia, Eastern Island, and several others. Changes in climate have historically determined periods of peace as well as conflict. The recent work of David Zhang has, in fact, highlighted the link between temperature fluctuations, reduced agricultural production, and the frequency of warfare in Eastern China over the last millennium.” [https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2007/ipcc-lectur...

The Asian and African mega-deltas, due to large populations and high exposure to sea level rise, are regions likely to be especially affected by climate change, with storm surges and river flooding shown to be catastrophic and possibly fatal to nations like the Maldives, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Nobel Peace Prize 2007 Lecture]

Clearly, public institutions have to upgrade their crisis and emergency management paradigms to deal with both natural and man-made hazards, recalling that on 02 December 1937, President Quezon created the National Flood Control Board to act in an advisory capacity to the government, then four years later, Quezon and the Commonwealth was embroiled in the Pacific War.

The dissonance re-echoes further with continuing news coverage of the impacts of Atlantic hurricanes in USA’s East Coast coincident with forest fires in America’s West Coast. Global warming palpable in Arizona. As well as in California where the Third Conference on WWII in the Philippines was recently held in San Francisco.

At this conference, experts and survivors from the Philippines, Canada and the United States were empaneled as a historical jury to discuss the Japanese “Hell Ships,” Tokyo’s war crimes in the Philippines and the role of the guerrillas during the Liberation of the Philippines, thereby helping American teachers make lesson plans and implementing California’s U.S. history curriculum framework for Grade 11.

The conference was sponsored by the Bataan Legacy Historical Society and the panel included Col. John Haramalis (an expert on war crimes who led a NATO Multinational Task Force against the last six internationally indicted fugitive war criminals in Bosnia), James Erickson (the leading expert on the Hell Ships), and Prof. Karganilla (from the University of the Philippines who has done extensive research on the guerrillas for the last 35 years). [http://usa.inquirer.net/6392/3rd-conference-world-war-ii-ph-set-san-fran...

Co-sponsored by Memorare Manila 1945 and the Philippine Studies Program of the University of San Francisco, this third annual conference “World War II in the Philippines” also featured Alice Benitez who not only survived Hirohito’s “sacred” war but also witnessed the activities of the guerrillas. She told the audience at the McLaren Conference Center: “I remember one time a runner warned us that there were some Japanese soldiers dropping by a store two houses away from ours. Lt. Ramsey was hastily escorted to the nipa hut at our backyard.”

“During Lt. Ramsey’s stay, there were two Americans who came frequently to our house. They were Capt. Charles Putnam and a young pilot. Capt. Putnam was the Commanding Officer of the Pangasinan-Tarlac Military District and my father was his deputy.”

“Since I was always in their midst, Capt. Putnam called me the ‘Little Rebel’.”
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

Column of the Day

The Donald’s Diplomacy

ABIGAIL VALTE's picture
By ABIGAIL VALTE | July 17,2018
‘This sort of behavior from the Leader of the Free World is quite disturbing as it upsets the order of things in the international front…’

Opinion of the Day

There goes Del Rosario again

Rey O. Arcilla's picture
By REY O. ARCILLA | July 17, 2018
‘Del Rosario said we could resort to multilateral support by the UN or the Asean to enforce the arbitral ruling on the South China Sea dispute. That merely shows his utter ignorance of how the two bodies work.’