May 24, 2018, 12:10 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07022 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04971 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03427 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46553 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02521 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03403 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03824 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.6174 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0318 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00722 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.47954 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02536 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13117 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30067 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19226 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 382.79159 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0382 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02445 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01907 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.17151 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12202 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 54.9522 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.70612 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78834 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41644 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.3891 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12076 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94646 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21398 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25367 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34149 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52008 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01621 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03927 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08859 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89503 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.06501 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14027 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93289 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15004 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45428 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11999 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19751 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.1499 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 271.08987 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06827 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30228 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 804.0153 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99809 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.38145 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0135 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12293 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91587 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30863 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 77.2065 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.91109 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.20841 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.57725 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00577 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01568 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.29369 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 159.08222 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.77629 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.0153 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.55793 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24207 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05829 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01187 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02595 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18017 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31807 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.99293 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.85086 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.83174 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15455 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76864 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65679 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29771 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.64149 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37878 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07606 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24208 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.88337 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59598 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15388 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08185 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02752 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00735 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0627 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06117 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20841 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06955 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 107.60994 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06959 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07495 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.17737 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.18375 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0717 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15039 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26023 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34331 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16581 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02562 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.13958 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7457 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 397.36138 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1673 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.84665 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24215 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61434 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04906 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04426 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08746 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12714 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57119 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.51816 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49847 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.12811 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01912 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59981 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 152.58126 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1501.96941 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 435.35373 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08088 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0494 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05163 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.62849 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92218 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.7782 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24216 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.22562 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91969 Zimbabwe dollar

But can you find love?

PROBABLY not in Japan’s “comfort facilities,” belonging to the Recreation and Amusement Association which were bars, dance halls, restaurants, brothels and nightclubs run by water-traders and other businessmen at the behest of the Home Ministry, prefectural governors and local police chiefs for the pleasure of Allied occupation troops in the immediate postwar period.

The Japanese gambit, decided as early August 21, 1945, of shoehorning 20,000 patriotic Okichis into slaving for the “Special Comfort Facilities Association” (Tokushu Ian Shisetsu Kyōkai), tricked the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, thus, preserving Hirohito’s oligarchic Yamato patriarchy.

Did any of the 350,000 US troops in Japan find love in Komachi Garden? Who knows? Less than 60 years later, “Meteor Garden” would bowl over thousands of Taiwanese, Filipino, Thai, Indonesian and Hong Kong fans of tele-drama. The TV show “Liúxing Huayuán” was, of course, simply a live-action Taiwanese take on Yoko Kamio’s best-selling Japanese shōjo manga series called “Boys Over Flowers,” which in turn became the TBS drama series of Hana Yori Dango. 

How many Northeast and Southeast Asians fell for Ms. Mao Inoue’s rendition of the plucky Makino Tsukushi and the small-screen playboy-characters Domyouji Tsukasa, Hanazawa Rui, Nishikado Soujiro and Mimasaka Akira? Batches of young and mature female Asians continue to be entranced with the dramedy of Makino’s entanglement with the ruling princelings of the preppy Eitoku Academy. They have fueled the creation of “Hana Yori Dango Returns” and “Hana Yori Dango Final” as well as “Hana Nochi Hare” (HanaDan Next Season) with their infatuation over the elitist F4 and admiration for Makino. The uber-wealthy Flower Four (stand-in for the zaibatzus Mitsui, Mitsubishi, and Sumitomo as well as the Yakuza?) were even succeeded by the Correct 5 as the next bully-clique. 

In Episode 8 of the original Hana Yori Dango TV series, Makino joined the Teen of Japan competition to win money for her father’s debt. Thus solidifying the niche of the fictional feisty teenager as a role model for the bubblegum stratum and coeds? But have the starry-eyes wandered upon the historical examples of Sada Abe or Fumiko Kaneko?

Ms. Abe (who had a sister punished for sexual promiscuity by being sent by her own father to work in a brothel and was herself sold by her own parents to a geisha house for behaving as an uncontrollable teenager) was the center of the “Go Ichi-Hachi” Incident. Her crime of murdering and mutilating her lover out of jealousy and/or love symbolized the “ero-guro-nansensu” trend in the Japanese spring of 1936.

Her prison sentence was commuted on the occasion of the 2,600th anniversary of Jimmu Tenno’s ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne. She was released from jail seven months before the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor.

Like Sada Abe, Fumiko Kaneko was imprisoned for her beliefs, personified the “dokufu” stereotype and was nearly sold by her own mother to a brothel due to extreme poverty. Unlike Abe, Ms. Kaneko had a shortened life, having killed herself 10 years before the Go Ichi-Hachi Incident.

Kaneko’s affair and marriage to the Korean activist Pak Yeol and Abe’s long life are different points along the spectrum of love, Japanese-style. Do they also channel “joshiryoku” (“feminine power”)? The Japanese women do enjoy their freedom to cosplay or to wear high heels on a normal milk run to the neighborhood grocery store. And though they are expected to gift their male cohorts with “giri choco” (obligatory chocolate) on Valentine’s Day, they get it back on White Day.

Be that as it may, the homeland of samurais and ninjas as well as “otakus” and “hikkikomoris” has also spawned the Kakuhido, which has been campaigning for a decade now against the “passion-based capitalism” of Valentine’s Day 

Politically-correct or not, the crusaders against Japanese “love capitalism” are harmless compared to the operators of the Japanese wartime military sexual slavery system that led to comfort women. Pathetic
or not, the Kakuhido activists are non-toxic compared to the perpetrators of the Bataan Death March, Rape of Mapanique, Lipa Massacre and Rape of Manila.

The “joshi kosei” (high school girls), who in the 1990s may or may not have sold their used and unwashed gym shorts to merchants at “buru-sera” shops, can be huge fans of Julia of the Cowboy Bebop series.

But have they been taught about the tragedies and war crimes wrought by the Tojo regime during World War II?

Some of these joshi kōsei grow up to become the “housewives who control Japan’s future,” thus lamented by Katsuhiro Furusawa, Takayuki Akimoto and the rest of the Kakuhido. 

The “Smash Valentine’s Day” banner-men of Japan and the joshi kōsei who trade their school uniforms for yen may sound chucklesome, as reported in the press, both Japanese and international. Yet the world may prefer them to the Schutzstaffel who operated the Lagerbordell in the Third Reich or the Aufseherin in Nazi Germany.

Better the tomboyish Makoto and her love-interest Chiaki (The Girl Who Leapt Through Time) than actual women kidnapped in German “łapanka” or “rafle” then brought to the Soldatenbordell in Axis-occupied Europe or the victims of the fictional “Love Camp 7” and the real Buchenwald concentration camp. Sada Abe versus The Witch of Buchenwald.

Fumiko Kaneko versus Fraulein Devil (a.k.a. Elsa: Fraulein SS), Dr. Ellen Kratsch (La Bestia in Calore), and Helga, She Wolf of Stilberg. The ‘Babe Garden’ of the Recreation and Amusement Association versus the Salon Kitty of the Nazi Sicherheitsdienst. 

The violent and bratty Jun Matsumoto as Domyouji Tsukasa versus Colonel Von Kleiben of the Lager SSadis Kastrat Kommandantur.

So, can you find love? Where? In Italy: “Roman Holiday” (Paramount Pictures, 1953)
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

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Summer ‘Kampf’

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By BERNARD KARGANILLA | May 24,2018
‘Prepare for peace, learn a new skill, prepare for war, enjoy a new hobby: join a summer camp. Life is a struggle (Kampf).’

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Passive smoking is more deadly

Philip S. Chua's picture
By PHILIP S. CHUA | May 24, 2018
‘Parents, especially pregnant mothers, should not smoke, but if they have to, they should do it outside the home, and away from people.’