August 23, 2017, 12:32 am
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07147 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19187 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03469 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33668 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02451 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03464 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03892 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.5756 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03242 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.60051 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13349 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06121 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19907 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 389.56996 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03888 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02447 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01877 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.5721 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12979 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.11442 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.13232 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82448 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43076 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44814 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91224 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.13275 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25874 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45257 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01654 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03921 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0151 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08543 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87566 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.07628 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14152 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97957 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15221 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45349 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12172 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.20354 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01888 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 259.9533 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07033 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.2483 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.7087 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 640.80562 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08893 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.47247 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.12376 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00234 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33721 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.92995 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.16852 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.51314 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.14964 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01596 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.48297 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.09555 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.29364 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98307 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22611 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26095 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05932 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01208 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1842 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34588 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.01323 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.52267 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.3633 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15677 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02471 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64623 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30142 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.93073 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34414 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08344 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25604 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.1006 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58844 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1538 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99066 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02661 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00749 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06301 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06168 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0504 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07069 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 108.34793 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07086 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07605 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14343 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.06149 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07297 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1508 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26075 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1296 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15772 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02651 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01511 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43211 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.94279 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.8776 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.39601 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17027 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.02102 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25583 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64604 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04749 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04262 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06846 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13124 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58973 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.43258 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49523 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.99416 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01946 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.55517 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 80.17124 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19409 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 442.24558 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01985 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04832 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.84141 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05254 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76455 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95213 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.86379 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25581 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.98268 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.04223 Zimbabwe dollar

Blessed is the warlord

YES, he was Japanese. Yes, he was Christian. And yes, he was a warlord. All three terms were applied to Lord Takayama by the “Japan Times” in reporting that the 16th century figure was beatified this week.

“Ukon, born in 1552 and baptized in his childhood, served as a warrior and was exiled to Manila in 1614 due to the Edo Shogunate’s ban on Christianity...Approval of beatification requires either martyrdom or a miracle to have taken place. Excluding Ukon, 393 Japanese have been granted the status while 42 others have been made saints.” [http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/02/07/national/japanese-christian-warlord-takayama-ukon-beatified/]

It was the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Japan that promoted the warlord’s canonization: “Ukon was often placed in situations where important and decisive life choices had to be made which could not be avoided by a military commander belonging to the powerful ruling class. He stood at the very forefront where the values of God and that of the world come into greatest conflict. Decisive choices that cannot be avoided have to be made by any Christian leader in whatever age. Ukon held clear principles for choosing the path that would lead to God and would lead to correct decisions. To answer to the love of God who, in order to love without limit and to save we sinners, took on himself mankind’s destiny to die—this was Ukon’s basic principle...There was no room for compromise. What moved Ukon was the belief that remaining in the love of God was the road to human happiness.” [“A Man Who Walked The Path Obedience,” https://www.cbcj.catholic.jp]

So, what is his story? In 1563, Takayama (lord of Hida), along with Yuki (lord of Yamashiro) and Kiyohara Geki, and before them, Omura Sumitada of Hizen, were baptized. Ukon was only 12 years old and it was his father, Dario, who was the Daimyo. Ukon would grow up to succeed his father as a Christian feudal lord who was, at the same time, an “active and trusted vassal” of the two shoguns, Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Unfortunately for the 35-year-old daimyo, Hideyoshi in 1587 issued an edict forbidding Christianity and ordered all missionaries to leave Japan. Takayama Ukon was “deprived of fief and status.” [https://www.cbcj.catholic.jp/english/japan/history/1543-1944/]

According to the CBCJ: “The shogunate feared the influence of Ukon, and in 1614 exiled him to the Philippines along with more than 300 Christians. On reaching Manila, they were given a national welcome, but before long Ukon fell gravely ill and died in Manila during the night of February 3, 1615, some 40 days after his arrival there. He was given a national funeral and was buried in the Philippines.”

From the Spanish side: “The persecution of Christians in Japon is more bloody than it has ever been before, and has become as bad as could be imagined. It will suffice to say that in the city of Nangacaqui 30 bars of silver, each one containing about four ducados, are publicly offered to whomsoever may discover a religious. But just as tender plants, because of the cold of winter, take deeper root in the soil, these religious, because of their difficulties, plant themselves more firmly in the faith and bear more plentiful fruit. This has already been demonstrated. Indeed, during the last year more than 50 Japanese have nobly given their lives to the service of Jesus Christ; and almost 2,000 adults have for the first time received the water of holy baptism.” [“Relation of the Events in the Filipinas Islands. And in Neighboring Provinces and Realms, From July, 1618, to the Present Date in 1619,” Dated at Manila, July 12, 1619; The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898: Volume XVIII, 1617-1620. Edited by E. H. Blair and James Alexander Robertson]

The Church of Japan acknowledged the cooperation of its counterpart in Manila in actively pursuing the cause of the “Samurai of Christ,” with the Official News Service of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines having reported: “With persecutors hot on his heels, Takayama, with 300 others, sought refuge in the Philippines, a Catholic country then ruled by Spain and which opened its doors to Japanese Christians. He found sanctuary in Manila’s Dilao district (today’s Paco) which at that time was home to some 3,000 Japanese immigrants, mostly religious refugees like himself...The Spanish government gave him a burial worthy of a Christian and a samurai. Today, about half a million Japanese identify as Catholics; roughly 0.5% of the population...A statue of Takayama in full samurai gear stands at Plaza Dilao.” [http://www.cbcpnews.com/cbcpnews/?p=45511]

The utility of Dom Justo as an icon of Philippine-Japan relations had been cited by two heads of state, one from each country. At the December 2002 state dinner hosted by His Majesty Emperor Akihito in honor of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, then visiting Tokyo, the Filipino Chief Executive “noted that these friendly ties could be traced as far back as the exile of Lord Ukon Takayama, a great Christian samurai, and his family to Manila in 1614.” [http://www.gov.ph/2002/12/04/the-presidents-day-december-4-2002/]

At the return bout with a different Filipino head of government, the same Japanese monarch intoned: “The peoples of the Philippines and Japan enjoyed exchanges with each other through commerce since around the mid-16th century, when a Japan Town was formed in Manila. In the 17th century, however, the Tokugawa shogunate banned Christianity and adopted a policy of national seclusion, forbidding Japanese citizens from traveling overseas and foreign nationals from entering Japan. As a result, the Christian daimyo, or feudal lords, Takayama Ukon and Naito Tadatoshi were exiled to Manila, along with other Japanese Christians, by the Tokugawa shogunate. This year marks the 400th anniversary of Takayama’s death from illness in Manila.” [Remarks by His Majesty the Emperor at the State Banquet in Honor of His Excellency, Benigno Aquino III, President of the Republic of the Philippines, Tokyo, June 3, 2015]

Yes, this may be an instance of two Asian nations sharing an historical moment of Christian heritage in a longer period of conflict and imperialism. Is this also a specimen of “Japan’s soft power viewed through the lens of the Philippines’ commemoration of historical events,” as defined by academia? [Lydia N. Yu Jose, Philippine Political Science Journal, Volume 33, Issue 2, 2012] Memories in Manila have “not proved strong enough to radically challenge Japan’s soft power.” [http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01154451.2012.734095?scroll=top&needAccess=true&journalCode=rpsj20]

Vatican Radio reported that Pope Francis had sent Cardinal Angelo Amato, Prefect of the Vatican’s Congregation for the Causes of Saints, to preside over the Beatification Mass of Justo Takayama Ukon. Back in the Pacific, a commander-in-chief contemplated a passage to Hades.
Rating: 
No votes yet

Column of the Day

Juvenile justice and welfare (2)

By DAHLI ASPILLERA | August 23,2017
‘Sen. Pangilinan’s Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act adheres to curative justice; recovery/repair rather than revenge. (1) Treats children as children; adolescents as adolescents. (2) And it takes a village community to raise a child.’

Opinion of the Day

12 truths about sleep

By PHILIP S. CHUA | August 23, 2017
‘Lack of sleep and rest increases our risk for over-eating, obesity, high blood pressure, heart attacks, stroke, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and even cancer.’