August 22, 2017, 2:26 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07147 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19187 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03469 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02451 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03464 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03892 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5756 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03242 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.60051 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13349 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06121 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19907 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 389.56996 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03888 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01877 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.5721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12979 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.11442 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.13232 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82448 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43076 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44814 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91224 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25874 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45257 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01654 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03921 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0151 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08543 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.07628 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14152 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97957 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15221 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45349 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12172 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20354 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01888 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 259.9533 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07033 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.7087 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 640.80562 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08893 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47247 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12376 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00234 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33721 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.92995 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.16852 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.51314 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.14964 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01596 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.48297 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.09555 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.29364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98307 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22611 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26095 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05932 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01208 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1842 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34588 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01323 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.52267 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.3633 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15677 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02471 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64623 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30142 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.93073 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34414 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08344 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1006 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58844 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1538 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99066 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00749 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06301 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06168 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0504 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.34793 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07605 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14343 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.06149 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1508 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26075 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15772 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43211 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.94279 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.8776 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.39601 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17027 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.02102 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25583 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64604 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04749 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04262 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06846 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58973 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.43258 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49523 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.99416 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55517 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 80.17124 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19409 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 442.24558 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01985 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04832 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.84141 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05254 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76455 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95213 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.86379 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25581 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.98268 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.04223 Zimbabwe dollar

Marijuana risks

WE, humans, must be a naturally masochistic breed, especially in liberal societies, where people abuse democracy and freedom to their own detriment.

The world is already in turmoil, with conflicts and violence in several regions of the globe, killing millions of innocent victims, including the elderly and children, and here we are, making laws to legalize the use of an another addictive substance, marijuana, for recreational use, while the ravages of cigarettes are still widespread wiping out millions of lives prematurely.

According to the US-CDC, “cigarette smoking is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year in the United States, including more than 41,000 deaths resulting from secondhand smoke exposure. This is about one in five deaths annually, or 1,300 deaths every day. On average, smokers die 10 years earlier than nonsmokers.”

Of the more than one billion people worldwide who smoke, 6 million die annually (8 million by 2020) from tobacco-related diseases, about one dying every 4 seconds, according to the World Health organization. Tobacco kills almost 12 persons every minute, 720 every hour, 17,200 a day! That does not even include the 600,000 individuals who die from secondhand smoking every year. In the United States, 1,300 persons die each day from chronic tobacco use. In the Philippines, of the 17.3 million who smoke out of the 104,636 million population (as of today, August 6, 2017), 200 die each day.

As a cardiac surgeon, I appreciate and agree with legislation to allow the use of marijuana for medical conditions resistant to current standard medical treatment. This humanitarian applications of marijuana for the management of severe pains among cancer patients and others, and for tragic neuromuscular diseases, are compassionate and justified. 

Any law that legalizes the use of marijuana or any other addictive substance that devastates individuals, families, and societies is senseless, wrong, and unwise, not to mention, obviously unhealthy.

When uneducated or misinformed and irresponsible segment of society is able to pressure legislators to pass laws that are unwise and harmful to the people and the public as a whole, this is what happens: stupid laws, like legalization of the use of marijuana for recreational purposes, gets passed, like in many States in the USA. Hopefully, this tragedy does not occur in the Philippines. 

The Opium crisis and the 2 wars in China (First in 1839-42, the Second, 1856-60) the bloody conflicts that destroy Imperial China, as it ruined the lives of millions and the country as a whole, should be a part of history we should learn from and never forget. Yes, addictive substances, not only opiods which is also becoming rampant in the United States today, among other countries, could destroy a nation. 

What is marijuana?
Also nicknamed pot, weed, dope, ganja, and 402, marijuana is a very addictive drug that comes from dried cannabis sativa hemplant, whose active ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which causes hallucination. It is usually rolled cigarettes and smoked or smoked through a pipe, or brewed into tea or mixed with food or added to brownie cookies.

In the USA, what states have legalized marijuana?
Today, 26 states, soon to be 29, have some laws that broadly legalize the use of marijuana in some form. Seven states and the District of Columbia “have adopted the most expansive laws legalizing marijuana for recreational use.” Nevada, Massachusetts, California, and Maine have recently also legalize recreational marijuana, and other states could follow suit. It’s crazy but obviously, there are enough people (voters) to persuade lawmakers in these states to introduce and pass stupid laws in order to be politically correct among their constituents to gain their votes comes election time. This is a dangerous weakness of democracy and liberty, especially when the leaders are spineless and don’t give a damn. 

What parts of the brain does it act on?
The cannabinoid receptors in the brain that marijuana acts on are located in the cerebral cortex (concentration), hippocampus (memory), sensory part of the cerebral cortex (perception), and the cerebellum, substantia nigra and globus pallidus (movement). All these vital centers are affected by this addicting drug.

What are the ill-effects of marijuana?
The adverse effects include impaired coordination, skewed time and sensory perception, diminished capacity to think, concentrate and solve problem, reduced alertness, failures in academics, decreased attention span, impaired memory and learning, panic attack, mental distress, increased blood pressure, psychosis, depression, relationship difficulties, more proneness to break the law, failures in careers, suicide-proneness, paranoia, severe nausea, and vomiting. Pregnant mothers who use marijuana severely harm the brain and other organs of the fetus in her womb. For the brief euphoria marijuana provides, why would anyone use it, with all those unhealthy and dangerous effects on the body?

Although the legalization of marijuana is bringing in billions of dollars to those states, the destructive toll on human health and future of millions of users, many of them young people, hardly justifies the permissive laws. The argument that legalization eliminated illegal drug trafficking in some countries and in these states in the USA is like legalizing robbery which will, of course, eliminate the crime of theft and then claim we have zero theft? 

How popular is this abuse?
Marijuana is one of the most popular addictive substances among young people. The World Drug report estimated about 1 in 15 high school seniors in the USA uses marijuana daily or almost daily. This is an epidemic. Occasional users are also in the millions. Marijuana addicts are 7 times more likely to commit suicide compared to their peers who do not use this drug.

What are the withdrawal symptoms?
Some of the more common symptoms of withdrawal among chronic users of cannabis include headaches, loss of appetite, anxiety, depression, insomnia, irritability, nightmares, anger and labile emotion, and craving for the substance. All these are proportional to the degree, severity, and duration of us. Depending on the individual sensitivity, even the use of small dose could cause problems and withdrawal.

Smoking is legal. Inspite of being legal, did its use spare the countless lives lost to deadly heart attack, stroke, cancers, and other related diseases, and tobacco’s disastrous effects on the family and on society as a whole?

So, why allow another toxic drug in our communities where there are already more than enough harmful drugs that are maiming and killing our people?

Be vigilant and pro-active and pre-emptive. Call your legislators and let them know what’s in your heart.

***

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