May 26, 2018, 8:13 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03405 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46707 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02507 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03386 Aruba Florin
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06941 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2997 Bhutan Ngultrum
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01888 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.92087 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1215 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.23245 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69241 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.79018 Cape Verde Escudo
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1 Philippine Peso = 3.37645 Djibouti Franc
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.9416 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20987 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25394 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33993 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51779 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01623 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03907 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01425 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08823 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89024 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 171.23835 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13955 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93875 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14924 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45305 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23264 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.18261 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 268.49914 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06761 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28921 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.52235 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 800.64676 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00476 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38368 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08195 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91839 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2975 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.23036 Cambodia Riel
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1 Philippine Peso = 17.12003 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.46376 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0156 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.24805 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.41735 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.6285 Lebanese Pound
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.23569 Lesotho Loti
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0118 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02586 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18008 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31929 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99391 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.77516 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.76412 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15373 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.73388 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65627 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29618 Maldives Rufiyaa
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.37196 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07566 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23683 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.82899 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59717 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15404 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06962 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02745 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00732 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0621 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06201 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19897 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06975 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.10348 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06924 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0751 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17631 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.13468 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07134 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15092 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25547 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34155 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16566 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42241 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.32471 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69051 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.78391 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16644 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.79608 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23678 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60662 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0483 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04363 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08961 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1286 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56886 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.27563 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49705 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.0291 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01902 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5933 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 151.83565 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1494.25528 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 433.30797 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03595 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04914 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.63667 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05136 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.63667 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.926 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.75366 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.23681 South African Rand
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1 Philippine Peso = 6.88415 Zimbabwe dollar

In the heart

HERE aboard the USS Hornet Sea, Air and Space Museum, a student of history can learn STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) through the lens of a WWII era aircraft carrier, the preservation of thousands of valuable artifacts, seamanship (especially for naval cadets), and the lessons of trans-oceanic war.

Berthed at Pier 3, Alameda Point, California, the 10-story tall, city-block long warship is the home of 6,000 historically significant artifacts and 25 exhibits, providing researchers, tourists and war-fighters with highlights of the Second World War, Cold War and the American Space Program. The warship CV-8 carried the gutsy Doolittle Raiders in 1942 and the postwar USS Hornet was the naval vessel that made the perfect recovery of the Apollo 11 space capsule.

Aboard the aircraft carrier, we saw the USS Hornet Legacy, five-inch naval guns, a flight simulator, the Apollo Splashdown Exhibit, a torpedo workshop and the Air Group 11 Exhibit, among others. This American national treasure in its eighth iteration was commissioned as a CV (No. 12) on 29 November 1943 (the same day when Yugoslav partisan commander Josip Broz Tito formed a temporary government in Jajce, Bosnia), carried 100 warplanes and a crew of 3,400, survived 59 Japanese attacks, and had gone 15 months at sea (without docking) in a war patrol in the Pacific.

The first USS Hornet (CV-8) of WWII (a Yorktown-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy) had launched the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and joined its victorious sister-ships in the Battle of Midway, while the second USS Hornet (the Essex-class CV-12) of WWII raided enemy units on Tinian and Saipan, destroyed Japanese assets in “The Marianas Turkey Shoot,” was in the Battle for Leyte Gulf, and joined Operation Magic Carpet. The historic CV-8 was unfortunately sunk at the Battle of Santa Cruz (27 October 1942), but CV-12 went on to participate in the Vietnam War and assist in the first Moon landing programs.

The USS Hornet aircraft carrier as CV-12 was never hit by Japanese bombs, torpedoes and kamikaze suicide planes and its pilots shot down a record 62 enemy aircraft in one day (Marianas Turkey Shoot) and 255 Nipponese warplanes in one month. In fact, the Presidential Unit Citation from the Secretary of the Navy to the USS Hornet and her attached Air Groups, dated 1945, credited the battle group for the following operations: March 29 to May 1,1944, Palau, Hollandia, Truk; June 11 to August 5, 1944, Marianas, Bonins, Yap; September 6 to 24, 1944, Philippines, Palau: AG-2 (VF-2, VB-2, VT-2, Part of VFN-76); October 10 to November 22, 1944, Ryukyus, Formosa, Philippines, Luzon; December 14 to 16, 1944, Luzon; January 3 to 22, 1945, Philippines, Formosa, China Sea, Ryukyus: AG-11 (VF-11, VB-11, VT-11); and February 16 to June 10, 1945, Japan, Bonins, Ryukyus: AG-17 (VF-17, VBF-17, VB-17, VT-17). [http://library.uta.edu/txdisabilityhistory/doc/20006424]

A participant in the USS Hornet Sea, Air and Space Museum Live-Aboard Program can learn: “Carriers do not put out to sea to do battle alone. We were accompanied by two cruisers (USS Northampton [CA-26] and USS Salt Lake City [CA-25]), four destroyers, and a fleet oiler (USS Sabine [AO-25J]). Such a group is designated a “task force” and given a number. We were Task Force 16.2. The ships steam in formation with the carrier at the center, the cruisers close by, and the destroyers a little farther out to provide a screen for the others. This arrangement is not carved in stone and will vary according to circumstances.” [Rev. Robert Lee Consolvo, A Firsthand Account Of The Sinking Of The USS Hornet, http://communityengagement.whro.org/images/pdf/theWar_ussHornet_consolvo.pdf]

We were glad to spend an afternoon aboard the Grey Ghost (nickname of the 27,000-ton aircraft carrier that downed 1,400 Japanese aircraft and sank 1,250,000 tons of enemy shipping in the Pacific War). We saw on its deck a TBM-3-Avenger Torpedo Bomber, the VT-17 aircraft that scored the first torpedo hits on the Japanese battleship Yamato on 07 April 1945. Upon review, we re-learned the significance of the Battle of Midway (June 2017 marked the 75th anniversary): “Torpedo Squadron Eight from the Hornet was shot down to the last plane, but only after making several hits on four enemy carriers.”

“The Japs Are Defeated. On the two following days planes from Hornet and the Enterprise located the fleeing enemy and further damaged four cruisers and a destroyer. Due to poor visibility and the dispersal of the fleeing Japanese ships, we were unable to come up with them again, and the battle was at an end.” [http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks11/1100731h/V6/V6P.html]

“This battle, fought almost entirely by air and during which the opposing surface ships never even sighted each other, was the first decisive defeat suffered by the Japanese Navy in 350 years. But more important, it ended the period of Japanese offensive activity in the Pacific, removed the threat to Hawaii and the West Coast, and paved the way for our assumption of the offensive in the Pacific—an offensive that through successive stages saw us reconquer the Solomon Islands, Guam, and the Philippines, capture Tarawa, Saipan, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa, break the back of the Japanese Fleet in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and eventually blockade and bomb Japan into submission from her own home waters.” [The Battle Of Midway by Vice-Admiral Frank J. Fletcher, USN]

Here in California we also experienced this year’s San Francisco Comic Con where a celebrity autograph at the “Star Signing” area of the exhibit hall can set you back 100 dollars (like that of Peter Capaldi, the 12th actor to portray sci-fi character Doctor Who from 2013 to 2017). You can meet the comics creators at their table in the “Guest Artist Alley” like Neal Adams whose “Batman work serves as a prototype and inspiration for every illustrator of the character.” [https://sanfrancomiccon.com/guest-bios/neal-adams-bio/]

This is the venue to acquire materials like Mark Fertig’s “Take That, Adolf!: The Fighting Comic Books Of The Second World War” and learn: “Between 1941 and 1945, the greatest super villain to adorn a comic book cover was not the Red Skull or The Joker — it was Adolf Hitler! Yes, Hitler was featured on more comic book covers than any other villain — being pummeled by everyone from Captain America to Wonder Woman, until he was beaten for real by the Allied forces. Take That, Adolf! is a compilation of more than 500 stunningly restored comics covers published during World War II.” [http://www.fantagraphics.com/takethatadolf/]

Finally, here in California we re-read Carlos Bulosan’s America is in the Heart: “When Amado had gone, Macario stopped working and walked the streets aimlessly for weeks, then joined the army the day Corregidor fell to the Japanese.” [p. 323]
Rating: 
Average: 5 (3 votes)

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