June 18, 2018, 7:24 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06887 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01763 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03375 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52595 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02519 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03338 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0375 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.56891 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03163 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00708 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.83293 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02508 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12845 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06994 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26852 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19282 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 375.39846 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03746 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02475 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0187 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.85955 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12072 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.23964 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.57585 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78136 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41526 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32833 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1203 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92481 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19301 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25282 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33377 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51078 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01616 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03862 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01411 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08774 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.8783 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.7418 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13756 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.86799 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14715 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44823 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11904 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.22745 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20533 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.11007 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06788 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27862 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.20139 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 793.5496 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01763 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.42115 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01329 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07454 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.89293 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28161 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.86537 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.83274 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.87605 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.66229 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00567 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01538 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.31164 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.15357 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.23364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99081 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.62835 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2522 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05717 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01164 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02542 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17853 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31382 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.9715 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.27658 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.11532 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15157 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.65667 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65479 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29196 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.37802 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38672 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0747 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2516 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.71292 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58522 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15276 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03846 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02698 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06144 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05887 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23233 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06922 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 105.94412 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06825 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07529 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18378 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.92781 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07032 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1483 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25162 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16475 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02532 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01412 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41639 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.88431 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.53816 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.79974 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16407 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.65648 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25162 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61204 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04892 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04288 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08861 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12572 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56497 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.52766 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49372 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.94825 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01875 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59066 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 148.13426 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1496.34352 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 427.78924 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02025 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04811 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.58541 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05063 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.58541 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91656 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.68498 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25181 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.30921 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.78605 Zimbabwe dollar

A duty to correct

JESUS said to his disciples: “If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have won over your brother. If he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, so that ‘every fact may be established on the testimony of two or three witnesses.’ If he refuses to listen to them, tell the church. If he refuses to listen even to the church, then treat him as you would a Gentile or a tax collector.

“Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Again, amen, I say to you, if two of you agree on earth about anything for which they are to pray, it shall be granted to them by my heavenly Father. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.”

***

A careless look at today’s Gospel reading can readily bore us: this is far from Jesus’ usual act of regaling the people with parables about the Kingdom of Heaven or confronting the religious authorities of his day. When we read about trial procedures and fraternal correction, we get the sense that the new Law of Jesus might simply be a lighter yoke than the one imposed by the Law of Moses (cf. Mt 11:29-30): lighter indeed, but still a yoke. How can fraternal correction be Good News? Why can’t life be just a breeze, without these moral restrictions, absolutely free? If this can’t be the case, why bother believing in Christ at all?

In a Church of hypocrites and habitual sinners, the duty of correcting somebody else’s fault(s) is viewed with fear and disdain. We take it for granted that we are sinful, hence we do not have the moral advantage and thus shirk from pointing out the wrong. Of course we immediately correct the sinner when it is against us that the offense is done; but when do we show compassion for others and correct the sinner for a fault that is not (at least for now) committed against us? When?

Yes, we are a Church of sinners, but we are a Church of prophets too—and if we truly are filled by the Holy Spirit, he can inspire even the most hardened criminal to have at least a shadow of a conscience and point out to another man’s fault. The prophet Ezekiel must have been aware of his own unworthiness, and yet it was to him that the Lord relayed his warning of death. It is not the prophet that possesses moral ascendancy, but the Lord. We seem to keep forgetting this, even as we see left and right the atrocities committed against God and our fellow human beings. We endlessly sink and float in our sinfulness, as if we have no hope, unmindful of the fact that we Christians have been saved by Christ through his sacrifice! Because of this, not only do we fail to resolve to be better, we even fail others in their own feeble attempts to turn toward God in genuine faith and hope! 

Jesus’ teaching on the correction of one whom we consider to be a part of us—as we are but also sinful members of the same community—reveals his magnanimity towards the flock for which he sacrificed everything he had in order to save. He shows us that this kindness for sinners is such that he advises a gradually widening ambit of selfless love, ignoring which the sinner exposes himself to danger. Jesus urges us to connect more with the sinner than to correct him: to understand him and to understand our own weaknesses. Only by this can we truly correct (from the Latin cum, ‘with,’ and regere, ‘guide,’ ‘rule’) him, showing him that true freedom is not in sin but in the Lord who compels us to save this fellow sinner. One or two others, says Jesus, may be brought in to convince the sinner that aggrieving a fellow Christian is not only an individual offense but also a scandal to others; only if this fails can the additions stand as witnesses before the community. Even in the failure of the Church to keep the sinner into the fold of righteousness, we do not see a fatal consequence; contrary to what is historically expected, the sinner is left alive, albeit treated as someone who was never a part of the community in the first place. There is something implied here: the Christian community is a loving community, and it is the sinner by his hardheadedness who takes himself away from the Body who never wished to lose him, just as the heavenly Father did not will that that the stray sheep be lost (cf. Mt 18:14).

*****

Ivan R. Olitoqui

(Sept. 10, 2017)
 
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