February 21, 2017, 6:48 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07293 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52581 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03515 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30481 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02586 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03554 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03971 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57506 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03647 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00748 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.46168 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02815 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13622 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06162 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33042 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20696 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 397.53772 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03967 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02601 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01991 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.67752 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13655 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.2776 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.95115 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06136 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50503 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.53197 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13894 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92534 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18034 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29236 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31315 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44698 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04092 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01598 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08694 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.86338 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 184.72001 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14677 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.05262 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15408 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46652 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13837 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28535 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.75973 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 265.01191 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07353 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32923 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.45115 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 643.20888 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18924 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54845 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01407 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24728 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05322 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37172 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.01906 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.15965 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.87133 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.76807 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00605 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01628 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.33439 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.45035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.86497 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98749 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78713 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25715 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06054 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01232 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02826 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19979 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39525 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14496 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.88642 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 49.14615 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15873 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.05322 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70234 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30421 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.29706 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40758 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08849 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26128 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25496 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58627 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16555 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15647 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02763 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00764 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06476 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06296 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08122 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08074 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 114.24742 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07229 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08451 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.15249 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.1811 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07447 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15448 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26803 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13238 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17685 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02815 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01598 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44095 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.88959 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.90151 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 458.00835 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1732 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.22597 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26146 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69519 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04538 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0447 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07189 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13343 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6112 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.24146 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53981 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.20731 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56195 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 65.62748 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19806 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 452.9984 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10346 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05044 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.2498 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05361 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.39515 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22379 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96823 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26052 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.04805 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18626 Zimbabwe dollar

Dosage controversy

THERE have been controversies about the safe dose for our intake of calcium, Vitamin D, and sodium (salt). Obviously, the amount we take of any substance or medications, either too high or too low, is important, when it comes to efficacy, benefit, and adverse side-effects.

Calcium and Vitamin D
In October 2016, a new guideline was published stating that Calcium and Vitamin D intake “does not adversely affect cardiovascular health” as was suspected a decade ago.

Based on a meta-analysis published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the National Osteoporosis Foundation and the American Society for Preventive Cardiology “have determined that calcium in food or supplements (and even with the addition of Vitamin D), doesn’t have an effect on incident cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, disease-related mortality, or all-cause mortality in most healthy adults.”

Total consumption of less than 2000-2500 mg daily “should be considered safe from a cardiovascular standpoint,” according to this group. However, most individuals do not need more than 500 mg of supplemental calcium a day, which could even be provided by a regular diet. Vitamin D, in its D3 form, is recommended as essential in this study and the dosages stated are 600 IU/d for those up to age 70 and 800 IU/d for those older.

The caveat is, when it comes to food or medications, more is not necessarily better.

Sodium – Salt
When it comes to sodium (salt), more is definitely not better. As a matter of fact, excessive salt intake has an adverse side effects on the cardiovascular system. Those with hypertension (high blood pressure) and those with heart failure almost instantly experience the ill effects of eating foods that are too salty, anything more than the prescribed “low salt diet.” The blood pressure immediately goes up among hypertensives and those with heart failure soon develop shortness of breath and leg swelling, depending on the degree of cardiac failure.

An article in the October 3, 2016 issue of the Journal of American College of Cardiology reported that a study covering more than two decades shows that those with the lowest sodium (salt) intake have the lowest rate of mortality (death).

The controversy with regards to sodium was not how bad excess sodium was, since it has always been clear that too much salt was bad for practically everyone, not only for those with cardiovascular diseases. The question was what the safe lowest salt intake was. 

The new finding in this study by Dr. Nancy R. Cook and her partners at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, debunked the previous studies that reported people who consumed the lowest amount of sodium had increased mortality, or had no increased risk at all.

The study shows that “for every added 1000 mg/day of sodium (the equivalent of about a half-teaspoon per day), the risk of premature death went up by 12%. And that’s only for an excess of about half a teaspoon! A lot of salt “addicts” consume greater excesses than that, oblivious that this is most unhealthy.

The details of the study: “Cook and colleagues calculated mortality over 24 years for the patients in phase 1 (1987–1990) and phase 2 (1990–1995) of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP), which analyzed the effect of sodium-reduction interventions on all-cause mortality based on multiple 24-hour urine samples from prehypertensive adults ages 30 to 54 years old. They found no disadvantage to ingesting the lowest levels of sodium, as reflected by 24-hour urinary sodium excretion, and a direct linear association between average sodium intake and mortality.”

The current guidelines from the US Food and Drug Administration is below 2300 mg a day, or roughly less than 2 teaspoons a day.

Food labels on cans and bottles provide, among other ingredients, the sodium content, and one can precisely tell the amount of salt in each. The guesswork comes with regards to home cooked food, unless the cook is vigilant, conscious, and careful in the use of table salt or other spices and additives that also contain salt. Many restaurants today are also showing on their menus nutritional facts, including amounts of calories, proteins, total fats, cholesterol, carbohydrates, and sodium, which helps. And their chefs also accept request for low salt, no MSG, less sugar, and less spices, or putting the sauces on the side on food orders.

So, before adding salt to your food, think of health and longevity. Indeed, salt shaker is out and sodium counting is in.

Vitamin-mineral supplements
If you are eating properly every day, you are just wasting your money taking multivitamin-mineral supplements, according to experts.

Three studies published three years ago in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, found that multivitamins and minerals supplements “did not work any better than placebo.”

The report says these supplements would not boost the immune system or provide added health benefits, like preventing heart disease or memory loss, or enhancing longevity. to those who are eating properly daily and suggests abandoning their use. 

Only the multibillion-dollar multivitamin-mineral industry benefits, especially from those who take meg-dose supplements, which have been deemed detrimental to health and have resulted in deaths. There are also doubts that most of these and other food supplements on the market (pills, potions, and lotions) may not have the proper and right amount or quality ingredients in them. Not to mention the side effects from them that could take years to show.

Dr. Eliseo Guallar, a professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, stated that “it’s clear that vitamins are not working.” 

The studies did not show that multivitamins and minerals cause any adverse health effects, except when they are taken in a megadose (overdose) manner. Those below age 60 who are healthy and eating well may not need multivitamins, minerals, or any supplements. 

For the elderly and those who do not eat properly or adequately, multivitamins and minerals would be beneficial, taken at the recommended dosage. Be sure to discuss your concerns with your physician.

The main objective of this column is to educate and inspire people, especially parents, whose way of life inevitably impacts the health of their children, to live a healthy lifestyle to prevent illnesses and disabilities, and achieve a happier and more productive life for themselves and for their offspring. My articles are general medical information for the public and not intended to be applicable to, or appropriate for, anyone. The data, statistics, and personal commentaries presented here are not a substitute for, or inferred to be superior to, the professional opinion and recommendation of your physician, who knows your total condition well and who is your best ally when it comes to your health. 

***

For more data, please visit philipSchua.com

Email: scalpelpen@gmail.com
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