February 21, 2017, 8:44 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07293 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.52581 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03515 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30481 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02586 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03554 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03971 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.57506 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03647 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00748 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.46168 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02815 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13622 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06162 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33042 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20696 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 397.53772 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03967 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02601 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01991 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.67752 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13655 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.2776 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.95115 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06136 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50503 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.53197 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13894 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92534 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18034 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29236 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31315 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44698 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01869 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04092 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01598 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01592 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08694 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.86338 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 184.72001 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14677 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.05262 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15408 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46652 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13837 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.28535 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.75973 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 265.01191 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07353 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32923 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.45115 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 643.20888 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18924 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.54845 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01407 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24728 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05322 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.37172 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.01906 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.15965 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.87133 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.76807 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00605 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01628 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.33439 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.45035 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.86497 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.98749 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.78713 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25715 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06054 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01232 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02826 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19979 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39525 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.14496 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.88642 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 49.14615 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15873 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.05322 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.70234 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30421 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.29706 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.40758 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08849 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26128 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25496 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58627 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16555 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15647 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02763 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00764 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06476 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06296 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.08122 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08074 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 114.24742 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07229 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08451 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.15249 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.1811 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07447 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15448 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26803 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13238 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17685 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02815 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01598 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44095 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 145.88959 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.90151 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 458.00835 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1732 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.22597 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26146 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69519 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04538 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0447 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07189 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13343 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6112 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.24146 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53981 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 71.20731 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01986 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56195 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 65.62748 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19806 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 452.9984 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10346 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05044 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.2498 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05361 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.39515 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.22379 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.96823 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26052 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 103.04805 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.18626 Zimbabwe dollar

All about Christmas

AS the happiest season of the year, religious and secular, comes around, here are some interesting facts about Christmas.

The Philippines, most likely the country with the greatest Christmas spirit, celebrates Christmas the longest and most festive, starting from September where the streets, stores, and some homes, are already decorated in preparation for Christmas.

Of the 102,250,133 population of the Philippines, there are about 90 percent Christians, 80 percent of them Catholics. The tradition is from the influence of the Spanish colonial years, from the 16th to the 19th century.

About 30-35 million real Christmas trees are sold annually in the United States. There are 21,000 Christmas tree growers in the United States, and trees usually grow for about 15 years before they are sold. Obviously, hundreds of millions are sold around the world. Not to mention the artificial trees. 

Did you know that between 1659 to 1681, the celebration of Christmas was illegal in Boston, USA, and law-breakers were fined 5 shillings (about 27? US dollars), a lot of money then.

Christmas is celebrated today in the Greek and Russian orthodox churches 13 days after the 25th, popularly known as the Epiphany or Three Kings Day, the day the three wise men found Jesus in the manger.

Christmas celebrations were rowdy and raucous in the Middle Ages, much like today’s Mardi Gras parties, except that they were destructive, “free from arrests during the season.” Definitely pagan rituals. 

Christmas legally became a federal holiday in the United States on June 26, 1870. There were 69,470,686 registered Catholics in the United States (22% of the US population) as of 2015. The 2016 US population is 324,118,787.

Kris Kringle in the early USA was changed by Dutch settlers in America to “Sinterklass,” (we now know as Santa Claus), actually from St. Nicholas, who was generous with gifts to a lot of people before he died. St Nick was born in Patara (Asia Minor) and went to Myra (now Demre in Turkey), where he became a bishop. He died on the 6th of December between A.D. 326 and 341.

In 1828, Joel R. Poinsett, an American minister to Mexico brought home the red and green plant from Mexico. That festive plant we know today as Poinsettia.

As a gimmick to attract customers to Montgomery Ward department stores, writer Robert L. May invented “Rudolph, the most famous reindeer of all,” in 1939, with a poem about reindeers.

The famous Rockefeller Center Christmas tree lighting tradition was started in 1931. 

The Christmas tree tradition actually started in Germany in the 16th century when Christians decorated pine trees in their homes as a part of the Christmas season. The Vikings in Scandinavia considered evergreens as special plant of the sun god, Balder.

Ever heard of Christmas Disease?
Christmas Diseases has nothing to do with the Christmas season. Christmas Disease is a blood disease, also known as Hemophilia B or factor IX hemophilia. It is a hereditary bleeding disorder due to deficiency in coagulation factor IX. This condition is X-linked recessive inheritance, affecting only males, and occurs in 1 in 100,000 male births. This illness causes spontaneous bleeding in the joints. 

What is Christmas Blues?
Christmas Blues is a form of mild depression (called Seasonal Affective Disorders, or SAD for short) that happens to some of us, normal and healthy people, during the Christmas season or other festive family occasions. Empty nest syndrome, where the grown up or married children have left home, creating an empty and lonely feeling in the parents, especially the mothers, is one such type of emotion that is magnified by family occasions like Christmas, New Year, birthdays, etc. Frequent visits from the children or family reunions during the holidays minimize these “blues” and provide a sense of parental security and happiness, especially among the elderly parents. The other common cause of this extreme sadness is poor financial situation in life, where self-pity, panic, a sense of hopelessness and helplessness prevail especially on a holiday like Christmas. 

How long could food be left safely at room temperature?
Different types of food have different “spoilage time.” Fresh fish, processed meat, cream-filled pastries, custards, fruits salads, noodles (pancit), food cooked with tomatoes provide good media for bacterial growth after more than 6 hours of exposure to room temperature, depending on how warm the ambient temperature is. Common food contaminants are Staphylococcus Aureus, E. Coli, and Amoeba, and water contaminants are (non-typhoidal) Salmonella and Shigella. Staphylococcal Food Poisoning is due to the enterotoxins produced by the Staph bacteria. Some dishes, like adobo or paksiw could last for even a week in room temperature without spoiling, unless contaminated by handlers. The prudent thing to do is to refrigerate the left overs as soon as the meal is completed. Those who do not have a refrigerator should not cover the food airtight, since this will not allow the food “to breathe” and would tend to increase the heat and pressure, leading to a much shorter “spoilage time.” If using a plastic wrap, poke a few holes on it to allow for a better ventilation. Keep the food in the refrigerator, an ice box, or in the coldest part of the house, and eat it within 24 hours.

What is Chinese Food Syndrome?
This condition could sometimes mimic a heart attack. It causes chest pains, facial pressure, and burning sensations throughout the body, sometimes with dizziness or fainting. This phenomenon is a pharmacologic reaction to monosodium glutamate (MSG or vetsin), a popular white powder food seasoning used in cooking. The symptoms are not really due to an allergic reaction and is dose-related. Most people are not bothered by MSG, but some react to it more severely. Although death is very rare with this syndrome, a surgeon classmate of mine, who was attending a meeting in Nice, France, several years ago, had so violent a reaction after ingesting Chinese food with monosodium glutamate that he expired within an hour thereafter.

Those who develop any of the four symptoms enumerated above after eating food cooked with MSG should clearly request chefs or cooks in restaurants, at home, or anywhere else, not to use MSG in preparing their food. Because of this syndrome, most Chinese (and other) restaurants today no longer use MSG. If in doubt, ask the manager or waiters, and instruct them accordingly.

***

As we prepare to celebrate the birth of Christ, let us remember his teachings and embrace our suffering fellowmen with compassion and care during this sacred season of sharing. That is the best gift we can give ourselves.

Here’s wishing you and your loved ones a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year filled with love, good health, joy, peace, prosperity, and a long life to enjoy them.

***

For more data, visit philipSchua.com 

Email: scalpelpen@gmail.com
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