August 17, 2017, 5:50 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01797 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04244 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 Falkland Islands Pound
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1 Philippine Peso = 182.75233 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1491 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.14512 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15784 Hong Kong Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 269.57844 Indonesian Rupiah
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1 Philippine Peso = 23.93595 Iraqi Dinar
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1 Philippine Peso = 22.6366 Korean Won
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1 Philippine Peso = 27.52331 Myanmar Kyat
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1 Philippine Peso = 7.25578 Mauritania Ougulya
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.08654 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02835 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00779 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06622 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06654 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0753 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 112.82935 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0738 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08196 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14766 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.61897 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.076 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16004 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26836 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13498 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17451 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02797 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01573 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45006 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 152.00649 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.08634 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 435.85326 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17678 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.43737 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26014 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6897 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04917 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04647 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0711 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61011 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 45.17633 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53223 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.78071 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02027 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57377 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 77.82732 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20216 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 459.54601 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18241 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05201 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.77483 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05472 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.82205 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13174 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.06546 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25921 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 105.17835 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.33482 Zimbabwe dollar

Do not be afraid of those who kill the body

JESUS said to the twelve: “Fear no one. Nothing is concealed that will not be revealed, nor secret that will not be known. What I say to you in the darkness, speak in the light; what you hear whispered, proclaim on the housetops.

And do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather, be afraid of the one who can destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. Are not two sparrows sold for a small coin? Yet not one of them falls to the ground without your Father’s knowledge. Even all the hairs of your head are counted. So do not be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows. Everyone who acknowledges me before others I will acknowledge before my heavenly Father. But whoever denies me before others, I will deny before my heavenly Father.”

***

Today’s Gospel reading is part of Jesus’ mission-sending discourse. Jesus tells his disciples, now functioning as apostles, that the mission is not for the fainthearted. Some people might not just reject them; there is also the possibility of them being killed. But they should not be afraid of those who kill the body; these cannot kill the soul. 

In this Matthean saying form, we may have a glimpse of the Greek distinction between the immortal soul and mortal body. But it is perhaps better to see “body” and “soul/life” as two sides of the human being, not two parts. The saying is thus interpreted: human beings cannot kill life itself–real life, that is. Only God can destroy the body and the life given it. The “one who can destroy” refers to God and to no one else, not even the devil. The Jewish rabbis would put it thus: the killing by a king of flesh and blood is not an eternal killing, but the killing performed by the King of all kings is; he kills for this age and the age to come.

Matthew shares the latter Jewish notion–espoused in the books of Daniel, Maccabees, and Wisdom–that the end of the body is not the end of life, because God will give a new body which will live in God’s kingdom. Or the body will be cast into hell. The interest here is not the depiction of the state after death, but to call men and women to be without fear in this life, because there is only one who deserves to be feared: God himself. “Fear of God,” however, is not anxiety which is often irrational. Fear is a rational avoidance of what can really cause harm–a loss of trust and devotion to God and to Jesus, his Son.

While on earth, we live by faith, not by sight. Faith, according to the Letter to the Hebrews, “is the realization of what is hoped for and evidence of things not seen” (Heb 11:1). This “evidence” lies in the conviction that we are in the hands of a loving God who has destined
another life for our immortal soul.

In the face of death, Vatican II notes, the riddle of human existence grows most acute. “Not only is man tormented by pain and by the advancing deterioration of his body, but even more so by a dread of perpetual extinction” (Gaudium et Spes n. 18). What is beyond this earthly, mortal life? Indeed, more painful than the actual loss of the body is the thought of what happens after. Vatican II notes, “Man rightly follows the intuition of his heart when he abhors and repudiates the utter ruin and total disappearance of his own person” (GS n. 18).

And the Church, taught by divine revelation, firmly teaches that man has been created by God for a blissful purpose beyond the reach of earthly misery. It is this faith in the other life, an immortal life, that made the martyrs of faith not to fear those who kill the body as they bear witness to God and to Jesus before men and women. “Some were tortured and would not accept deliverance, in order to obtain a better resurrection. Others endured mockery, scourging, even chains and imprisonment” (Heb 11:35-36). 

The offering of life in view of a better one has a shining example in the first Filipino saint and martyr: San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila. In 1636, while working as a clerk for the Binondo Church, Ruiz was falsely accused of killing a Spaniard. He sought asylum on board a ship with three Dominican priests and other companions and sailed to Okinawa, Japan. The Christians were being persecuted by the Tokugawa Shogunate at this time. Lorenzo and the missionaries were arrested and thrown into prison, and faced different types of torture. On
27 September 1637, they were taken to the Nishizaka Hill, in Nagazaki, where they were tortured by being hung upside down over a pit. Even though promised with release, Lorenzo refused to renounce Christianity. He declared these words upon his death: “I am a Catholic and wholeheartedly do accept death for God; had I a thousand lives, all these to him shall I offer.” 

***

– Fr. Gil A. Alinsangan, SSP
– (June 25, 2017)
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