June 24, 2018, 2:28 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02912 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03401 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5072 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02524 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03345 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03758 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57159 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03155 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00712 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.90079 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02526 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1289 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07111 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28053 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19402 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 376.17437 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03754 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02493 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01856 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.99061 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12218 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.75385 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57591 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77772 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.33615 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12016 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92728 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1963 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25225 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33484 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51146 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01612 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03918 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01416 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08979 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87956 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 169.07178 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14072 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.87599 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44878 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11882 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24803 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.23224 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06764 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27568 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 798.38407 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03119 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45509 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01333 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06417 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89121 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28183 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.00526 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.92522 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.91094 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.86622 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00568 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01541 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.38595 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.00451 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.292 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98572 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.74709 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25254 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05728 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01166 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02548 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1786 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3177 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98891 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.97896 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15183 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67042 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65295 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29256 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.4053 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37584 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07518 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25239 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.72679 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59207 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15205 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03401 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02719 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00723 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06134 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0609 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.28222 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06966 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06839 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33738 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.51033 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Egos of elephants, hides of lizards

WHY is it that some people who rise to higher levels of responsibility end up with egos of elephants and hides of lizards?

These are the men (usually) and women (sometimes) who cannot just take to be contradicted, who see any and every such contrarian view especially from underlings as a form of “gross disrespect” that entitles the “offending” subaltern to some form of disciplinary action. Some of them even take it to the extreme; to these “extremists” the attitude towards a contrarian is “me or them”, and they seek ways and means to get the contrarians out of the system.

Message: the contrarian has nothing of value to bring to the table.

These folks exist. Whether they exist in the highest levels of a government or of a corporation’s management, they pose a serious problem to the organization they are part of.

Imagine: someone with the ego of an elephant and the hide of a lizard.

If only it were the other way around!

I’ve been fortunate. I do not think I’ve ever had a boss who didn’t appreciate hearing a contrarian point of view. Not that it was always welcome, of course: we are all human, and we all have egos. But my bosses have been accomplished men secure in themselves and aware of their own limitations that they themselves seek out opinion contrary to theirs because they are afraid there may be some things they don’t see.

My first such boss was Renato Luna Cayetano, then an Assemblyman of the Marcos-era Batasang Pambansa, now more popularly known (posthumously, though) as the late father of Pia, Alan, Ren and Lino who have all been (or still are) public servants at one time or another.

When he was my boss I (like most others) referred to him as RLC.

I was all of 25 years old, sitting in the conference room adjacent to RLC’s law office on the second floor of Vernida IV Building in Salcedo Village. He was playing host to barangay captains of Taguig who were upraising him of his standings in surveys leading up to the first elections for Congress under the (new) 1987 Constitution. RLC had represented the enlarged district of Taguig-Pateros-Muntinglupa in the defunct Batasan; under the new Constitution, his district was now only Taguig and Pateros. And another lawyer, Dante Tinga, was his formidable opponent.

“Lamang po kayo, Assemblyman”, the kapitans were telling him, one after the other, though one or two would admit “malakas po ang kalaban”. But to a man they would add that the victory would be secured if such and such were spent in the campaign in order to secure this or that group of voters. 

I was listening intently, and I was intrigued.

After the kapitans had left I approached RLC and opened my mouth. I said that I was listening but was bothered by something in what I was hearing, and wanted his permission to do something I’ve never engaged in before: to go house to house in select areas of Taguig and canvass the voters with the help of some friends from UP Law. It wouldn’t cost a single peso and it would be so unscientific, but was he fine with it? He said he thought it was a good idea and asked me to go ahead.

A few friends joined me in the endeavor, and we went house to house and before long we came face to face with something that bothered us. Contrary to assurances given him by the kapitans, it seemed that the voters we spoke to were overwhelmingly going for Tinga, for a number of reasons that (I felt) should be and could be addressed: first, the Assemblyman hadn’t accomplished much (and the reason for this was his term was cut short by the Edsa revolution and so had only been in office a little over a year), and second, that the Assemblyman turned against President Marcos (which was true).

Our canvassing was telling us that the fight was uphill for my boss and that this wasn’t the rosy picture being painted for him by his political leaders.

Now came the hard part: how to tell him? I remember walking into his office and sitting on one side of his desk while he freshened up in his private bathroom. When he came out, he said “Oh ano, JB” and I could see his forehead wrinkled in anticipation. That’s when I said something like “I am not sure if you will like what I will say but I will say it anyway” and with his urging proceeded to tell him what we had gathered. “Ganun ba?” he asked and then there was silence. 

I broke the silence by moving to stand up while handing him the “results” of our polling, and that’s when he said what I have never forgotten: “Feel free to tell me what you think even if it is something I may not want to hear. If you think I should hear it, tell me. That’s your job. I may not always change my mind but you will not be doing your job if you don’t try.”

Interestingly, after RLC lost to Tinga in 1987, he was the one who brought me to the office of Enrique Zobel who was looking to hire an executive assistant. So my first boss introduced me to my second one. And again by sheer luck I found myself working for a very accomplished man who did not take offense easily and actually seemed to relish rebels. If not for a tantalizingly great offer to work for a multinational that came at a time when EZ had trimmed his sails after his accident, I would have worked for EZ till retirement. But so great was our interaction that I kept writing for him till the day he died, and he in turn honored me by including in his last requests that I deliver the eulogy at his funeral mass at the Forbes Park church, seven years after I had left his employ!

Even after EZ the bosses I’ve had seem to understand the value of a contrarian viewpoint. (For some bosses at the beverage multinational I worked for, it even seemed to be a requirement!) And they can forgive a contrarian viewpoint delivered in a manner that can be emotional and emphatic. But that’s my luck; others have not been as lucky as I, because many people in positions of government or corporate power are not as secure, mature or open-minded as my bosses have been and are.

And if they think that by cracking down on the contrarians, they are solving the problem, they’re not. Not only are they poisoning the environment in which they work, they’re also obviously not seeing that part of problem is in the mirror when they wake up and wash their face every morning!
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