August 23, 2017, 12:26 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07147 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01654 Euro
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.14152 Guatemala Quetzal
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1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Indian Rupee
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1 Philippine Peso = 17.51314 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.14964 Korean Won
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1 Philippine Peso = 26.52267 Myanmar Kyat
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.15677 Macau Pataca
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.34414 Mexican Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.25604 Namibian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.1538 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99066 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00749 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06301 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06168 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0504 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.34793 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07605 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14343 Russian Rouble
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1508 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26075 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15772 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43211 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.94279 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.8776 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.39601 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17027 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.02102 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25583 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64604 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04749 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04262 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06846 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58973 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.43258 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49523 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.99416 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55517 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 80.17124 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19409 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 442.24558 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01985 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04832 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.84141 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05254 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76455 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95213 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.86379 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25581 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.98268 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.04223 Zimbabwe dollar

Jigsaw intelligence

IT seems that the military establishment is still run like a fat, plodding bureaucracy. 

Supreme Court Associate Justice Mariano del Castillo blames the “total failure of intelligence that practically caught the military by surprise” in Marawi. 

Solicitor-General Jose Calida could only say before the SC that intelligence-gathering was similar to a jigsaw puzzle and putting together classified information was not perfect. (Calida would never admit that Estelito Mendoza would have done a better job if he was contracted by Malacanang to help the Sol-Gen before the SC.) Well, Calida just painted a correct picture of bewilderment and puzzlement of top intelligence and security officials over the Marawi attack. When all they knew was that Isnilon Hapilon was in Marawi City and that the military had come to arrest him, indeed there is much to worry about the capacity of the intelligence units of the Armed Forces led by the NICA to cope with the complex manner of deployment, intelligence and recruitment of Islamic terror groups. 

President Duterte himself must have been fed with misleading information, or the lack of it, when he dismissed the Maute group as only a bunch of drug traffickers. And, repeatedly the military has downplayed as propaganda the claim of the little known Maute group and a faction of the Abu Sayaf pledging allegiance to ISIS. 

If there is any solid form of advanced technical and technological proficiency in intelligence gathering and analysis, it must have been lost somewhere in the web of administrative, financial, operational, acquisition, accountability and deployment sections and divisions, as well as in the layers of command, control and review, of the DND and NICA. Patronage acquisition and purchasing become apparent in really bad implementation which, of course, is very common with huge national projects, mainly because tons of money have gone to the “intended” wrong suppliers. Regrettably, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana is not savvy enough to lead his department in protecting the nation against well-equipped, well-funded and extremely- intelligence-grounded terror groups.

It must be a cultural trait going back a long way imposed on subordinates to make their superiors look good. The corporate world is abuzz with toxic climates created by bosses dumping demands on employees and setting short deadlines. In the military, it spells tragedy.

Thirteen Marines gave up their lives and scores were wounded in the bloodiest one-day firefight of the Marawi siege. They had been pushed by their ground commanders to retake the remaining enemy positions. This was after the armchair generals had reportedly given orders for Marawi to be freed by June 12 to coincide with the nation’s celebration of its 119th year of independence. It was supposed to be a huge and sumptouos gift to the President already weary by the prolonged war and hungry for a victory. Marines spokesman Major Ryan Lacuesta told this columnist during the wake of the gallant 13 that the WestMinCom Chief was almost sure that the ground commanders would not let them down. Lacuesta said that he himself was confident the ground commanders would know what tactical operations to undertake against the enemy who were mostly entrenched in unknown positions.

Apparently, Duterte must have felt the guilty pangs of a Commander-In Chief who did not stand in the way of the AFP Chief and the regional commanders from proceeding that way.

Presidential spokesman Ernesto Abella was probably right in saying that Duterte did not order it, promptly distancing the Chief Executive from what many now regard as a major blunder.

A platoon of his “boys” led by 1st Lt. John Frederick Savellano proved to be more than the kind of men their commanders portrayed themselves to be. Their ultimate sacrifice was their countrymen’s victory that fateful day, which , indeed, all of us should relish as a tribute to them and the other soldiers who gave their lives in Marawi. Duterte had rushed to Villamor Air Base less than two hours after the plane bearing the coffins of the slain soldiers arrived last Saturday night. Forty-eight hours after coming face to face with the remains of the 13 marines and their grief-stricken families, he would cancel all his official appointments for the next three days .Duterte did not need that kind of hoopla from the generals who were out to show that symbols were mightier than life itself. They seemed convinced that Marawi City should be retaken completely by June 12 and that the rewards from the President would outweigh the tremendous costs.
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