June 25, 2018, 1:29 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Hawaii Invaded. Again

OVER the past several hundred years the Pearl Harbor watershed has undergone extensive environmental degradation, changing from an area of fish ponds and taro fields with reportedly high water quality in pre-European contact times (before 1778) to a highly urbanized area with poor water quality...Non-indigenous species are an increasing threat to Hawaiian stream, wetland, estuarine, and anchialine pond ecosystems. Not only do non-indigenous aquatic species in tropical Pacific insular environments compete with and prey upon native species, they have also brought with them a complement of diseases and parasites to which native species are not resistant.” [Ronald A. Englund, “The Loss of Native Biodiversity and Continuing Nonindigenous Species Introductions in Freshwater, Estuarine, and Wetland Communities of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands,” Estuaries, Vol. 25, No. 3, June 2002, p. 418–430]

Apple snails (P. canaliculata) and Asiatic clams (Corbicula fluminea) are some of the recent invaders. They were preceded by the Hirohito homunculi on 07 December 1941.

These particularly nefarious species (Seisen Kantetsu Giin Renmei, Unit 731, Taisei Yokusankai, Nami Unit 8604, Kokuryūkai, Dai-Nippon Seinento, etc.) worshipped a false god who sparked the Pacific War: “We, by grace of heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the Throne of a line unbroken for ages eternal, enjoin upon ye, Our loyal and brave subjects:

“We hereby declare war on the United States of America and the British Empire. The men and officers of Our army and navy shall do their utmost in prosecuting the war, Our public servants of various departments shall perform faithfully and diligently their appointed tasks, and all other subjects of Ours shall pursue their respective duties; the entire nation with a united will shall mobilize their total strength so that nothing will miscarry in the attainment of our war aims.” [Hirohito Declaration of War against the United States and Britain, Tokyo, Japan, December 8, 1941]

Operation Z on Y-Day was the spark. Spies like Takeo Yoshikawa (ostensibly a junior official at the Japanese consulate on Nuuana Avenue in Oahu) prepared the way. “Air raid Pearl Harbor. This is not a drill.” – radio message from Patrol Wing Two HQ

“The first Japanese assault struck the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the island of Oahu, at 7:55 a.m. The base was just awakening early Sunday morning when the sound of Japanese torpedo planes could be heard. The American armed forces in the Pacific were caught completely off guard. When a war warning was issued two weeks prior, Hawaii was not mentioned as a possible target. At the time, American authorities thought that the Philippines or Malaysia would be a possible area of attack, not the island of Hawaii. Therefore, Pearl Harbor was not prepared for the onslaught of terror that occurred that devastating morning.”

“The Japanese attack consisted of 363 planes that came in two waves with the second only 45 minutes after the first. The United States had concentrated almost its entire fleet of 94 vessels, including 8 battleships, at Pearl Harbor, and this proximity made an easy target for the Japanese. Additionally, to prevent against saboteurs, the Army’s planes at Oahu were aligned wing tip to wing tip on airfields. Therefore, the Japanese were able to easily diminish the threat of any American defense. Before noon, when the Japanese attack concluded, 2,403 American servicemen and civilians were killed and an additional 1,178 were wounded.” [U.S. Senator Thurmond, Anniversary Of Pearl Harbor Day, December 7, 2000, 106th Congress, 2nd Session]

Tenno’s tentacles reached out to strangle the people of Asia-Pacific, but the Americans quickly learned: “On June 4, 1942, a small US fleet, comprising what remained of the Pacific Fleet after Pearl Harbor only six months before, engaged the powerful Japanese navy near Midway Island. At the cost of one aircraft carrier and one destroyer, the US fleet sank four enemy carriers as well as a heavy cruiser. More important, the Japanese lost some 300 planes and most of their experienced pilots. After Midway, the Japanese Navy dropped their plans to invade Australia and Southeast Asia and instead remained on the defensive for the balance of the war.” [Ed Chung and Cam McLarney, “When giants collide: strategic analysis and application”, Management Decision, Vol. 37, Issue 3, 1999, pp. 233-248]

The Mikado’s minions miscalculated: “Japan, using the ‘wakon yosai’, Japanese spirit and Western knowledge philosophy, rapidly and painfully industrialized and caught up with the West by the time of the First World War. Feeling superior to the rest of Asia, they believed they had a manifest destiny to control and direct Asia. This attitude was a primary cause of the Second World War and the attack on Pearl Harbor. Only a vain people would have challenged an economy ten times richer than their own to battle and still believe their destiny was ultimate victory.

This arrogance proved to be their undoing and the miscalculation ended with the near-total destruction of Japan.” [Paul A. Herbig and Robert Milam, “When in Japan, Do as the Japanese Do; When in Rome, Do as the Japanese Do: The Achilles’ Heel of Japanese Business Philosophy,” Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 12, Issue 11, 1994, pp. 26-35]

Showa’s stubborn subordinates: In 1941 “the Tokyo government’s Economic Stabilization Bureau ‘concluded that after two years of hostilities [i.e. by 1943] Japan’s economic resources would probably not suffice to sustain air and naval operations’. But Tojo ousted Konoe in October of the same year, the think tank’s recommendations appear to have had no effect whatever, and the hostilities expanded inordinately with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor two months later.”

“To borrow an expression from the business world, the planners of the Manchurian incident, the analogous events that succeeded it, and their much larger-scale aftermath did not anticipate the marketplace. More explicitly, the marketplace anticipated was purely of their own devising, with no reckoning whatever of further forces at work – both directly and obliquely – that might react differently from the intentions of the Japanese militarists.” [Jacques Richardson, “Japan’s Sino Pacific war: a conflict unplanned, lacking both means and foresight?” Foresight, Vol. 10, Issue 1, 2008, pp. 67-78]

Unfortunately for Hirohito, Pearl Harbor was avenged. “By mid-1944 all but three of the damaged and sunk Pearl Harbor warships had rejoined the fleet...The formal salvage operation began a week after the attack. Pearl Harbor’s shipyard went on a 24-hour schedule, with three shifts working every day...Almost all of the repaired ships saw action in the Pacific. The battleships Tennessee, West Virginia, California, Maryland and Pennsylvania went on to fight in the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines in 1944 – the largest naval battle of World War II.” [William Cole, “Thousands of hours were devoted to recovering and rebuilding,” Honolulu Star-Advertiser, 30 November 2016]
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