July 19, 2018, 11:27 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

March of Mundane, Mysterious

MANILA, 10 March 1943 (Domei) – Utilizing the theory of crop rotation to the fullest, the Nippon Military Administration in the Philippines has specified what crops to be planted by cotton growers during the interval between the cotton seasons now that the first year’s cotton crops, under the Philippines cotton cultivation plan have been harvested. [http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/syonantimes19430312-1.2.32]

Mundane, yes. But wasn’t that the point? The fascist Japanese wanted the Filipinos to accept the enemy occupation of Rizal’s native land as the new normal. Hirohito’s henchmen obsessed that Rizal’s countrymen should and would accept their exploitation by the Oriental Hitlerites as the slot reserved for the Pearl of the Orient in Tokyo’s imperialist blueprint. In fact, Premier and General Hideki Tojo’s speech to the Diet, “promising independence to Burma within this year and to the Philippines in the near future...constitutes further evidence that Nippon is creating and establishing the Co-Prosperity Sphere while fighting.” [“Co-Prosperity Sphere Plan ‘Superior To Atlantic Charter,” Syonan Shimbun, 12 March 1943, Page 2; http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/syonantimes19430312-1.2.19]

Meanwhile, in Hamburg, the circus elephants, Kiri and Many, were used to clear wreckage after bombing raids. Were these animals “patriots” of Germany? Nazis? Prisoners of war? Forced labor? [Weird War Two, the eccentric encyclopedia published by the UK Imperial War Museums]

The Second World War had its share of mysteries: the ghost warplane of Pearl Harbor, “Foo Fighters,” and the Russian “Amber Room” that was stolen by the Nazis, among others. Are these phenomena on the same level as the Ubaid Lizardmen, Phaistos disk, or Roman dodecahedron? We wonder.

Ordinary Americans also wondered: Why wasn’t the United States more prepared for war? Response by the American First Lady: “Because after the last war we made up our minds that we were never going to have another war. We taught our children at home and on the college campuses that war never settled affairs of state to anyone’s satisfaction. We thoroughly convinced our young people of this, and they in turn convinced a great part of the country that we would never again have a period of war. Therefore, as we watched the rest of the world go to war, we simply insisted that staying at peace was something which we decided for ourselves and which had no relationship to the decisions of the rest of the world. Taking this attitude and feeling so secure, we quite naturally sent to Congress people who held the same opinion, and we upheld them in these opinions and would listen to no others.” [E. Roosevelt, Ladies’ Home Journal, Volume 59, March 1942; https://www2.gwu.edu/~erpapers/iyam/iyam_1942_03.cfm]

Humdrum, right? How about special footwear: Overshoes were designed for Special Operations Executive agents in Southeast Asia “intended to disguise footprints to fool the Japanese into believing they belonged to a local rather than a soldier.” [https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/unbelievable-images-from-weird-war-two]

This one sounds quotidian, garden-variety, plain vanilla: March 30—PRESIDENT Garcia started this day by reading the Holy Bible, particularly the chapter on Palm Sunday. He used the Bible presented to him by Francis Cardinal Spellman on one of the latter’s recent visits to Manila.

“The President today started taking fruit juice on the seventh day of his fasting. He sipped orange juice from slices of fresh oranges for breakfast, lunch, and supper. In between meals he took water with little sugar.” [http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1958/03/31/official-month-in-review-march-16-march-31-1958/]

Boring is better than mass slaughter (Rape of Nanjing, Bataan Death March) or crimes against humanity, including theft of personal and private property. Hitler in 1943 created “Son derauftrag Linz” to set up an art collection for the Austrian city of Linz and at least 53 of its paintings were seized by Nazis in Occupied Europe, according to Berlin historian Hanns Christian Löhr.

Calling Indiana Jones; intrigue remains, for instance: “The Amber Room of the Catherine Palace is one of the most famous missing cultural treasures...At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War (WWII), the Nazi invaders stripped the amber panels and all the decorations from the room, taking them to the city of Konigsberg (present-day Kaliningrad). What happened to the treasure after that still remains a mystery.” [http://tass.com/society/971144]

Back in the world of the run-of-the-mill: PRESIDENT Roxas and the First Lady spent a quiet Easter. With the members of his family, the President heard the Regular Easter mass in Malacañan chapel said by Rev. Father Guese, chaplain of the Presidential Guards. Following the service, President Roxas and his family took a simple breakfast and later he went to Malacañan Park across Pasig River and played golf with his usual golf links “buddies”, including Secretary Garchitorena, Jose Yulo, Ernesto Rufino, Luis de Leon, J. Amado Araneta and others. [http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1948/03/01/official-month-in-review-march-1948/]

Sometimes the heart-stopping developments take place indoors. The best enigma is that of code-breaking. “In March of 1943, Ultra yielded a German code word recognized as signifying a shift to an additional (fourth) rotor within the Enigma machine itself. The blood of the men at Bletchley ran cold. Unless this move could be countered in short order, there was the grim prospect of another extended blackout on decipherment - sheer disaster at that critical juncture. Bletchley concentrated its every resource and, unbelievably, in ten days found a solution to the problem.” [Harold C. Deutsch, “The Historical Impact of Revealing The Ultra Secret”; https://www.nsa.gov/news-features/declassified-documents/cryptologic-spectrum/assets/files/ultra_secret.pdf]

Since the discipline of math and logic strikes the indolent as tedious, the world of Lara Croft: Tomb Raider beckons. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was alleged to have hidden stolen treasures in his area of operations. Similar to the fabled Yamashita gold. In March of 2017, the City Council gave the go-signal to treasure hunter Eliseo Cabusao Jr. to extract what he believes is the Yamashita treasure underneath the Baguio Convention Center. [http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2017/03/15/yamashita-hunt-baguio-531043]

Good luck finding those Easter eggs. The Overseas Korean Cultural Heritage Foundation estimated that 66,824 Korean national treasures were taken to Japan, but the existence of a secret list suggests there are more. [“Japan Hid Looted Korean Treasures,” http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2014/07/29/2014072901190.html]
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