July 20, 2018, 2:46 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0687 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01833 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03442 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51646 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02528 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0333 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03741 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57108 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03151 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00707 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 32.75309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02527 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12832 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07203 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27899 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19255 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 374.4856 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03737 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02464 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01868 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.20576 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12563 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 53.5578 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.55649 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.77142 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41506 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.32024 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11972 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.93303 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19981 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25129 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33389 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51106 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01606 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03917 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01429 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01431 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08962 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88982 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 168.66816 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14005 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.88103 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1468 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44747 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1187 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26057 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.20183 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 269.36027 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06796 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28159 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.25963 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 813.69248 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99588 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.43547 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01325 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11107 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.8771 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27484 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 75.70146 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.90311 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 16.83502 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.15413 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00566 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01534 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.4508 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 157.22035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.15189 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98915 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 3.00412 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24822 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05703 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01161 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02573 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17723 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31076 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.98373 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.78638 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.80995 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15122 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.64048 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64347 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29125 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.40105 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35353 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07589 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24819 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.7153 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58586 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15284 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04293 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02753 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00719 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06114 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06073 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39618 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0692 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.97905 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06809 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07472 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.18 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 15.95267 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07015 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14747 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25122 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33483 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16573 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02554 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0143 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.41538 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 153.38571 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.68088 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 393.68313 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16367 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.633 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24845 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.62252 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04952 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04351 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08966 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12587 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57159 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 42.49906 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49158 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 69.56977 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01871 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58277 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 145.09914 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 2239.05724 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 431.12608 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.04265 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04883 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05051 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.52881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.90591 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.67265 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24818 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 97.07258 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76955 Zimbabwe dollar

Barbaric fraternities (3)

SCHOOL rectors, presidents, chancellors tolerate these frat killing-rituals. Judges, most beholden to and belonging to frats, prefer to dismiss hazing death cases. The anti-hazing law has two glaring loopholes: 1) “Requires authority/permission from school OR... from fraternity masters” (who are the instigators of the hazing.... OR? Like assigning wolves to supervise the hen house). Why not AND? 2) Hazing only outside school. So, fratmen do it in distant secluded private farms where they can kill in secret. Two hundred plus lawmakers overlooked, missed these loopholes in this anti-hazing law.

And it was most common, especially from the 1960s to the 80s, for brutish fratmen to barge into a classroom, or wait at a corridor in between classes to lure their prey, as the unfortunate Horacio “Atio” Castillo was lured to join Aegis Juris. No idea that those brods were vicious enough to kill him. If Atio had survived, he will next find himself at serious frat wars, chasing and attacking enemy frats with metal tubes and bullets. Never mind that their skirmish injure bystanders or knocked down a faculty member as happened to me on the UPLB walkpath.

Alpha Phi Omega was created in 1925, making VP Jejomar Binay probably the oldest member of this fraternity. The APO president announced: 

“Death cases due to hazing during initiation rites is not known, claiming there were no official tracking of the victims. Hazing victims and the ‘hazers’ would definitely not admit the wrongdoing which doctors may not recognize their case as hazing.... There is no difference between hazing and non-hazing practice to check the commitment and loyalty of our new members. It is not through hazing that we contemplate to the upcoming new members. They will undergo a series of programs to determine their dedication.” This is the established Mission and Vision of APO? It it is too convoluted to understand, too vague as mission and vision, and too far removed from what we see is the practice of the Alpha Phi Omega.

Remember that the body of EJ Karl Intia, 19, a UMakati student was retrieved from a ravine before being identified by his father. With bruises concentrated in the legs, he was probably dead before he was transported and dumped down that 30 meter-deep hole. Four members of the APO fraternity surrendered to the Makati Police. Fifteen people were present during the hazing rites in Barangay San Antonio in Makati.

Years back, only four out of 10 APO chapters had adopted the no-hazing policy, the rest of APO chapters totally ignore Alpha Phi Omega Mission and Vision not to kill its recruits. Where are those participants at the killing of EJ Karl Intia?

Most campus administrators of universities claim ignorance of frat pagan cult killing tradition. School rectors, presidents, chancellors continue to call these beat-to-the-death rituals “initiation.” Most judges’ loyalty is not to dead neophites but to frats. The guilty’s wealthy parents bribe and pay their way out of prosecution and notoriety. 

“Time and time again, we have pushed for the review of this anti-hazing law. To our disappointment, the Congressional leadership has failed to conduct such review.”—Kabataan Party List Representative. The Anti-Hazing law is a misnomer, since this law does not even prohibit hazing, as long as it is done outside the school premises. Consequently, such acts of violence goes on at some secluded family farm.

“Not Guilty! Case Dismissed!” Which is why of the dozens, if not hundreds of dead neophites from hazing, only one single solitary conviction by a court. The rest are cases still fermenting in courts 10 years later, or very quietly bailed or bribed closed. Only in the Philippines!

Two decades after the crime, the Supreme Court confirmed, sustained a lower court life imprisonment for attempted (?) murder on five Sigma Rhoans on the death of Dennis Victorina. Were are they now?

Two years ago, members of the Tau Gamma Phi (TGP) including one sick with stage 2 cancer—surrendered to authorities to tell what they knew about the hazing death of Guillo Cesar Servando of De la Salle’s St. Benilde. The caretaker was considered a suspect too after he was identified by the surviving neophytes as the participant who fed them chili and chocolates and made them sniff ammonia to keep them from passing out during their ordeal. Frat criminals immediately are granted visas to... where else, the USA. Were they tracked down to return? Not likely. They lived happily in the USA ever after. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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