July 22, 2018, 2:26 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

Historical reality In East Asia

NEARLY 200 delegates from 11 countries recently gathered at the AG New World Manila Bay Hotel and this is their Statement:

“We, the delegates meeting in Manila at the International Conference of NGOs on Historical Justice and Peaceful Community in East Asia from 06-09 July 2018 welcome and strongly support the April 2018 inter-Korean Summit and the April 2018 Panmunjom Declaration that promises a long-awaited peace and genuine security for the peoples of the Korean peninsula and the East Asian region. 

“This historic development signifies the end of the Cold War in one region of East Asia. On behalf of all the peoples of East Asia, Southeast Asia and the larger Asia-Pacific region, we sincerely urge all state parties to the Korean War to bring an end to this war by replacing the Korean Armistice Agreement with a comprehensive peace treaty that will guarantee genuine peace, security, prosperity and development for all East Asian peoples. 

“The long struggle of the South Korean people for democratic development and the realization of popular sovereignty culminated in the 2016-2017 Candlelight Revolution, which brought about significant political development in South Korea. Because of this historic and extremely meaningful event, we believe that there now exists the real possibility for Japan to re-examine its historical past without being burdened by any Cold War considerations. We also believe that the Candlelight Revolution can inspire others caught up in internecine ethnic and religious conflicts to overcome their differences, forge peace and build a new social consensus based on understanding, mutual co-existence, respect for human rights and an appreciation of our human diversity. 

“This reorganization of the old Cold War international order in East Asia also allows all countries and peoples of the region to forge a new framework of international relations; one that is relevant to the 21st Century. We therefore call upon all countries of East Asia, Southeast Asia and the Asia- Pacific region to forge new, non-aligned foreign policy positions that confront the destabilizing geo-political hegemony, rivalry and contests of big powers in the region. Central to this new path is a complete denuclearization of the Korean peninsula and of all other countries and seas in this region. Denuclearization will ensure our common future and will also guarantee Asean’s commitment to Southeast Asia remaining a Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality.

“Asia-Pacific governments owe it to their citizens and to future generations to chart an independent foreign policy path that encourages understanding, strengthens inter-cultural communication, deepens mutual respect, supports civil liberties and promotes people-to-people exchanges that ultimately strengthens international solidarity and peace across our countries.

“With the end of this Cold War framework in East Asia, we the delegates of the 2018 International NGO Conference on Historical Justice and Peace Community hereby commit ourselves to build this new framework that we so dearly desire so as to bring genuine peace, security and development to all our countries and its peoples. We invite all East, Southeast and Asia-Pacific governments and peoples to commit to do likewise. ”

At this Conference, Eduardo C. Tadem (retired Professor of Asian Studies at the University of the Philippines Diliman) described: “In many cases, manifestations of chauvinism, jingoism and right-wing ultrapatriotism have surfaced. Such an atmosphere makes almost impossible the peaceful resolution of territorial conflicts.” 

Meanwhile, Vu Ngoc Binh (Senior Adviser, Institute for Population, Family and Children Studies under the Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations) stressed: “Asean Community by 2015 – the magic spell of the governments. Unfortunately, common people in Asean are not well informed that very soon they will be placed in a giant community with people from their neighboring countries. Without a genuine involvement of Asean’s men and women in this process, the main challenge is about the capability of future Asean Community to finally free its people from exploitation and marginalization.”

Another panel on historical issues in this Conference featured Vanessa L. Ilustrisimo-Fajardo (Court Attorney V in the Supreme Court of the Philippines) who reviewed judicial cases on the so-called Yamashita gold and concluded that: “One, plundering matters, which included quests for hidden treasures, are discussed, explicitly or at times, implicitly in jurisprudence; two, treasure hunting has been significant in Philippine culture and the interest to it captivated numerous people, who, interestingly, included public officials and employees.”

On sustainable development, Alma V. Labro (research associate at the University of the Philippines Manila) interviewed Korean entrepreneurs who highly recommended that foreign businessmen try to understand local laws and culture as well as customs and Filipino habits .

At this 2018 Manila International Conference of NGOs on History and Peace , Edgar Karganilla (Regina Pacis Mundi Catholic Renewal Ministry ) shared A Terrible Warning Ignored: “On October 13, 1973—the very anniversary of the ‘Miracle of the Sun at Fatima’—the most Holy Virgin this time appeared on the other side of the Globe in Akita, Japan to warn of a double chastisement—of the Church and of the whole world. ”

The cadres of the Philippine World War II Memorial Foundation and the Hunters-ROTC Historical Society had sat down with their counterparts from the History NGO Forum for Peace in East Asia, The European Association of History Educators, and Camp Asia Inc., among others, to tackle the comfort women issue, territorial issues and peace building, World War II and Plundering, and sustainable peace.

In addition, Juback Sin (Research Professor, Yonsei University, Korea), Pham Van Thuy (Vice-Head of Department of International History, University of Social Sciences and Humanities-Hanoi), Andrew Aeria (Professor, Malaysia) and Bernard Karganilla (University of the Philippines-Manila) had a whole-day “Dialogue between Korea and Southeast Asia for Development of a History Textbook.”

The 2018 International NGO Conference sought contributions for historical reconciliation and peace-building in East Asia for the future. Time will tell if it shall succeed.
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