June 24, 2018, 11:04 pm
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Malvar: A hero’s call

HE was the “commanding general of the forces of the departmental government of Batangas” of the Philippine Republic, and with this authority he gave Agueda Kahabagan her military commission as a General of the Revolution. [http://malacanang.gov.ph/3622-artemio-ricarte-on-the-arrest-and-executio...

And the Philippines celebrated his 152nd birth anniversary last Wednesday, September 27. In fact, four members of the Research, Publications and Heraldry Division of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines sponsored the first school premiere of “Miguel Malvar: Dulo ng Digmaan” at the Philippine History and Master of Management classes of Prof. Karganilla at the College of Arts and Sciences as part of the Area Studies Week of the University of the Philippines Manila.

Produced by Ninjadog Studios Inc., the new Malvar documentary re-introduces the successor of Aguinaldo as Commander-in-chief of the Philippine Republic that was inaugurated at Malolos in 1899. This 30-minute biopic of General (and later President) Malvar features some of his descendants (Dr. Bernardo M. Villegas, Gabby Malvar).

Directed by Louise Mendoza, the well-made “Miguel Malvar: Dulo ng Digmaan” not only fleshes out the humanity of the “Blade of Batangas” but also brings home to Filipino viewers the inhumanity of the invaders during the Philippine-American War. The short film presents Malvar as a farmer and family man, as gobernadorcillo and Katipunero, and as guerrilla general.

This documentary is expected to be shared with the citizens of the Pearl of the Orient who are urged to learn more from official (http://malacanang.gov.ph/76527-general-miguel-malvar/) and scholarly sources:

(1) General Miguel Malvar, along with General Paciano Rizal, opposed the Aguinaldo-Spanish truce signed at Biak-na-Bato, as unnecessary, if not detrimental to the cause of the Revolution. [Floro Quibuyen, “Rizal and Filipino Nationalism: Critical Issues,” Philippine Studies, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2002, pp. 193-229]

(2) “During the Philippine Revolution, he led his troops in the Battles of Indang, Bailen, Magallanes, and Alfonso, all fought in Cavite. He was soon promoted to General and was named Commanding General of Batangas upon the organization of the Revolutionary Government. In the Philippine-American War, General Malvar led his armies in the Battle of San Pedro Tunasan, Calamba, and Cabuyao in Laguna. Eventually, he was commissioned Division General in charge of all the provinces in Southern Luzon. When President Emilio Aguinaldo was captured on March 23, 1901, Malvar assumed control of all the Filipino forces, reversing President Aguinaldo’s declaration of surrender. As the American Civil Government was established in the provinces, the resistance led by General Malvar in Batangas continued to attack American forces with great losses on his side. He eventually surrendered to the Americans on April 16, 1902, in Batangas, having been betrayed by his former officers.” [Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. The Official Calendar of the Republic of the Philippines: An Almanac of Philippine Commemorations. Enlivened With Illustrations And Information. Manila: Office of the President of the Philippines, 2014, p. 202]

(3) By June of 1902, General Malvar, along with General Lukban, had been the “sole remaining Filipino chiefs of any prominence.” [William R. Shepherd, “Record of Political Events,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 2, June 1902, pp. 346-368]

(4) “The skilled command of Major General Miguel Malvar and massive civilian support throughout the region created a hostile environment for American troops, who in frustration turned to increasingly vicious tactics.” [Matthew David Shouse. “Foreign Occupation And The Development Of Filipino Nationalism.” A Thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri. In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts. December 2010. pages 56-57]

(5) “General Malvar, however, who was commander in chief of the Batangas zone, assumed leadership, first of Southern Luzon and later of what remained of the entire revolutionary army. From Mount Makiling, his hiding place within forty miles of Manila, he issued a manifesto stating that it was his purpose to struggle until the recognition of Philippine Independence, leaving to the Central Committee in Hong Kong the solution of the diplomatic problem. Malvar was for more than a year longer able to elude his American pursuers and to maintain guerrilla warfare in the department of southern Luzon which comprised the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, Tayabas and Mindoro.” [Maximo Manguiat Kalaw. The Development Of Philippine Politics (1872-1920): An Account Of The Part Played By The Filipino Leaders And Parties In The Political Development Of The Philippines. Manila: Oriental Commercial Company, Inc., 1927]

(6) “Malvar, like Mabini and the Guerreros, was the embodiment of the glory of Filipino youth.” [Speech of His Excellency Carlos P. Garcia, President of the Philippines, As we commemorate Magsaysay Day, Delivered at the Luneta Independence Grandstand on August 31, 1957]

Somebody should bring Malvar to life in this week’s Cosplay Mania 2017 at the SMX Convention Center. 
Other items of recent interest:

(1)“As we mark the 45th year since the declaration of Martial Law under Marcos, we remember the brave men and women who offered their lives during those brutal years to restore the Greenpeace is strongly calling for accountability for those martial law atrocities that were imposed against our nation, against our people. We call on our Government to fulfill its duty to protect the human rights of Filipinos. Never again should we allow our human rights to be trampled.” [Greenpeace Statement on the 45th anniversary of the Declaration of Martial Law]

(2) What defines the essence of the authoritarian personality is...the inability to rely on one’s self, to be independent, to put it in other words: to endure freedom. The opposite of the authoritarian character is the mature person: a person who does not need to cling to others because he actively embraces and grasps the world, the people, and the things around him.” [Erich Fromm, “The Authoritarian Personality,” Deutsche Universitätszeitung, Band 12 (Nr. 9, 1957), pp. 3-4]

(3) “My present viewpoint on absolute liberalism, anarchism, and even democracy is that these things are fine in theory, but not feasible in practice...” [Mao Zedong, “Communism And Dictatorship,” Extracted from two letters to Ts’ai Ho-sen in November 1920 and January 1921]

Any successor to President Malvar becomes worthy of his legacy by crushing the Chinese mafia, Vietnamese poachers, Islamic terrorists and other alien invasive species infesting the Haringbayan.
Rating: 
No votes yet

Column of the Day

Unbridled brazenness

DODY LACUNA's picture
By DODY LACUNA | June 22,2018
‘Outrage over the killing of priests today in our country will persist and, if real justice is not served soon will, in all probability, combine for a growing social and political unrest with a polarized Church.’

Opinion of the Day

Tough days ahead

Jose Bayani Baylon's picture
By JOSE BAYANI BAYLON | June 22, 2018
‘It’s high stakes and tightrope walking that also means that a small miscalculation could upend everything.’