August 24, 2017, 11:08 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07186 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19135 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03488 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33671 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02474 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03483 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03913 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.58501 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03243 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00737 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.80317 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01957 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02662 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.135 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06144 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01957 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25465 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19996 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 391.70416 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03909 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02455 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0189 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.52006 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13024 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.28605 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.17355 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01957 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.82684 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43209 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.48268 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12318 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.91822 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.14647 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25914 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34533 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45392 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01656 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03962 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01527 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01529 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08616 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.8785 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.92115 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14239 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.00117 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1531 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45643 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12198 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.198 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.009 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 261.0448 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07054 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.25296 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.81354 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 646.44882 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.09352 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.49247 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01385 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1352 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01487 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34164 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.92565 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.17413 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.60908 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.06222 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0059 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01604 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.52808 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.39483 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.45412 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99315 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.24027 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25729 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05965 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01214 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02677 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1841 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34915 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.0182 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.62884 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 47.54451 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15767 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0632 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64704 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30033 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.01037 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34596 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08361 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25735 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0632 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57816 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1539 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00059 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02707 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00752 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01957 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06327 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06425 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.05811 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07095 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 109.62629 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0718 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07593 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.15543 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.15574 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07337 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15192 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26554 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13031 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15764 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02663 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01528 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43447 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.74232 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.89806 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 405.92448 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.1712 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.07591 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25733 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65193 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04773 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04379 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06807 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13216 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59221 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.65095 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.49932 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.27979 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01957 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56075 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 81.4909 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19517 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 444.51183 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02935 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04937 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.85815 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05283 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.74819 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96419 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.89043 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25716 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.5359 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.08081 Zimbabwe dollar

In the Age of Information

I SPOKE before students of Mass Communication and Journalism yesterday, and asked for a show of hands. How many of you, I asked, read today’s newspapers? Zero. How many read the newspaper yesterday? Zero. The other day? Zero.

The speaker after me asked - how many of you have Facebook? All hands went up. 

Very obviously, today’s generation use Facebook as their source of information. I have a gut feel that if they had been asked how many go to ABSCBN or GMA7 or even Rappler Online not even 1/3 of the audience would have raised their hands.

Twenty-three years ago I played host to Alvin Toffler and his wife Heidi. The Toffler Lecture, which we entitled “Powershift” after the book of the same title, was a project of Pilipinas 2020 with sponsorship from the Ayala Foundation and the E. Zobel Foundation. It brought to Manila for the first and only time in his life the author of the 1970s bestseller “Future Shock”, a book whose message I clearly remember my parents discussing over the dinner table when I was in grade school .

But it was Toffler’s book “The Third Wave” that I found most exciting to read as a member of the Filipino middle class - because the Third Wave was all about information and knowledge, a future where what mattered most was one’s ability to make sense of anything and everything that was happening around us in a manner that others couldn’t grasp or couldn’t grasp immediately. 

He who connected the dots first or saw the patterns first had a leg up over the rest. It didn’t matter if you didn’t come from a landed family (that only mattered during the First Wave) or had no access to capital (the source of power in the Second Wave). In the Third Wave you drew power and influence from the grey matter between your ears. 

The symposium I attended was about “fake news”, and I told the students listening that if in the Third Wave it was information that mattered, it was even more important that the information we plugged into our brains wasn’t fake news! The students knew the memory of their phones- and I am pretty sure they knew how big they wanted the memory to be for the different apps they were going to download. But were they aware of the size of the memory available between their ears? A memory into which one could pour an almost infinitesimal amount of data that can be retrieved almost at will, absent any mental disorder of course? 

So what data do the 20-somethings of this world plug into their memory banks? For sure it seems whatever they plug in there doesn’t come from the newspapers. No one seems to read them nowadays. Maybe a considerable amount comes from television, never mind its sound-byte nature and oftentimes shallow discourse. Worse, a greater amount seems to come from what they read online - fake news included -- and usually limited to headlines. And that’s what I find bothersome.

Fake news such as “mining causes earthquakes”, for example. 

Life as we know it isn’t as something you can put easily into boxes or paint as black and white. Analysis, careful consideration, discernment -- we need to engage in these when we confront issues big or even small, the immediate as well along term. But today’s socio-cultural and political environment seems to be all about the latest happening, the latest sound byte, the latest impulse - for which there is hardly any time for analysis or discernment. Hence the reliance on headlines which could very well be misleading. Or the penchant to forward messages or stories that were not first carefully digested. The result is dogmatic thinking, defined by someone as mistaking opinion for fact.

Should I be worried that kids today no longer read newspapers? Yes. And that’s just for starters. 

Because I think the even greater problem is that they no longer read, period.
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