March 27, 2017, 12:37 pm
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07295 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.48788 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03556 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3095 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02607 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03556 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03973 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59217 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03602 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00747 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.62574 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02782 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13667 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06237 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30066 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20198 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 397.69567 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03968 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02656 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01978 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.15634 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13692 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.86254 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.93802 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03496 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49851 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.5151 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13724 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93127 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1644 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28863 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35856 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45093 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01845 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04108 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01589 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08837 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.86869 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 183.55185 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1458 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.10191 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1543 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46583 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13612 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34644 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.70143 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.73977 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07242 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29991 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.46047 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 644.02066 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20501 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54927 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01405 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21154 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04112 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37288 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.68693 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.14978 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.87843 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.29479 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00604 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01629 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.28526 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.01152 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.90465 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.01549 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78784 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24851 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06056 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01233 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02811 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19785 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38468 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.12515 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.19507 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.70878 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15892 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.09178 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69785 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30671 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.24096 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3761 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08802 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24708 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25745 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58244 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16898 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0729 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02831 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00765 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06437 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06286 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08244 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0787 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.14024 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07233 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08402 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13951 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.2352 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07449 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15454 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26917 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13244 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17566 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02783 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0159 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44112 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 142.70957 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.90584 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 452.14739 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17327 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.23004 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24791 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68872 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04503 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04577 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0722 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13328 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60552 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.25904 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53754 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.25546 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55781 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 70.42114 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19815 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 451.90703 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11462 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05075 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.09416 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05364 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.176 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18852 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96524 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24804 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.08899 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18911 Zimbabwe dollar

Dosage controversy

THERE have been controversies about the safe dose for our intake of calcium, Vitamin D, and sodium (salt). Obviously, the amount we take of any substance or medications, either too high or too low, is important, when it comes to efficacy, benefit, and adverse side-effects.

Calcium and Vitamin D
In October 2016, a new guideline was published stating that Calcium and Vitamin D intake “does not adversely affect cardiovascular health” as was suspected a decade ago.

Based on a meta-analysis published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the National Osteoporosis Foundation and the American Society for Preventive Cardiology “have determined that calcium in food or supplements (and even with the addition of Vitamin D), doesn’t have an effect on incident cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, disease-related mortality, or all-cause mortality in most healthy adults.”

Total consumption of less than 2000-2500 mg daily “should be considered safe from a cardiovascular standpoint,” according to this group. However, most individuals do not need more than 500 mg of supplemental calcium a day, which could even be provided by a regular diet. Vitamin D, in its D3 form, is recommended as essential in this study and the dosages stated are 600 IU/d for those up to age 70 and 800 IU/d for those older.

The caveat is, when it comes to food or medications, more is not necessarily better.

Sodium – Salt
When it comes to sodium (salt), more is definitely not better. As a matter of fact, excessive salt intake has an adverse side effects on the cardiovascular system. Those with hypertension (high blood pressure) and those with heart failure almost instantly experience the ill effects of eating foods that are too salty, anything more than the prescribed “low salt diet.” The blood pressure immediately goes up among hypertensives and those with heart failure soon develop shortness of breath and leg swelling, depending on the degree of cardiac failure.

An article in the October 3, 2016 issue of the Journal of American College of Cardiology reported that a study covering more than two decades shows that those with the lowest sodium (salt) intake have the lowest rate of mortality (death).

The controversy with regards to sodium was not how bad excess sodium was, since it has always been clear that too much salt was bad for practically everyone, not only for those with cardiovascular diseases. The question was what the safe lowest salt intake was. 

The new finding in this study by Dr. Nancy R. Cook and her partners at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, debunked the previous studies that reported people who consumed the lowest amount of sodium had increased mortality, or had no increased risk at all.

The study shows that “for every added 1000 mg/day of sodium (the equivalent of about a half-teaspoon per day), the risk of premature death went up by 12%. And that’s only for an excess of about half a teaspoon! A lot of salt “addicts” consume greater excesses than that, oblivious that this is most unhealthy.

The details of the study: “Cook and colleagues calculated mortality over 24 years for the patients in phase 1 (1987–1990) and phase 2 (1990–1995) of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP), which analyzed the effect of sodium-reduction interventions on all-cause mortality based on multiple 24-hour urine samples from prehypertensive adults ages 30 to 54 years old. They found no disadvantage to ingesting the lowest levels of sodium, as reflected by 24-hour urinary sodium excretion, and a direct linear association between average sodium intake and mortality.”

The current guidelines from the US Food and Drug Administration is below 2300 mg a day, or roughly less than 2 teaspoons a day.

Food labels on cans and bottles provide, among other ingredients, the sodium content, and one can precisely tell the amount of salt in each. The guesswork comes with regards to home cooked food, unless the cook is vigilant, conscious, and careful in the use of table salt or other spices and additives that also contain salt. Many restaurants today are also showing on their menus nutritional facts, including amounts of calories, proteins, total fats, cholesterol, carbohydrates, and sodium, which helps. And their chefs also accept request for low salt, no MSG, less sugar, and less spices, or putting the sauces on the side on food orders.

So, before adding salt to your food, think of health and longevity. Indeed, salt shaker is out and sodium counting is in.

Vitamin-mineral supplements
If you are eating properly every day, you are just wasting your money taking multivitamin-mineral supplements, according to experts.

Three studies published three years ago in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, found that multivitamins and minerals supplements “did not work any better than placebo.”

The report says these supplements would not boost the immune system or provide added health benefits, like preventing heart disease or memory loss, or enhancing longevity. to those who are eating properly daily and suggests abandoning their use. 

Only the multibillion-dollar multivitamin-mineral industry benefits, especially from those who take meg-dose supplements, which have been deemed detrimental to health and have resulted in deaths. There are also doubts that most of these and other food supplements on the market (pills, potions, and lotions) may not have the proper and right amount or quality ingredients in them. Not to mention the side effects from them that could take years to show.

Dr. Eliseo Guallar, a professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, stated that “it’s clear that vitamins are not working.” 

The studies did not show that multivitamins and minerals cause any adverse health effects, except when they are taken in a megadose (overdose) manner. Those below age 60 who are healthy and eating well may not need multivitamins, minerals, or any supplements. 

For the elderly and those who do not eat properly or adequately, multivitamins and minerals would be beneficial, taken at the recommended dosage. Be sure to discuss your concerns with your physician.

The main objective of this column is to educate and inspire people, especially parents, whose way of life inevitably impacts the health of their children, to live a healthy lifestyle to prevent illnesses and disabilities, and achieve a happier and more productive life for themselves and for their offspring. My articles are general medical information for the public and not intended to be applicable to, or appropriate for, anyone. The data, statistics, and personal commentaries presented here are not a substitute for, or inferred to be superior to, the professional opinion and recommendation of your physician, who knows your total condition well and who is your best ally when it comes to your health. 

***

For more data, please visit philipSchua.com

Email: scalpelpen@gmail.com
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Twitter icon
Facebook icon
Google icon
LinkedIn icon
Pinterest icon
Reddit icon
Yahoo! icon
e-mail icon

Column of the Day

Duterte immobilized

By DODY LACUNA | March 24,2017
657 View(s) 0 Comment(s)
‘He should deter the AIDS outbreak victimizing the youth whom he has pledged to protect always.’

Opinion of the Day

Reviving Laguna de Bae (2)

By DAHLI ASPILLERA | March 27, 2017
229 View(s) 0 Comment(s)
‘Industry and residents must be disciplined; penalized. “We are doing all these for the local subsistence fishermen.” – Jaime Medina, LLDA general manager.’