October 21, 2017, 7:30 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07128 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18168 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0346 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33849 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02474 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03455 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03882 Barbados Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Bermuda Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.06146 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26213 Bhutan Ngultrum
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1 Philippine Peso = 388.58696 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03878 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02429 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01906 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.12442 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1285 Chinese Yuan
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1 Philippine Peso = 10.99029 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Cuban Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.42217 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.44992 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12229 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91751 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21396 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25699 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34161 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52232 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01642 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03984 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01474 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01481 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08518 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91421 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.2236 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14253 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.96933 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15143 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45421 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12329 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19002 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.04988 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 262.46118 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06762 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26145 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.63199 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 665.74146 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03707 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.46487 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01373 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19732 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00019 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33191 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 78.26087 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.11083 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.46894 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 21.96991 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00585 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.49204 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 160.69488 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.21972 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98137 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29173 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26378 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05918 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01204 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02652 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18258 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33463 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00621 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.37811 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.47671 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15597 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.84045 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65703 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30221 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.90062 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36633 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08199 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26335 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.8323 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58773 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15441 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0099 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02778 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00746 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06206 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03901 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06957 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.45264 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07337 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11374 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.1349 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07279 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15088 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26054 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12926 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15816 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0264 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01475 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43102 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.90373 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.81134 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.56018 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16984 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.99573 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26335 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64344 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04808 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04338 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07108 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12963 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58637 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.42003 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51417 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.78804 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01941 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.5722 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 155.95885 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1936 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 440.93556 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02426 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.76747 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05241 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.69488 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.94759 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.85151 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26339 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 100.72787 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.02446 Zimbabwe dollar

Barbaric fraternities (3)

SCHOOL rectors, presidents, chancellors tolerate these frat killing-rituals. Judges, most beholden to and belonging to frats, prefer to dismiss hazing death cases. The anti-hazing law has two glaring loopholes: 1) “Requires authority/permission from school OR... from fraternity masters” (who are the instigators of the hazing.... OR? Like assigning wolves to supervise the hen house). Why not AND? 2) Hazing only outside school. So, fratmen do it in distant secluded private farms where they can kill in secret. Two hundred plus lawmakers overlooked, missed these loopholes in this anti-hazing law.

And it was most common, especially from the 1960s to the 80s, for brutish fratmen to barge into a classroom, or wait at a corridor in between classes to lure their prey, as the unfortunate Horacio “Atio” Castillo was lured to join Aegis Juris. No idea that those brods were vicious enough to kill him. If Atio had survived, he will next find himself at serious frat wars, chasing and attacking enemy frats with metal tubes and bullets. Never mind that their skirmish injure bystanders or knocked down a faculty member as happened to me on the UPLB walkpath.

Alpha Phi Omega was created in 1925, making VP Jejomar Binay probably the oldest member of this fraternity. The APO president announced: 

“Death cases due to hazing during initiation rites is not known, claiming there were no official tracking of the victims. Hazing victims and the ‘hazers’ would definitely not admit the wrongdoing which doctors may not recognize their case as hazing.... There is no difference between hazing and non-hazing practice to check the commitment and loyalty of our new members. It is not through hazing that we contemplate to the upcoming new members. They will undergo a series of programs to determine their dedication.” This is the established Mission and Vision of APO? It it is too convoluted to understand, too vague as mission and vision, and too far removed from what we see is the practice of the Alpha Phi Omega.

Remember that the body of EJ Karl Intia, 19, a UMakati student was retrieved from a ravine before being identified by his father. With bruises concentrated in the legs, he was probably dead before he was transported and dumped down that 30 meter-deep hole. Four members of the APO fraternity surrendered to the Makati Police. Fifteen people were present during the hazing rites in Barangay San Antonio in Makati.

Years back, only four out of 10 APO chapters had adopted the no-hazing policy, the rest of APO chapters totally ignore Alpha Phi Omega Mission and Vision not to kill its recruits. Where are those participants at the killing of EJ Karl Intia?

Most campus administrators of universities claim ignorance of frat pagan cult killing tradition. School rectors, presidents, chancellors continue to call these beat-to-the-death rituals “initiation.” Most judges’ loyalty is not to dead neophites but to frats. The guilty’s wealthy parents bribe and pay their way out of prosecution and notoriety. 

“Time and time again, we have pushed for the review of this anti-hazing law. To our disappointment, the Congressional leadership has failed to conduct such review.”—Kabataan Party List Representative. The Anti-Hazing law is a misnomer, since this law does not even prohibit hazing, as long as it is done outside the school premises. Consequently, such acts of violence goes on at some secluded family farm.

“Not Guilty! Case Dismissed!” Which is why of the dozens, if not hundreds of dead neophites from hazing, only one single solitary conviction by a court. The rest are cases still fermenting in courts 10 years later, or very quietly bailed or bribed closed. Only in the Philippines!

Two decades after the crime, the Supreme Court confirmed, sustained a lower court life imprisonment for attempted (?) murder on five Sigma Rhoans on the death of Dennis Victorina. Were are they now?

Two years ago, members of the Tau Gamma Phi (TGP) including one sick with stage 2 cancer—surrendered to authorities to tell what they knew about the hazing death of Guillo Cesar Servando of De la Salle’s St. Benilde. The caretaker was considered a suspect too after he was identified by the surviving neophytes as the participant who fed them chili and chocolates and made them sniff ammonia to keep them from passing out during their ordeal. Frat criminals immediately are granted visas to... where else, the USA. Were they tracked down to return? Not likely. They lived happily in the USA ever after. 

***

Dahliaspillera@yahoo.com
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