January 23, 2018, 2:00 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07248 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15117 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37432 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02466 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03513 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03947 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.63391 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0315 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00743 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.55654 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02619 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13539 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06307 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25863 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19114 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 395.1056 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03943 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02465 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01899 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.98717 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12629 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.09039 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.14821 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78074 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40983 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49517 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12017 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94356 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24754 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25256 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34873 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.537 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01614 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03952 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08955 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.95481 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 177.50149 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14478 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.06335 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15424 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4645 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11993 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2536 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.98796 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.6801 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06734 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2595 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.36688 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 722.49855 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02684 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.44306 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01395 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18305 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02388 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36803 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.05665 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11131 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.76199 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.05013 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01618 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.40616 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 163.40439 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.70989 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.03631 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.51372 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24018 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06017 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01225 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1822 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33221 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99072 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.54431 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.6416 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15887 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.94691 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64535 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3059 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.08092 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36718 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07768 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24178 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.06532 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6045 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15516 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01397 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02711 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00759 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06337 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17782 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06737 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.75588 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07183 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07523 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11021 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.49398 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07401 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15294 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26317 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13811 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15903 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02605 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43825 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 150.5822 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.09138 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 395.67793 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17269 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16341 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24082 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62838 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04813 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04392 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07512 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1331 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57902 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.22736 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56937 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.46241 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01974 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56325 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 160.3513 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19686 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 447.97712 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03691 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0496 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.5818 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05329 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.49813 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92441 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.9329 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24034 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 102.41761 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14229 Zimbabwe dollar

Cosplay correct

KUDOS to Pablo and Tania O. Bairan of cosplay.ph for this year’s “Cosplay Man!a.” The 45,000 attendees (5,000 of them in costume) embody passion, curiosity and the pursuit of happiness. Here now are items of reality about cosplaying in general:

(1) Reiko Kondo, founder of L.A.’s premier cosplay artist agency, about the opportunities in this fast-growing field that looks at fictional and animated character representation in a different way: “Obviously the history of costuming in masquerades, holidays, and other rituals is present in most cultures from ancient times, but the popularity of cosplay today really started to grow when younger generations discovered anime.” [James Longley, May 4, 2017, http://www.backstage.com/]

(2) “Tokyo is a city that usually prides itself on being well turned out. But a carnival-like scene has been going on for years now in Harajuku and Yoyogi Park with Elvis dancers, coifs flying and grease dripping, and girls dressed up in fluffy dresses from the 1950s. Cosplay – short for costume play – dominates the scene. The costume trends emerge from nowhere. One week the panda look is all the rage, then it’s back to the French maid or Lolita look, which morphs into Goth, forming ‘Gothlolly’.” [John Lander, “Fashion conscious; Young people doff their drab daily dress and adopt new and sometimes bizarre identities as part of the weekend ‘Cosplay’ crew in Tokyo’s Harajuku district,” Toronto Star, 06 June 2009]

(3) “Stone’s analysis of the transformative quality of fantasy costumes adopted by children at play during their early phases of socialization has relevance to the process of dressing up in costume as a general activity amongst people of all ages across a range of contexts from theater, festivals, and masquerade events to fan-based subcultures or neo-style tribes.” [Anne Peirson-Smith, “Fashioning the Fantastical Self: An Examination of the Cosplay Dress-up Phenomenon in Southeast Asia,” Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture, Vol. 17, Issue 1, February 2013]

(4) “Sometimes people are miscast in life. They may appear to be dentists or clerks, but deep down they are actually fierce swordsmen or goddesses with devastating sex appeal. These true selves can emerge in the world of cosplay, the practice of impersonating characters from anime, manga, Japanese video games, and other realms of fiction.” [“The Anime Within,” Mother Jones, Nov/Dec2007, Vol. 32, Issue 6]

(5) “I’ve been able to help chapters and members understand how intellectual property law works; and once I got my LLM in e-commerce and technology, I was able to further reinforce those issues.” [Jenny B. Davis, “This lawyer is using her love for ‘Star Wars’ to expand the galaxy of geeks,” ABA Journal, December 2015]

(6) “We chose a myth. If you grew up in a religion, so did you—or, rather, a myth was presented to you, a story that speaks to a culture in a specific time and a specific place, generally with a finite set of motifs. Creation, destruction, or hero’s journey. Every one of us was handed a myth, and these are things that before TV, before movies, when we were young, our elders would have sat us down and said, ‘Here’s where the world came from. This is a story about a villain. Don’t act out these behaviors. This is the story of a hero. This is the way you should behave.’ And there will be a set of images that accompany it. These stories help you make decisions about how you want to live your life, but the language of the story also predicates your relationship with whatever it is you hold sacred, your notion of the transcendent. And if you are a Christian or a believer of one kind or another, it involves God.” [Jack Hitt, “The Circle Is Now Complete: Alex Bird, a Real-Life Jedi, Brings the Force to Life,” Virginia Quarterly Review, January 1, 2017]

(7) “Other prominent examples of cosplay in Japan include the Gothic/Lolita groups, who in addition to dressing elaborately, appropriated and repurposed traditional Japanese women’s speech and etiquette. Kogyaru and ganguro cosplay eras featured a unique collection of fashion, but was dominated by extensive ‘blackface’ and high-contrast makeup and hair schemes, tanning, and visually enlarging the eyes. That era may have died into a different sort of role-play and cosplay — bihaku, or the maximization of whiteness and pale qualities, especially following notable celebrities...Understanding manga, pachinko, and cosplay encourage broader discussions about global cultural dissemination and the Japanese brand.” [Kinko Ito and Paul A. Crutcher, “Popular Mass Entertainment in Japan,” Society (2014) 51:44–48]

Cosplay.ph, the Philippines’ largest cosplay events and management company, conducts its business with a single credo in mind: “Do right by everyone.” With this principle guiding each one of the organization’s efforts, the company has grown from a team of 8 passionate friends to a business that employs over 150 contractors, staging more than 10 events per year. Other matters of interest this week:

(1) “It’s kind of too late to be really – just to harangue them. But I was, under advice that the negotiations are going on, that the government of America is looking for ways how to get out of this problem of the Balangiga bells because it remains to be not only the source of irritation but the source of a painful reaction of what really happened to our countrymen...Order of Lapu-Lapu. Kasi itong mga taga-Maynila masyadong mga hambugero rin. Lahat ng mga hero, puro taga-Luzon. Si Dagohoy, si Lapu- Lapu, who – siya ‘yung unang pumatay ng imperyalista. Si Magellan, pinutulan niya ng ulo. Anong ginawa nila sa hero’s natin? Ginawang Lapu-Lapu, isda...So I hope that Congress of America will give the President Trump the authority to return the bells to us. [Speech of President Rodrigo Roa Duterte during his Attendance to the 116th Commemoration of Balangiga Encounter Day, Delivered at the Balangiga Encounter Monument, Balangiga, Eastern Samar, 28 September 2017]

(2) “During the open forum held after each performance of the play “Project Balangiga” by the Ma-Yi Theater Company (New York City, August 2002), several young Filipino Americans profusely thanked the Company for talking about the Philippine-American War. These Filipino Americans, most of whom were college students, did not know much about the War nor did they have an extensive knowledge of the history of colonization in the Philippines. Current studies in Filipino American history focus mainly on issues of migration, assimilation and integration rather than on the Philippines colonial history. Thus, though they knew of the assimilation struggle of the migrant farm workers, they were not aware of the struggle of the Filipinos in the Philippines against American imperialism.” [Joi Barrios, “A Hunger for History: A Study of Ma-Yi Theater Group’s ‘Project Balangiga’,” MELUS, 29.1 (Spring 2004), pp. 253-280]

(3) “On September 28, 1901, in the town of Balangiga, Samar, as the Company C of the 9th U.S. Infantry Battalion occupied the town, Filipinos rose up against the Americans, killing 36 soldiers and wounded 22 others. It would be known by the Americans as the Balangiga Massacre, considered as Samar’s most ‘glorious achievement’ during the Philippine-American War. In retaliation, the American forces led by U.S. Brigadier General Jacob Smith, reduced Samar to a ‘howling wilderness,’ killing civilians over ten years old. This led to a U.S. congressional investigation and trial.” [Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. Heroism, Heritage And Nationhood. San Miguel, Manila: Malacañan Palace, 2016, p. 224]
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Column of the Day

Facebook’s constant state of denial

By ABIGAIL VALTE | January 23,2018
‘Funny that Facebook is concerned about objectivity problems but turns around and gives the users the power to rank based on their standards of trustworthiness.’

Opinion of the Day

Disloyalty

By REY O. ARCILLA | January 23, 2018
‘Locsin should just concentrate on learning and doing his job instead of contradicting his President which smacks of disloyalty. If he can’t do that, he should resign out of delicadeza, that is, if Digong has indeed compelling reasons not to fire him.’