June 26, 2018, 12:44 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06901 UAE Dirham
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.14741 Hong Kong Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 264.43067 Indonesian Rupiah
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1 Philippine Peso = 22.24728 Iraqi Dinar
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1 Philippine Peso = 25.98647 Myanmar Kyat
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1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 106.55769 Paraguayan Guarani
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07509 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18236 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.96073 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07046 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1479 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25235 Seychelles Rupee
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.16635 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02551 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01417 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41725 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.94363 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.72905 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 394.98309 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16441 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.67644 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25202 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.61856 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04882 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04333 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08786 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12682 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56924 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.63435 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49267 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.51597 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01879 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59451 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 147.50094 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1499.4363 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 430.10147 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07159 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0488 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05073 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.56614 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92165 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.69466 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25241 South African Rand
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1 Philippine Peso = 6.80008 Zimbabwe dollar

Bonifacio’s Laguna

BONIFACIO Day yesterday, November 30, celebrating the 154th birth anniversary of one of the Philippines’ greatest and most influential heroes, Andrés Bonifacio. 

Laguna being my retirement home, I’m pleasantly surprised to read how involved and active were the Katipunan members of Laguna.

Laguna writes about the Supremo: Born on November 30, 1863, Bonifacio was one of the Filipino revolutionary leaders who spearheaded the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish colonizers in the late 19th century. A Freemason, Bonifacio, along with some others, founded the underground movement known as the Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or simply Katipunan in 1892 that heralded the end of Spanish colonial rule over our people. 

The Katipunan was a secret revolutionary society that instigated militant reactions against the Spaniards, aiming to help Filipinos in their quest for freedom and independence against Spain. Hence, Bonifacio is regarded as the Father of the Philippine Revolution and was the most effective President of the Supreme Council of the Katipunan.

Bonifacio’s leadership was undermined by others, particularly by the supporters of Emilio Aguinaldo who aggressively took over the revolutionary forces after a series of leadership challenges and internal rifts that threatened the unity of Katipunan. Bonifacio was arrested and was unjustly ordered to be tried and executed under the guise of treason along with his brother. On May 10, 1897, the Bonifacio brothers (Andres and Procopio) were executed in the mountains of Maragondon, Cavite.

In Laguna, the flame of resistance was firmly planted by members of the Katipunan: In Bae, Laguna, Katipuneros took care of Apolinario Mabini, who later was acknowledged as the Brains of the Revolution. In Pagsanjan, Laguna, Katipunan members launched the earliest battle against the Spaniards in the Battle of Sambat. In Magdalena, Laguna, Emilio Jacinto, the Brains of the Katipunan, participated in the Battle of Maimpis. It was also believed that Gregoria de Jesus, wife of Bonifacio and Lakambini of the Katipunan, hid in a town in Laguna after escaping from the men who persecuted the Bonifacio Brothers.

Magdalo was the Katipunan chapter in Cavite led by Emilio Aguinaldo, while the other Cavite chapter of the Katipunan called Magdiwang was led by Mariano Alvarez who was an uncle of Bonifacio’s wife Gregorio de Jesus. It was a takeover of power over the revolution by Emilio Aguinaldo from Bonifacio’s Katipunan.

Unlike Rizal Day or any other national celebration for independence, Bonifacio Day is celebrated on the day of his birth rather than the day of his death, mainly because Bonifacio suffered the controversy of being killed by his fellow countrymen, not by the Spaniards.

Andres Bonifacio was one of those influential people we are proud to have in our country. He made great contributions and sacrifices during the Spanish regime to gain our country’s independence which we are enjoying now.

As a tribute to Bonifacio, a bill was submitted to Congress by Kabataan Party List Representative Raymond Palatino, filed as House Bill No. 4543. It aims to promote another subject in college that will cover the life and contributions of Bonifacio, and will be known as “The Life, Works, and Ideals of Andres Bonifacio.”

The bill emphasizes that college students should learn to apply the nationalistic ideals that Bonifacio possessed during his time. It also stresses the role of the government in promoting nationalism and patriotism under the Philippine Constitution. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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