October 24, 2017, 5:40 pm
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07134 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20455 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03458 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33662 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02487 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03458 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03885 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60625 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03236 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00733 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.77953 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02645 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13326 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06247 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26263 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2012 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 388.88889 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03881 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02456 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01915 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.27409 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12894 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.24748 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.99748 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82304 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42383 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.43493 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12305 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91725 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22277 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25859 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34188 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52409 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01653 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03972 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01472 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08496 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91414 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.78632 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14265 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.93765 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15157 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45491 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12399 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18939 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08741 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 263.01476 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06781 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26296 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.669 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 667.07459 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04662 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.45552 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01374 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20812 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00952 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32896 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.1857 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.06566 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.48252 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.95047 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00587 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01593 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52234 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 161.26651 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.24437 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98368 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29817 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.267 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05922 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01205 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33557 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00952 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.41803 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.5136 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15611 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.8244 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65657 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30245 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.91123 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37068 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08228 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26663 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.91531 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59261 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15522 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01146 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02786 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00746 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06287 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06211 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04157 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0698 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.32012 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07303 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07595 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11692 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.13209 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07284 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15112 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25618 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12937 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15921 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02646 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43135 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 148.01865 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.85859 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.06606 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16997 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.0035 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26663 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64433 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04839 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04297 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07213 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12972 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58747 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.47319 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51593 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.94017 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01943 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57556 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 156.17716 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19376 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 441.37529 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06876 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04978 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.83178 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05245 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68376 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.97222 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85431 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26674 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.80614 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02991 Zimbabwe dollar

Blessed is the warlord

YES, he was Japanese. Yes, he was Christian. And yes, he was a warlord. All three terms were applied to Lord Takayama by the “Japan Times” in reporting that the 16th century figure was beatified this week.

“Ukon, born in 1552 and baptized in his childhood, served as a warrior and was exiled to Manila in 1614 due to the Edo Shogunate’s ban on Christianity...Approval of beatification requires either martyrdom or a miracle to have taken place. Excluding Ukon, 393 Japanese have been granted the status while 42 others have been made saints.” [http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/02/07/national/japanese-christian-warlord-takayama-ukon-beatified/]

It was the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Japan that promoted the warlord’s canonization: “Ukon was often placed in situations where important and decisive life choices had to be made which could not be avoided by a military commander belonging to the powerful ruling class. He stood at the very forefront where the values of God and that of the world come into greatest conflict. Decisive choices that cannot be avoided have to be made by any Christian leader in whatever age. Ukon held clear principles for choosing the path that would lead to God and would lead to correct decisions. To answer to the love of God who, in order to love without limit and to save we sinners, took on himself mankind’s destiny to die—this was Ukon’s basic principle...There was no room for compromise. What moved Ukon was the belief that remaining in the love of God was the road to human happiness.” [“A Man Who Walked The Path Obedience,” https://www.cbcj.catholic.jp]

So, what is his story? In 1563, Takayama (lord of Hida), along with Yuki (lord of Yamashiro) and Kiyohara Geki, and before them, Omura Sumitada of Hizen, were baptized. Ukon was only 12 years old and it was his father, Dario, who was the Daimyo. Ukon would grow up to succeed his father as a Christian feudal lord who was, at the same time, an “active and trusted vassal” of the two shoguns, Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Unfortunately for the 35-year-old daimyo, Hideyoshi in 1587 issued an edict forbidding Christianity and ordered all missionaries to leave Japan. Takayama Ukon was “deprived of fief and status.” [https://www.cbcj.catholic.jp/english/japan/history/1543-1944/]

According to the CBCJ: “The shogunate feared the influence of Ukon, and in 1614 exiled him to the Philippines along with more than 300 Christians. On reaching Manila, they were given a national welcome, but before long Ukon fell gravely ill and died in Manila during the night of February 3, 1615, some 40 days after his arrival there. He was given a national funeral and was buried in the Philippines.”

From the Spanish side: “The persecution of Christians in Japon is more bloody than it has ever been before, and has become as bad as could be imagined. It will suffice to say that in the city of Nangacaqui 30 bars of silver, each one containing about four ducados, are publicly offered to whomsoever may discover a religious. But just as tender plants, because of the cold of winter, take deeper root in the soil, these religious, because of their difficulties, plant themselves more firmly in the faith and bear more plentiful fruit. This has already been demonstrated. Indeed, during the last year more than 50 Japanese have nobly given their lives to the service of Jesus Christ; and almost 2,000 adults have for the first time received the water of holy baptism.” [“Relation of the Events in the Filipinas Islands. And in Neighboring Provinces and Realms, From July, 1618, to the Present Date in 1619,” Dated at Manila, July 12, 1619; The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898: Volume XVIII, 1617-1620. Edited by E. H. Blair and James Alexander Robertson]

The Church of Japan acknowledged the cooperation of its counterpart in Manila in actively pursuing the cause of the “Samurai of Christ,” with the Official News Service of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines having reported: “With persecutors hot on his heels, Takayama, with 300 others, sought refuge in the Philippines, a Catholic country then ruled by Spain and which opened its doors to Japanese Christians. He found sanctuary in Manila’s Dilao district (today’s Paco) which at that time was home to some 3,000 Japanese immigrants, mostly religious refugees like himself...The Spanish government gave him a burial worthy of a Christian and a samurai. Today, about half a million Japanese identify as Catholics; roughly 0.5% of the population...A statue of Takayama in full samurai gear stands at Plaza Dilao.” [http://www.cbcpnews.com/cbcpnews/?p=45511]

The utility of Dom Justo as an icon of Philippine-Japan relations had been cited by two heads of state, one from each country. At the December 2002 state dinner hosted by His Majesty Emperor Akihito in honor of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, then visiting Tokyo, the Filipino Chief Executive “noted that these friendly ties could be traced as far back as the exile of Lord Ukon Takayama, a great Christian samurai, and his family to Manila in 1614.” [http://www.gov.ph/2002/12/04/the-presidents-day-december-4-2002/]

At the return bout with a different Filipino head of government, the same Japanese monarch intoned: “The peoples of the Philippines and Japan enjoyed exchanges with each other through commerce since around the mid-16th century, when a Japan Town was formed in Manila. In the 17th century, however, the Tokugawa shogunate banned Christianity and adopted a policy of national seclusion, forbidding Japanese citizens from traveling overseas and foreign nationals from entering Japan. As a result, the Christian daimyo, or feudal lords, Takayama Ukon and Naito Tadatoshi were exiled to Manila, along with other Japanese Christians, by the Tokugawa shogunate. This year marks the 400th anniversary of Takayama’s death from illness in Manila.” [Remarks by His Majesty the Emperor at the State Banquet in Honor of His Excellency, Benigno Aquino III, President of the Republic of the Philippines, Tokyo, June 3, 2015]

Yes, this may be an instance of two Asian nations sharing an historical moment of Christian heritage in a longer period of conflict and imperialism. Is this also a specimen of “Japan’s soft power viewed through the lens of the Philippines’ commemoration of historical events,” as defined by academia? [Lydia N. Yu Jose, Philippine Political Science Journal, Volume 33, Issue 2, 2012] Memories in Manila have “not proved strong enough to radically challenge Japan’s soft power.” [http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01154451.2012.734095?scroll=top&needAccess=true&journalCode=rpsj20]

Vatican Radio reported that Pope Francis had sent Cardinal Angelo Amato, Prefect of the Vatican’s Congregation for the Causes of Saints, to preside over the Beatification Mass of Justo Takayama Ukon. Back in the Pacific, a commander-in-chief contemplated a passage to Hades.
Rating: 
No votes yet

Column of the Day

Thank You, Mr. President

By REY O. ARCILLA | October 24,2017
‘f nobody else would do it and if only to give credit where credit is due, I would like to thank and congratulate President Duterte for a job well done.’

Opinion of the Day

APEC Vietnam, Asean Manila

By ABIGAIL VALTE | October 24, 2017
‘Hopefully our representatives take full advantage of these opportunities to push our agenda forward.’