July 22, 2018, 2:06 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

Hitlerism and historical justice

INJUSTICE? Elusive peace? Because the big job is not completed. The Allies won World War Two but the “struggle for victory over Hitlerism” (Declaration by the United Nations, 01 January 1942) goes on:

(1) The United Nations Secretary General António Guterres remarked at a ceremony marking the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust, “Across the world, the state of hate is high...Decades after the Holocaust, Nazi symbols and slogans remain chillingly present...Neo Nazis and their supporters are very actively doing something else that is a source of concern. They are busily trying to rebrand themselves — to present a kinder and gentler image to win wider appeal.” [“As Neo-Nazism, White Supremacy Spread, People Must Unite to Prevent Normalization of Hate,” 31 January 2018; https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/sgsm18880.doc.htm]

(2) Last 10 June 2018, Alexandre Jandaeng, 34, a French tourist in Thailand, was surprised to see Nazi paraphernalia openly on sale to visitors to the resort city of Pattaya. [https://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/1482437/french-tourist-shocked-...

(3) “Do neo-Nazi groups exist in other Asian countries? Yes, in Indonesia, Singapore, and Japan. In Singapore, there’s a Nazi black-metal band called As Sahar.” – Mr. Slay of Boot Axe [https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/jmv73p/the-malaysian-nazis-fighting-f...

(4) “The pernicious ideology of Nazism had endured...forces still used the freedom of opinion and expression to provoke hatred. Belarus rejected efforts to glorify Nazism and militant nationalism, and stood against campaigns to denigrate those who had paid a high price during the Second World War.” [UN General Assembly Third Committee approves 16 Drafts with Friction Exposed in Contentious Votes on Glorification of Nazism, Cultural Diversity, Right to Development, 16 November 2017; [https://www.un.org/press/en/2017/gashc4221.doc.htm]

(5) An Indonesian visual effects museum that encouraged visitors to take selfies with a waxwork of Hitler against a giant image of the Auschwitz death camp had removed the exhibit after protests. [http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-13/indonesian-museum-withdraws-hitler...

(6) In December of 2016, students at Kuang Fu High School, a private school in the city of Hsinchu in northern Taiwan, had dressed up in Nazi uniforms and held up swastika banners during a parade celebrating the school’s 62nd anniversary. [https://www.dw.com/en/principal-of-taiwanese-school-resigns-over-nazi-pa...

(7) The Pegasus imprint of India’s B. Jain Publishing Group spotlighted Hitler (among 11 leaders “who will inspire you”) in a children’s book. [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/17/world/asia/india-hitler-childrens-boo...

(8) An Iranian Internet site for devotees of Nazi Germany has been allowed to reopen after being blocked briefly by government censors. [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-nazi-website/iran-nazi-website-a...

(9) In Australia – Antipodean Resistance is a neo-Nazi group...expresses veneration for Adolf Hitler and espouses National Socialism (Nazism) as an ideology. It is hostile to all people they consider to be non-Europeans, but Jews are seen as the primary and ultimate enemy. [http://www.abc.net.au/religion/articles/2018/04/20/4833287.htm]

(10) The establishment of a Hamilton neighborhood watch group called the Sons of Odin, a recent neo-Nazi meeting held at a west-end branch of the Toronto Public Library, and the Canada Post’s refusal to distribute the controversial paper, Your Ward News—make the realization that extremist groups were alive and well in Canada. [https://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/historys-lessons-on-dealing-with-can...

(11) The stronghold of neo-Nazism in Brazil is the country’s south and south-east, from Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul, the regions that received the bulk of Brazil’s German, Italian and Polish immigrants. South America was also known for receiving Nazis fleeing from the defeat of Hitler’s Germany in the Second World War. [https://www.ft.com/content/f9ee01ca-ce49-11e6-864f-20dcb35cede2]

In the Land of the Rising Sun, there is apparently a National Socialist Japanese Workers party. [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/09/neo-nazi-photos-pose-heada... Be that as it may, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East had indicted 28 accused (Japanese) with Crimes against Peace, Conventional War Crimes, and Crimes against Humanity during the period from the 1st of January, 1928, to the 2nd of September, 1945. [http://werle.rewi.hu-berlin.de/tokio.pdf] Can the verdict of history be overtaken by Nazi chic or visits to Shinto shrines? This and other questions will probably be tackled at an international conference scheduled this weekend in Manila. The essence of the powwow is explained in this open letter:

“Dear Hon. Secretary Puyat,

We are very happy to hold the 2018 International Conference of NGOs in Manila, Philippines. There will be about 60 overseas delegates from 11 countries including Korea, Japan, China, Southeast Asia, and Europe. The purpose of this conference is to promote understanding, peace, and reconciliation in East Asia and to help overseas delegates to understand the culture and history of the Philippines.

We also promote human exchanges and cultural programs between the Philippines and other Asian countries. This conference also provides two-day field-trips for overseas delegates which will be important for them to learn and understand Philippine history and culture. This occasion will be an important opportunity for most of the overseas delegates to get to know about the Philippines better and understand it because it is their first visit to the Philippines. We are going to promote follow-up programs with Philippine partners and organizations about this Conference such as cultural exchange programs, developing tourism, joint educational programs, and youth programs. Most overseas delegates are opinion leaders in their countries and play important roles in their community as well as in international field. 

Through this Conference, they can have very good impression and become promoters of culture and tourism of the Philippines in the future. Therefore, I sincerely appreciate your support and cooperation for our conference on behalf of the Conference Organizing Committee. I expect our relations and connection between the Department of Philippine Tourism and all overseas delegates will be improved and developed. I also will include the acknowledgement of the sponsorship of the Department of Tourism of the Philippines in my Conference Program
Book so all participants can recognize it.

Sincerely, Sungho Kang, Secretary-general, History NGO Forum for Peace in East Asia”
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