October 23, 2017, 8:27 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07128 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18168 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0346 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33849 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02474 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03455 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03882 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59705 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03208 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00732 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.78397 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02639 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13315 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06146 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26213 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20042 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 388.58696 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03878 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01906 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.12442 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1285 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 56.61879 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99029 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81172 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42217 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44992 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91751 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21396 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25699 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34161 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52232 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01642 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03984 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01474 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01481 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08518 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91421 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.2236 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14253 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.96933 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15143 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45421 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12329 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19002 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.04988 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.46118 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06762 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26145 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63199 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 665.74146 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03707 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.46487 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01373 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19732 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00019 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33191 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.26087 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11083 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.46894 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.96991 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00585 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.49204 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 160.69488 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.21972 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98137 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29173 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26378 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05918 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01204 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02652 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18258 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33463 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00621 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.37811 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.47671 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15597 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.84045 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65703 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30221 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.90062 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36633 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08199 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26335 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.8323 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58773 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15441 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0099 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02778 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00746 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06206 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03901 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06957 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.45264 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07337 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11374 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.1349 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07279 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15088 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26054 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12926 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15816 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0264 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43102 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.90373 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.81134 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.56018 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16984 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.99573 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26335 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64344 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04808 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04338 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07108 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12963 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58637 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.42003 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51417 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.78804 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5722 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 155.95885 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1936 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 440.93556 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02426 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76747 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05241 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69488 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.94759 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85151 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26339 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.72787 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02446 Zimbabwe dollar

Cosplay correct

KUDOS to Pablo and Tania O. Bairan of cosplay.ph for this year’s “Cosplay Man!a.” The 45,000 attendees (5,000 of them in costume) embody passion, curiosity and the pursuit of happiness. Here now are items of reality about cosplaying in general:

(1) Reiko Kondo, founder of L.A.’s premier cosplay artist agency, about the opportunities in this fast-growing field that looks at fictional and animated character representation in a different way: “Obviously the history of costuming in masquerades, holidays, and other rituals is present in most cultures from ancient times, but the popularity of cosplay today really started to grow when younger generations discovered anime.” [James Longley, May 4, 2017, http://www.backstage.com/]

(2) “Tokyo is a city that usually prides itself on being well turned out. But a carnival-like scene has been going on for years now in Harajuku and Yoyogi Park with Elvis dancers, coifs flying and grease dripping, and girls dressed up in fluffy dresses from the 1950s. Cosplay – short for costume play – dominates the scene. The costume trends emerge from nowhere. One week the panda look is all the rage, then it’s back to the French maid or Lolita look, which morphs into Goth, forming ‘Gothlolly’.” [John Lander, “Fashion conscious; Young people doff their drab daily dress and adopt new and sometimes bizarre identities as part of the weekend ‘Cosplay’ crew in Tokyo’s Harajuku district,” Toronto Star, 06 June 2009]

(3) “Stone’s analysis of the transformative quality of fantasy costumes adopted by children at play during their early phases of socialization has relevance to the process of dressing up in costume as a general activity amongst people of all ages across a range of contexts from theater, festivals, and masquerade events to fan-based subcultures or neo-style tribes.” [Anne Peirson-Smith, “Fashioning the Fantastical Self: An Examination of the Cosplay Dress-up Phenomenon in Southeast Asia,” Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture, Vol. 17, Issue 1, February 2013]

(4) “Sometimes people are miscast in life. They may appear to be dentists or clerks, but deep down they are actually fierce swordsmen or goddesses with devastating sex appeal. These true selves can emerge in the world of cosplay, the practice of impersonating characters from anime, manga, Japanese video games, and other realms of fiction.” [“The Anime Within,” Mother Jones, Nov/Dec2007, Vol. 32, Issue 6]

(5) “I’ve been able to help chapters and members understand how intellectual property law works; and once I got my LLM in e-commerce and technology, I was able to further reinforce those issues.” [Jenny B. Davis, “This lawyer is using her love for ‘Star Wars’ to expand the galaxy of geeks,” ABA Journal, December 2015]

(6) “We chose a myth. If you grew up in a religion, so did you—or, rather, a myth was presented to you, a story that speaks to a culture in a specific time and a specific place, generally with a finite set of motifs. Creation, destruction, or hero’s journey. Every one of us was handed a myth, and these are things that before TV, before movies, when we were young, our elders would have sat us down and said, ‘Here’s where the world came from. This is a story about a villain. Don’t act out these behaviors. This is the story of a hero. This is the way you should behave.’ And there will be a set of images that accompany it. These stories help you make decisions about how you want to live your life, but the language of the story also predicates your relationship with whatever it is you hold sacred, your notion of the transcendent. And if you are a Christian or a believer of one kind or another, it involves God.” [Jack Hitt, “The Circle Is Now Complete: Alex Bird, a Real-Life Jedi, Brings the Force to Life,” Virginia Quarterly Review, January 1, 2017]

(7) “Other prominent examples of cosplay in Japan include the Gothic/Lolita groups, who in addition to dressing elaborately, appropriated and repurposed traditional Japanese women’s speech and etiquette. Kogyaru and ganguro cosplay eras featured a unique collection of fashion, but was dominated by extensive ‘blackface’ and high-contrast makeup and hair schemes, tanning, and visually enlarging the eyes. That era may have died into a different sort of role-play and cosplay — bihaku, or the maximization of whiteness and pale qualities, especially following notable celebrities...Understanding manga, pachinko, and cosplay encourage broader discussions about global cultural dissemination and the Japanese brand.” [Kinko Ito and Paul A. Crutcher, “Popular Mass Entertainment in Japan,” Society (2014) 51:44–48]

Cosplay.ph, the Philippines’ largest cosplay events and management company, conducts its business with a single credo in mind: “Do right by everyone.” With this principle guiding each one of the organization’s efforts, the company has grown from a team of 8 passionate friends to a business that employs over 150 contractors, staging more than 10 events per year. Other matters of interest this week:

(1) “It’s kind of too late to be really – just to harangue them. But I was, under advice that the negotiations are going on, that the government of America is looking for ways how to get out of this problem of the Balangiga bells because it remains to be not only the source of irritation but the source of a painful reaction of what really happened to our countrymen...Order of Lapu-Lapu. Kasi itong mga taga-Maynila masyadong mga hambugero rin. Lahat ng mga hero, puro taga-Luzon. Si Dagohoy, si Lapu- Lapu, who – siya ‘yung unang pumatay ng imperyalista. Si Magellan, pinutulan niya ng ulo. Anong ginawa nila sa hero’s natin? Ginawang Lapu-Lapu, isda...So I hope that Congress of America will give the President Trump the authority to return the bells to us. [Speech of President Rodrigo Roa Duterte during his Attendance to the 116th Commemoration of Balangiga Encounter Day, Delivered at the Balangiga Encounter Monument, Balangiga, Eastern Samar, 28 September 2017]

(2) “During the open forum held after each performance of the play “Project Balangiga” by the Ma-Yi Theater Company (New York City, August 2002), several young Filipino Americans profusely thanked the Company for talking about the Philippine-American War. These Filipino Americans, most of whom were college students, did not know much about the War nor did they have an extensive knowledge of the history of colonization in the Philippines. Current studies in Filipino American history focus mainly on issues of migration, assimilation and integration rather than on the Philippines colonial history. Thus, though they knew of the assimilation struggle of the migrant farm workers, they were not aware of the struggle of the Filipinos in the Philippines against American imperialism.” [Joi Barrios, “A Hunger for History: A Study of Ma-Yi Theater Group’s ‘Project Balangiga’,” MELUS, 29.1 (Spring 2004), pp. 253-280]

(3) “On September 28, 1901, in the town of Balangiga, Samar, as the Company C of the 9th U.S. Infantry Battalion occupied the town, Filipinos rose up against the Americans, killing 36 soldiers and wounded 22 others. It would be known by the Americans as the Balangiga Massacre, considered as Samar’s most ‘glorious achievement’ during the Philippine-American War. In retaliation, the American forces led by U.S. Brigadier General Jacob Smith, reduced Samar to a ‘howling wilderness,’ killing civilians over ten years old. This led to a U.S. congressional investigation and trial.” [Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. Heroism, Heritage And Nationhood. San Miguel, Manila: Malacañan Palace, 2016, p. 224]
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Column of the Day

Finally, better airports

By DAHLI ASPILLERA | October 23,2017
‘Eight provincial airports being readied for night operations; to improve air travel, and help decongest NAIA. – Makati City Rep. Luis Campos Jr.’

Opinion of the Day

Who speaks for whom?

By JOSE BAYANI BAYLON | October 23, 2017
‘Let the people of Manicani speak for themselves and let the rest of us respect their wishes whatever that may be.’