June 22, 2018, 12:49 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06897 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04526 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03404 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52113 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03343 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03756 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57728 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03184 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00709 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.88225 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02522 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12883 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07009 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.277 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19573 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.96244 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03752 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02494 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.01146 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12169 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.86948 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.59718 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78854 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41869 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33333 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12088 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93052 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20053 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33502 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51117 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03897 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01425 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08833 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87962 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.05164 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14052 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88526 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14739 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44866 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1197 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23812 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.22103 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.46479 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06819 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27817 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.23474 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 796.99531 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05333 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4507 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01331 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06607 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89577 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28255 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.84601 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92488 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.90141 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.8492 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0154 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40488 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.33333 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.26291 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00282 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.66254 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2584 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05725 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01165 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17921 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31576 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99324 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.69014 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.33333 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15181 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.66667 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65765 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29239 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.39812 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3853 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07515 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25797 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74178 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59151 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15379 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0385 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0272 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06164 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06142 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28545 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06993 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.70047 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06835 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07565 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1966 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95174 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07042 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14841 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25277 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33719 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16718 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41701 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.29577 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57277 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.4216 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16432 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67099 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25817 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61446 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04845 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04326 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08905 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56648 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.59155 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49596 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.33803 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59211 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.69953 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1498.59155 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 429.12676 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02911 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04869 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0507 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92432 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69202 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25823 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.4554 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79624 Zimbabwe dollar

Justice for Atio...

From Benjie Oliveros of Bulatlat Perspective, we learn:  This is why fraternities are very popular among apprehensive, insecure law students. A fledgling apprehensive, insecure lawyer could use a lot of help from “brothers” in big law firms, for jobs, in the judiciary, for favorable decisions in the cases they handle, in Congress, for the laws they are lobbying for or against, and in government, for contracts, franchises, and the like.

This system of fraternities is one of the factors that perpetuate the kind of politics the country has: violent, VIOLENT, with a propensity for cover up, yes, COVER UP... and heavy on patronage...The dark side of utang na loob.  Why? Because they start to train future politicians and members of the judiciary – on the kind of politics that we have – hazing-style violence...while they are still young, apprehensive, insecure, in law school.   

Each time I complete my tragedy list of neophytes’ death, another reader would send in additional names known to them or from their communities whose deaths were not publicized, and therefore not in my previous hazing death lists:

The first recorded hazing fatality in the nation was Gonzalo Mariano Albert of the University of the Philippines (UP) in 1954.  The death of Lenny Villa, killed by Aquila Legis of Ateneo in 1991 created the Anti-Hazing law.  New names in my list:
Emerson Berry Jr. — A 16-year-old fourth year student from the Casanayan National High School was beaten and died in initiation rites by members of the Beta Sigma Rho brotherhood in Pilar, Capiz.

Fernando Balidoy — An 18-year-old probationary midshipman died as he was undergoing initiation conducted by upperclassmen of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy.

Monico de Guzman — A Philippine Military Academy plebe whose death was attributed to illness by academy officials. His father, however, believes Monico Jr died of the notorious “beat attack” against entrants in boot camp.

Edward Domingo — The 23-year-old Camiling, Tarlac native and Philippine Military Academy cadet reportedly died of cardio-respiratory attack due to injuries he suffered from hard blows to the lower part of the rib cage. Two cadets were convicted for homicide.

Ace Bernabe Ekid — The 21-year-old was said to have died from stroke due to rigorous training exercises at the Philippine Military Academy. His family and friends, however, insisted Ace was a victim of hazing and foul play.

On the death of Gonzalo Albert by Sigma Phi of U.P.  On the death of Marvin Reglos, law freshman of San Beda, where are those guilty Lambda Rho Beta today?  On the deaths of Nor Silongan, 16,  criminology student at Notre Dame of Tacurong College,  Noel Borja, Alternative Learning Systems student, Chester Paulo Abracia, sophomore marine technology student, Enverga U, Lucena, where are their  killer-fratmen of Tau Gamma Phi today? On the death of Menardo Clamucha, second year criminology student of U.Iloilo, and Dan Robert Talibutab, St. Therese College, Iloilo,  where are their killers from the   Fraternity of Young Criminologists?   

On the death of EJ Intia of U.Makati, with those Alpha Phi Omega fratmen involved, where are these masters today?   On the death of John Mark Dugan, 19, sophomore of Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific.  On the death of Dennis Victorina of U.P., where are those guilty Sigma Rhoans today?  On the death of Guillo Cesar Servando of St. Benilde, where are the Tau Gamma Phi fratmen involved?  On the death of Marc Andre Marcos of San Beda, where are the Lex Leonum fratmen involved today?  On the death of John Daniel Samparanda, Lyceum Cavite,  where are those Tau Gamma Phi fratmasters today?  On the death of Noel Borja Jr., 15, in the hands of Gamma Phi masters.   On the death of Elvin Sinaluan, 21, and Glacy Monique Dimaranan, 15, with a bullet  during initiation.  Where are those Scout Royal Brotherhood-Laguna killers today?

On the death of Karl Anthony Gaudicos, 18, engineering student, Holy Cross Davao College, where are the Tau Gamma Phi and Tau Gamma Sigma masters today?  On the death of Cris Anthony Mendez, U.P. student dead during a mauling, where Sigma Rho deny knowledge of the mauling? On the death of Jan Angelo Dollete of Capiz, where are his Alpha Phi Omega killers today?  On the death of Clark Anson Silverio, UP mechanical engineering student, where today are his Tau Gamma Phi masters? On the death of Frederick Cahiyang of the U.Visayas in Cebu.  On the death of Raul Camaligan of San Beda College.  On the death of  Felipe Narne of Araullo in Cabanatuan City.  On the death of Dennis Cenedoza of the Cavite Naval Training Center.  

On the death of Marlon Villanueva, AgEcon of UPLB, a conspiracy to keep secret the name of a brutal frat? On the death of Mark Welson Chua, UST killed by fellow students for whistle-blowing on corruption or victim of hazing, whose conspiracy to murk the case?   On the death of  Joselito Mangga of the Philippine Merchant Marine Institute.  On the death of  Joselito Hernandez, U.P. Baguio City.  On the death of Rafael Root Albano III, medical student FEU, Laguna in a conspiracy, where are the involved Sigma Mu frat members today?  

On the death of Fernando Balidoy, 18, in a hazing; where are those upperclassmen of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy today?   On Monico de Guzman,  Edward Domingo, Ace Bernabe Ekid, PMA plebes, where are their mistahs today who allowed these plebes to be maltreated inhumanely to destruction?  On the death of Emerson Berry Jr, Casanayan HS, where are those of the Beta Sigma Rho who killed him in Capiz?  On the death of John Mark Dugan, 19, marine cadet, where today are his masters who killed him during hazing.

The next freshman to die from brutality of  fraternity masters’ hazing may be your son or grandson.   Or some young man you know who do not deserve to be beaten to death by imaginary brothers.  Warn your young boys early and seriously against killer fraternity brods.   The first to die was Lenny Villa.   Latest hazing initiation victim last month  was Atio Castillo III,  UST freshman law, dead in the hands of the Aegis Juris fraternity.

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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