May 29, 2017, 6:29 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07372 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.41289 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03568 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32234 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02694 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04014 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61883 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03501 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00757 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.21016 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02775 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1385 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06559 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20514 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 401.84665 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0401 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02701 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01958 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.41871 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13757 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.49057 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.65616 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.98153 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47496 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.56443 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94018 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17375 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28102 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3623 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45965 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01796 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04169 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01565 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08608 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90225 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 182.35648 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14716 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.09595 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15642 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46989 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13267 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33601 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.51927 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.16178 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29566 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.70534 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.18426 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00763 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.60177 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01422 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23294 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06945 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36341 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.17021 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.03573 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.06503 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.47491 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00608 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01646 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.21999 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.1108 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.22079 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06604 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82658 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25943 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06119 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19607 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36395 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.10036 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.19791 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.1935 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16111 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18587 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6951 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31052 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.40426 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37051 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08565 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25809 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4432 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6002 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16848 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07648 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02843 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06543 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06377 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10277 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0752 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.54155 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07308 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08182 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13952 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.44902 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07527 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15837 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26825 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13368 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17472 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02777 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01563 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44572 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.54195 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.01967 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 440.26096 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17507 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.33681 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25802 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68306 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04816 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04615 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07172 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13487 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60472 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.74107 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5289 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.26014 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02007 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56624 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.29466 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20022 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.12204 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15295 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05162 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77599 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0542 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.81574 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13228 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01706 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25808 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.16499 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26415 Zimbabwe dollar

Dosage controversy

THERE have been controversies about the safe dose for our intake of calcium, Vitamin D, and sodium (salt). Obviously, the amount we take of any substance or medications, either too high or too low, is important, when it comes to efficacy, benefit, and adverse side-effects.

Calcium and Vitamin D
In October 2016, a new guideline was published stating that Calcium and Vitamin D intake “does not adversely affect cardiovascular health” as was suspected a decade ago.

Based on a meta-analysis published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the National Osteoporosis Foundation and the American Society for Preventive Cardiology “have determined that calcium in food or supplements (and even with the addition of Vitamin D), doesn’t have an effect on incident cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, disease-related mortality, or all-cause mortality in most healthy adults.”

Total consumption of less than 2000-2500 mg daily “should be considered safe from a cardiovascular standpoint,” according to this group. However, most individuals do not need more than 500 mg of supplemental calcium a day, which could even be provided by a regular diet. Vitamin D, in its D3 form, is recommended as essential in this study and the dosages stated are 600 IU/d for those up to age 70 and 800 IU/d for those older.

The caveat is, when it comes to food or medications, more is not necessarily better.

Sodium – Salt
When it comes to sodium (salt), more is definitely not better. As a matter of fact, excessive salt intake has an adverse side effects on the cardiovascular system. Those with hypertension (high blood pressure) and those with heart failure almost instantly experience the ill effects of eating foods that are too salty, anything more than the prescribed “low salt diet.” The blood pressure immediately goes up among hypertensives and those with heart failure soon develop shortness of breath and leg swelling, depending on the degree of cardiac failure.

An article in the October 3, 2016 issue of the Journal of American College of Cardiology reported that a study covering more than two decades shows that those with the lowest sodium (salt) intake have the lowest rate of mortality (death).

The controversy with regards to sodium was not how bad excess sodium was, since it has always been clear that too much salt was bad for practically everyone, not only for those with cardiovascular diseases. The question was what the safe lowest salt intake was. 

The new finding in this study by Dr. Nancy R. Cook and her partners at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, debunked the previous studies that reported people who consumed the lowest amount of sodium had increased mortality, or had no increased risk at all.

The study shows that “for every added 1000 mg/day of sodium (the equivalent of about a half-teaspoon per day), the risk of premature death went up by 12%. And that’s only for an excess of about half a teaspoon! A lot of salt “addicts” consume greater excesses than that, oblivious that this is most unhealthy.

The details of the study: “Cook and colleagues calculated mortality over 24 years for the patients in phase 1 (1987–1990) and phase 2 (1990–1995) of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention (TOHP), which analyzed the effect of sodium-reduction interventions on all-cause mortality based on multiple 24-hour urine samples from prehypertensive adults ages 30 to 54 years old. They found no disadvantage to ingesting the lowest levels of sodium, as reflected by 24-hour urinary sodium excretion, and a direct linear association between average sodium intake and mortality.”

The current guidelines from the US Food and Drug Administration is below 2300 mg a day, or roughly less than 2 teaspoons a day.

Food labels on cans and bottles provide, among other ingredients, the sodium content, and one can precisely tell the amount of salt in each. The guesswork comes with regards to home cooked food, unless the cook is vigilant, conscious, and careful in the use of table salt or other spices and additives that also contain salt. Many restaurants today are also showing on their menus nutritional facts, including amounts of calories, proteins, total fats, cholesterol, carbohydrates, and sodium, which helps. And their chefs also accept request for low salt, no MSG, less sugar, and less spices, or putting the sauces on the side on food orders.

So, before adding salt to your food, think of health and longevity. Indeed, salt shaker is out and sodium counting is in.

Vitamin-mineral supplements
If you are eating properly every day, you are just wasting your money taking multivitamin-mineral supplements, according to experts.

Three studies published three years ago in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, found that multivitamins and minerals supplements “did not work any better than placebo.”

The report says these supplements would not boost the immune system or provide added health benefits, like preventing heart disease or memory loss, or enhancing longevity. to those who are eating properly daily and suggests abandoning their use. 

Only the multibillion-dollar multivitamin-mineral industry benefits, especially from those who take meg-dose supplements, which have been deemed detrimental to health and have resulted in deaths. There are also doubts that most of these and other food supplements on the market (pills, potions, and lotions) may not have the proper and right amount or quality ingredients in them. Not to mention the side effects from them that could take years to show.

Dr. Eliseo Guallar, a professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, stated that “it’s clear that vitamins are not working.” 

The studies did not show that multivitamins and minerals cause any adverse health effects, except when they are taken in a megadose (overdose) manner. Those below age 60 who are healthy and eating well may not need multivitamins, minerals, or any supplements. 

For the elderly and those who do not eat properly or adequately, multivitamins and minerals would be beneficial, taken at the recommended dosage. Be sure to discuss your concerns with your physician.

The main objective of this column is to educate and inspire people, especially parents, whose way of life inevitably impacts the health of their children, to live a healthy lifestyle to prevent illnesses and disabilities, and achieve a happier and more productive life for themselves and for their offspring. My articles are general medical information for the public and not intended to be applicable to, or appropriate for, anyone. The data, statistics, and personal commentaries presented here are not a substitute for, or inferred to be superior to, the professional opinion and recommendation of your physician, who knows your total condition well and who is your best ally when it comes to your health. 

***

For more data, please visit philipSchua.com

Email: scalpelpen@gmail.com
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