November 18, 2017, 7:07 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07227 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03503 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34355 Argentine Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.13499 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0645 Brazilian Real
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.02511 Canadian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.25075 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2609 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34652 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53227 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01667 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04117 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0149 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01491 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0895 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92483 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.2137 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14447 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.05313 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15372 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46232 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12613 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.21291 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.19481 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 266.09603 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06915 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27847 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.9634 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 693.36875 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02755 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47068 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01392 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21558 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03994 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37194 Kyrgyzstan Som
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1 Philippine Peso = 17.70956 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.5429 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00594 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01614 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52952 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.2625 Lao Kip
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1 Philippine Peso = 3.02145 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44392 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27873 Lesotho Loti
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01221 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02676 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18535 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34406 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.02145 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.82015 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.01181 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15831 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91558 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.66706 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30638 Maldives Rufiyaa
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.37473 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08186 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27564 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02479 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60232 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16201 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03758 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02897 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01968 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06374 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06312 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07261 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07062 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.06651 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07477 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07746 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16854 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.37721 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07379 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15368 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26269 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13104 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16586 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02669 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01491 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43695 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94097 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99961 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 408.72688 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17218 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.13341 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2756 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64542 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04872 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04538 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07647 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13045 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59144 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.97875 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52076 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.36954 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01968 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57989 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.20543 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19628 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 446.89099 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12515 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05043 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.9329 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05313 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.93861 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.9754 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.91834 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27568 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.11531 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.12121 Zimbabwe dollar

In the heart

HERE aboard the USS Hornet Sea, Air and Space Museum, a student of history can learn STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) through the lens of a WWII era aircraft carrier, the preservation of thousands of valuable artifacts, seamanship (especially for naval cadets), and the lessons of trans-oceanic war.

Berthed at Pier 3, Alameda Point, California, the 10-story tall, city-block long warship is the home of 6,000 historically significant artifacts and 25 exhibits, providing researchers, tourists and war-fighters with highlights of the Second World War, Cold War and the American Space Program. The warship CV-8 carried the gutsy Doolittle Raiders in 1942 and the postwar USS Hornet was the naval vessel that made the perfect recovery of the Apollo 11 space capsule.

Aboard the aircraft carrier, we saw the USS Hornet Legacy, five-inch naval guns, a flight simulator, the Apollo Splashdown Exhibit, a torpedo workshop and the Air Group 11 Exhibit, among others. This American national treasure in its eighth iteration was commissioned as a CV (No. 12) on 29 November 1943 (the same day when Yugoslav partisan commander Josip Broz Tito formed a temporary government in Jajce, Bosnia), carried 100 warplanes and a crew of 3,400, survived 59 Japanese attacks, and had gone 15 months at sea (without docking) in a war patrol in the Pacific.

The first USS Hornet (CV-8) of WWII (a Yorktown-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy) had launched the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and joined its victorious sister-ships in the Battle of Midway, while the second USS Hornet (the Essex-class CV-12) of WWII raided enemy units on Tinian and Saipan, destroyed Japanese assets in “The Marianas Turkey Shoot,” was in the Battle for Leyte Gulf, and joined Operation Magic Carpet. The historic CV-8 was unfortunately sunk at the Battle of Santa Cruz (27 October 1942), but CV-12 went on to participate in the Vietnam War and assist in the first Moon landing programs.

The USS Hornet aircraft carrier as CV-12 was never hit by Japanese bombs, torpedoes and kamikaze suicide planes and its pilots shot down a record 62 enemy aircraft in one day (Marianas Turkey Shoot) and 255 Nipponese warplanes in one month. In fact, the Presidential Unit Citation from the Secretary of the Navy to the USS Hornet and her attached Air Groups, dated 1945, credited the battle group for the following operations: March 29 to May 1,1944, Palau, Hollandia, Truk; June 11 to August 5, 1944, Marianas, Bonins, Yap; September 6 to 24, 1944, Philippines, Palau: AG-2 (VF-2, VB-2, VT-2, Part of VFN-76); October 10 to November 22, 1944, Ryukyus, Formosa, Philippines, Luzon; December 14 to 16, 1944, Luzon; January 3 to 22, 1945, Philippines, Formosa, China Sea, Ryukyus: AG-11 (VF-11, VB-11, VT-11); and February 16 to June 10, 1945, Japan, Bonins, Ryukyus: AG-17 (VF-17, VBF-17, VB-17, VT-17). [http://library.uta.edu/txdisabilityhistory/doc/20006424]

A participant in the USS Hornet Sea, Air and Space Museum Live-Aboard Program can learn: “Carriers do not put out to sea to do battle alone. We were accompanied by two cruisers (USS Northampton [CA-26] and USS Salt Lake City [CA-25]), four destroyers, and a fleet oiler (USS Sabine [AO-25J]). Such a group is designated a “task force” and given a number. We were Task Force 16.2. The ships steam in formation with the carrier at the center, the cruisers close by, and the destroyers a little farther out to provide a screen for the others. This arrangement is not carved in stone and will vary according to circumstances.” [Rev. Robert Lee Consolvo, A Firsthand Account Of The Sinking Of The USS Hornet, http://communityengagement.whro.org/images/pdf/theWar_ussHornet_consolvo.pdf]

We were glad to spend an afternoon aboard the Grey Ghost (nickname of the 27,000-ton aircraft carrier that downed 1,400 Japanese aircraft and sank 1,250,000 tons of enemy shipping in the Pacific War). We saw on its deck a TBM-3-Avenger Torpedo Bomber, the VT-17 aircraft that scored the first torpedo hits on the Japanese battleship Yamato on 07 April 1945. Upon review, we re-learned the significance of the Battle of Midway (June 2017 marked the 75th anniversary): “Torpedo Squadron Eight from the Hornet was shot down to the last plane, but only after making several hits on four enemy carriers.”

“The Japs Are Defeated. On the two following days planes from Hornet and the Enterprise located the fleeing enemy and further damaged four cruisers and a destroyer. Due to poor visibility and the dispersal of the fleeing Japanese ships, we were unable to come up with them again, and the battle was at an end.” [http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks11/1100731h/V6/V6P.html]

“This battle, fought almost entirely by air and during which the opposing surface ships never even sighted each other, was the first decisive defeat suffered by the Japanese Navy in 350 years. But more important, it ended the period of Japanese offensive activity in the Pacific, removed the threat to Hawaii and the West Coast, and paved the way for our assumption of the offensive in the Pacific—an offensive that through successive stages saw us reconquer the Solomon Islands, Guam, and the Philippines, capture Tarawa, Saipan, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa, break the back of the Japanese Fleet in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and eventually blockade and bomb Japan into submission from her own home waters.” [The Battle Of Midway by Vice-Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, USN]

Here in California we also experienced this year’s San Francisco Comic Con where a celebrity autograph at the “Star Signing” area of the exhibit hall can set you back 100 dollars (like that of Peter Capaldi, the 12th actor to portray sci-fi character Doctor Who from 2013 to 2017). You can meet the comics creators at their table in the “Guest Artist Alley” like Neal Adams whose “Batman work serves as a prototype and inspiration for every illustrator of the character.” [https://sanfrancomiccon.com/guest-bios/neal-adams-bio/]

This is the venue to acquire materials like Mark Fertig’s “Take That, Adolf!: The Fighting Comic Books Of The Second World War” and learn: “Between 1941 and 1945, the greatest super villain to adorn a comic book cover was not the Red Skull or The Joker — it was Adolf Hitler! Yes, Hitler was featured on more comic book covers than any other villain — being pummeled by everyone from Captain America to Wonder Woman, until he was beaten for real by the Allied forces. Take That, Adolf! is a compilation of more than 500 stunningly restored comics covers published during World War II.” [http://www.fantagraphics.com/takethatadolf/]

Finally, here in California we re-read Carlos Bulosan’s America is in the Heart: “When Amado had gone, Macario stopped working and walked the streets aimlessly for weeks, then joined the army the day Corregidor fell to the Japanese.” [p. 323]
Rating: 
Average: 5 (3 votes)

Column of the Day

Thumbs up and down at Asean

By JOSE BAYANI BAYLON | November 17,2017
‘This is the issue of the general public’s grasp of what it means for our country to be part of a greater, regional association of nations.’

Opinion of the Day

Onward: Planned Parenthood; Human Rights summit

By DAHLI ASPILLERA | November 17, 2017
‘Congratulations to the country’s PNP, AFP and all law enforcers, for a productive, uninterrupted, impressive Asean Summit. Great talents had put together a successful show.’