June 23, 2018, 2:47 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06897 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04526 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03404 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52113 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02544 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03343 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03756 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57728 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03184 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00709 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.88225 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02522 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12883 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07009 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.277 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19573 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.96244 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03752 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02494 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.01146 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12169 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.86948 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.59718 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78854 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41869 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33333 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12088 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93052 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20053 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33502 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51117 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03897 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01425 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08833 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87962 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.05164 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14052 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88526 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14739 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44866 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1197 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.23812 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.22103 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.46479 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06819 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27817 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.23474 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 796.99531 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05333 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.4507 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01331 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06607 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89577 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28255 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.84601 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92488 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.90141 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.8492 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0154 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40488 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.33333 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.26291 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00282 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.66254 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2584 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05725 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01165 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02546 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17921 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31576 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99324 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.69014 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.33333 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15181 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.66667 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65765 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29239 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.39812 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3853 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07515 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25797 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.74178 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59151 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15379 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0385 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0272 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06164 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06142 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28545 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06993 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.70047 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06835 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07565 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.1966 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95174 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07042 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14841 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25277 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33719 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16718 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01426 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41701 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.29577 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57277 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.4216 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16432 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67099 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25817 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61446 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04845 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04326 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08905 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56648 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.59155 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49596 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.33803 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01878 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59211 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.69953 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1498.59155 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 429.12676 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02911 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04869 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0507 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62592 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92432 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69202 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25823 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.4554 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.79624 Zimbabwe dollar

Hawaii Invaded. Again

OVER the past several hundred years the Pearl Harbor watershed has undergone extensive environmental degradation, changing from an area of fish ponds and taro fields with reportedly high water quality in pre-European contact times (before 1778) to a highly urbanized area with poor water quality...Non-indigenous species are an increasing threat to Hawaiian stream, wetland, estuarine, and anchialine pond ecosystems. Not only do non-indigenous aquatic species in tropical Pacific insular environments compete with and prey upon native species, they have also brought with them a complement of diseases and parasites to which native species are not resistant.” [Ronald A. Englund, “The Loss of Native Biodiversity and Continuing Nonindigenous Species Introductions in Freshwater, Estuarine, and Wetland Communities of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands,” Estuaries, Vol. 25, No. 3, June 2002, p. 418–430]

Apple snails (P. canaliculata) and Asiatic clams (Corbicula fluminea) are some of the recent invaders. They were preceded by the Hirohito homunculi on 07 December 1941.

These particularly nefarious species (Seisen Kantetsu Giin Renmei, Unit 731, Taisei Yokusankai, Nami Unit 8604, Kokuryūkai, Dai-Nippon Seinento, etc.) worshipped a false god who sparked the Pacific War: “We, by grace of heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the Throne of a line unbroken for ages eternal, enjoin upon ye, Our loyal and brave subjects:

“We hereby declare war on the United States of America and the British Empire. The men and officers of Our army and navy shall do their utmost in prosecuting the war, Our public servants of various departments shall perform faithfully and diligently their appointed tasks, and all other subjects of Ours shall pursue their respective duties; the entire nation with a united will shall mobilize their total strength so that nothing will miscarry in the attainment of our war aims.” [Hirohito Declaration of War against the United States and Britain, Tokyo, Japan, December 8, 1941]

Operation Z on Y-Day was the spark. Spies like Takeo Yoshikawa (ostensibly a junior official at the Japanese consulate on Nuuana Avenue in Oahu) prepared the way. “Air raid Pearl Harbor. This is not a drill.” – radio message from Patrol Wing Two HQ

“The first Japanese assault struck the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the island of Oahu, at 7:55 a.m. The base was just awakening early Sunday morning when the sound of Japanese torpedo planes could be heard. The American armed forces in the Pacific were caught completely off guard. When a war warning was issued two weeks prior, Hawaii was not mentioned as a possible target. At the time, American authorities thought that the Philippines or Malaysia would be a possible area of attack, not the island of Hawaii. Therefore, Pearl Harbor was not prepared for the onslaught of terror that occurred that devastating morning.”

“The Japanese attack consisted of 363 planes that came in two waves with the second only 45 minutes after the first. The United States had concentrated almost its entire fleet of 94 vessels, including 8 battleships, at Pearl Harbor, and this proximity made an easy target for the Japanese. Additionally, to prevent against saboteurs, the Army’s planes at Oahu were aligned wing tip to wing tip on airfields. Therefore, the Japanese were able to easily diminish the threat of any American defense. Before noon, when the Japanese attack concluded, 2,403 American servicemen and civilians were killed and an additional 1,178 were wounded.” [U.S. Senator Thurmond, Anniversary Of Pearl Harbor Day, December 7, 2000, 106th Congress, 2nd Session]

Tenno’s tentacles reached out to strangle the people of Asia-Pacific, but the Americans quickly learned: “On June 4, 1942, a small US fleet, comprising what remained of the Pacific Fleet after Pearl Harbor only six months before, engaged the powerful Japanese navy near Midway Island. At the cost of one aircraft carrier and one destroyer, the US fleet sank four enemy carriers as well as a heavy cruiser. More important, the Japanese lost some 300 planes and most of their experienced pilots. After Midway, the Japanese Navy dropped their plans to invade Australia and Southeast Asia and instead remained on the defensive for the balance of the war.” [Ed Chung and Cam McLarney, “When giants collide: strategic analysis and application”, Management Decision, Vol. 37, Issue 3, 1999, pp. 233-248]

The Mikado’s minions miscalculated: “Japan, using the ‘wakon yosai’, Japanese spirit and Western knowledge philosophy, rapidly and painfully industrialized and caught up with the West by the time of the First World War. Feeling superior to the rest of Asia, they believed they had a manifest destiny to control and direct Asia. This attitude was a primary cause of the Second World War and the attack on Pearl Harbor. Only a vain people would have challenged an economy ten times richer than their own to battle and still believe their destiny was ultimate victory.

This arrogance proved to be their undoing and the miscalculation ended with the near-total destruction of Japan.” [Paul A. Herbig and Robert Milam, “When in Japan, Do as the Japanese Do; When in Rome, Do as the Japanese Do: The Achilles’ Heel of Japanese Business Philosophy,” Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 12, Issue 11, 1994, pp. 26-35]

Showa’s stubborn subordinates: In 1941 “the Tokyo government’s Economic Stabilization Bureau ‘concluded that after two years of hostilities [i.e. by 1943] Japan’s economic resources would probably not suffice to sustain air and naval operations’. But Tojo ousted Konoe in October of the same year, the think tank’s recommendations appear to have had no effect whatever, and the hostilities expanded inordinately with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor two months later.”

“To borrow an expression from the business world, the planners of the Manchurian incident, the analogous events that succeeded it, and their much larger-scale aftermath did not anticipate the marketplace. More explicitly, the marketplace anticipated was purely of their own devising, with no reckoning whatever of further forces at work – both directly and obliquely – that might react differently from the intentions of the Japanese militarists.” [Jacques Richardson, “Japan’s Sino Pacific war: a conflict unplanned, lacking both means and foresight?” Foresight, Vol. 10, Issue 1, 2008, pp. 67-78]

Unfortunately for Hirohito, Pearl Harbor was avenged. “By mid-1944 all but three of the damaged and sunk Pearl Harbor warships had rejoined the fleet...The formal salvage operation began a week after the attack. Pearl Harbor’s shipyard went on a 24-hour schedule, with three shifts working every day...Almost all of the repaired ships saw action in the Pacific. The battleships Tennessee, West Virginia, California, Maryland and Pennsylvania went on to fight in the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines in 1944 – the largest naval battle of World War II.” [William Cole, “Thousands of hours were devoted to recovering and rebuilding,” Honolulu Star-Advertiser, 30 November 2016]
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