May 24, 2018, 6:06 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07022 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04971 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03427 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46553 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02521 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03403 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03824 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.6174 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0318 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.47954 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02536 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13117 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30067 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19226 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 382.79159 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0382 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02445 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01907 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.17151 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12202 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.9522 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.70612 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78834 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41644 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3891 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12076 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94646 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21398 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34149 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52008 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03927 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08859 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89503 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.06501 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14027 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93289 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15004 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45428 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11999 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19751 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1499 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 271.08987 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06827 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30228 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 804.0153 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99809 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38145 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0135 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12293 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91587 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30863 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.2065 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.91109 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.20841 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.57725 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00577 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.29369 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.08222 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.77629 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0153 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.55793 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24207 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05829 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01187 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02595 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18017 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31807 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99293 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.85086 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.83174 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15455 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76864 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65679 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29771 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.64149 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37878 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24208 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88337 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59598 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15388 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08185 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02752 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00735 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0627 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06117 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20841 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06955 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.60994 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06959 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07495 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17737 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.18375 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15039 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26023 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34331 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16581 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.13958 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7457 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.36138 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1673 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.84665 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24215 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61434 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04906 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04426 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08746 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12714 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57119 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.51816 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49847 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.12811 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59981 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 152.58126 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1501.96941 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.35373 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08088 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0494 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05163 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92218 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.7782 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24216 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.22562 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91969 Zimbabwe dollar

Juvenile justice and welfare (2)

EXCERPTED from Sen. Pangilinan’s speech at the 3rd National Family Courts Summit, Manila Hotel, 3 August 2017:

Police statistics show that less than 2 percent of offenses or crimes committed under our criminal laws are by minors; 98%+ are committed by adults. Adolescents are less able to consider the long-term consequences of their actions; they are less concerned about risk, and more concerned about rewards; they are defenseless to coercive, bullying circumstances. And they cannot assert their own decisions and get themselves away from crime-prone settings. 

PNP candidly admitted that children in conflict with the law are often used and abused by adults, including people in authority like family, scalawag policemen and corrupt barangay officials. They are very, very vulnerable. In such situations, children are powerless. They fear retribution, do not have or are not aware of alternative actions, or they look up to or are emotionally attached to these criminal influences around them. 

Data will show that behind children in conflict with the law (hamog boys or the bukas kotse gang of drug-runners) look up to criminal syndicates; adults who prey and take advantage of their obedience as children. Also, unlike adults, adolescents are more susceptible to peer pressure because at this stage, they desire for approval and belonging. Peers and adults serve as models of behavior. Peer pressure is a major factor why juvenile crimes tend to happen in groups or gangs. The law ought to get after gangs and criminal syndicates. The law must not put first-offender kids in with hardened criminals.

 Why are we so hung on putting children aged 9 in jail when less than 2% of the crimes are committed by kids? The second principle under the law is: It takes a village to raise a child. With this, the law provided for the creation of local councils for the protection of children. I don’t have the data now but I assume that many of these councils are not functional or have not been created. This is a challenge. None of us want our children to be taken cared of by government. It’s not government’s responsibility to take care of children. It is the parents’, it is the family, and at most, the extended family--the community.

So we have to have community participation and involvement. The local councils for the protection of children was envisioned to be a group composed of citizens, personalities, organizations, community, Rotary, Kiwanis, Catholic Women’s League, NGOs coming together and deciding, providing inputs for how children in conflict with the law maybe cared for and the issue addressed in their communities. Apart from the creation of the councils for the protection of children, the comprehensive juvenile intervention programs, community-based programs on
juvenile justice and welfare, and community diversion programs. All these are meant to make children in conflict with the law accountable for their action while ensuring their rehabilitation to become useful, responsible citizens of the country.

How have we done so far? In 2014, UNICEF commissioned an evaluation to assess these programs involving 15 facilities. These are the Regional Rehabilitation & Youth Centers, Bahay Pag-Asa. The good news: Most facilities provide an enabling environment for rehabilitation.

There, most youth offenders were able to continue their formal schooling. Some were able to attend vocational training programs. And the residential programs were able to reshape their behavior through various spiritual, value-formation, and recreational activities.

Sen. Pangilinan concludes: “I remember one case, he was here in Manila, he was 14 years old, he was a leader of a gang, and he was involved also in the use of drugs. If the law were not in place, clearly he would have been brought to the city jail, clearly they would have filed criminal cases against him and obviously, that record would have condemned him for life, as a rule. But this boy, because of the law, went through a diversion program with the ERDA Foundation. He was given the necessary skills. So from being a gang leader, he is now a sales assistant in one of the convenience stores here in Manila; a new life. 

“Another case, acts of lasciviousness, a boy 16 years old, the father of the girl filed a criminal case, etc. acts of lasciviousness. If this law was not in place, he would have been tried in our regular criminal courts and obviously put in the city jail, etc. but because of this law, he was able to go through a diversion program, ended up going through a course on marine/seafaring; now a seaman sending money to his parents. He would not been such without this law. Therefore this is precisely giving our young people a second chance because we all make mistakes. 

“The UNICEF-commissioned study thus recommended: Fully implement and adequately comply with the law and its 2013 amendment, including the allocation of sufficient funds and competent people. Things have developed and progressed, have become a little better than before in terms of the implementation of this law. In Davao region for example, when this law was passed, there was only one rehabilitation center for the youth offenders. Today, there are five.

“The law, in 2013 when in was amended, provided for additional close to half a billion pesos worth of funds for infrastructure building and rehabilitation centers. At the same time we must continue to close the gap between what the law provides and how the law is understood and implemented by government officials particularly the local government and also how it is understood and reported by the mass media.

“The truth is, more than half of the crimes committed by youthful offenders are crimes against property, stealing personal property. And close to 90% of these offenders are actually first-time offenders. We must recognize that first offense. The recidivists, hardened, unreformed, incorrigible youth, would be around 10% of the cases, yet this 10% seems to be the poster boy for the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Council. They don’t talk about the 90%, the first time offenders. They’re talking about those who committed serious offenses. So we have to also explain, and be able to connect, communicate.

“For standing firm with children in conflict with the law, and with the law that keeps them away from adult detention centers, we have been criticized repeatedly. Somebody said that the law is the stupid ‘Pangilinan law’ but that’s okay because I know that many young people have benefited from this law. Many have been able to turn a new leaf. Many have better futures precisely because this law is in place. So let the critics say what they want. We have a law that has provided our people with the opportunity to move away from wrongdoing. Let us give young people who have gone astray this opportunity. Let us allow them to start anew. Let us all do our part to properly implement the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act, as amended. Let us, as a village, do what’s right for our children.” 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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