April 26, 2017, 11:47 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07374 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.49799 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30869 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02653 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03594 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04016 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.66265 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0362 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.12309 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02795 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13795 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06279 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29719 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20691 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.00804 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04012 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02712 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01999 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.14779 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13823 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.61044 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.0492 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.03795 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4955 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.5743 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13744 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94578 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.18602 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.28902 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36285 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45783 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01847 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04172 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0157 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08205 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.88052 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 185.36145 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14727 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.10221 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15618 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46867 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13713 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33153 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.74598 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.38956 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29488 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.71486 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.34539 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.16064 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.5751 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01423 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20343 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06888 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.34789 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 80.12048 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.2747 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.07229 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.75743 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0061 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01647 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25622 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.67872 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.25502 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.05723 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.80723 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26094 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06122 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01246 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02828 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19886 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38584 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13153 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.04819 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.27309 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16089 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.14859 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.6994 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30622 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.41345 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37604 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08831 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.261 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.3253 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59056 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17162 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07129 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02861 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00772 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.065 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06586 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10141 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07841 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 110.69879 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07311 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08354 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.11942 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.43896 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07529 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15744 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27046 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13372 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17781 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02796 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01569 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.4459 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.5984 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.98394 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 452.80121 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17514 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34096 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26104 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.68916 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05006 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04645 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07169 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13453 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60745 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.77912 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.53434 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.53012 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02008 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.57068 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 74.29719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2003 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 456.10443 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17892 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0517 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 12.11064 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05422 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 12.18876 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19137 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.01908 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26099 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.20683 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.26707 Zimbabwe dollar

‘Game of Thrones’

IN the HBO hit series “Game of Thrones,” audiences are equally enthralled with the constant maneuverings and scheming involved in the King’s Small Council, which is made up of allies, advisors, family members, and trusted supporters. 

Sometimes the Small Council does good and ends up supporting the King; sometimes, petty squabbles and slights among its members result in overthrowing the occupant of the Iron Throne. 

The Cabinet of the President of the Philippines is in many ways similar to the fictional Small Council of King’s Landing. 

From the beginning of any president’s term, political observers keep a close watch on who ends up where, made more interesting by the inevitable jockeying and jostling between power blocs within an incoming administration. 

As members of the Official Family, cabinet secretaries are the president’s alter egos under the doctrine of qualified political agency, which has been long recognized under our legal system in order to assist the Chief Executive in running the government. As alter egos, the decision of the Cabinet as individuals on matters under the purview of their designation stand as long they are not overturned or contradicted by the source of the authority. Depending on the incumbent’s management style, cabinet members may be shuffled as frequently as your playlist on Spotify, changed as often as your smartphone, or unmoving in their positions as the traffic along EDSA, much to the consternation of well-meaning citizens. 

 (Don’t feel too bad for them, my dear millennials and feellennials. Should they feel unnecessarily abused by their boss, they can always take comfort in the fact that a majority of cabinet members can declare a sitting president unfit to discharge the powers and duties of his office by the 1987 Constitution, thereby triggering a succession mechanism.)

It goes without saying that harmony within the Cabinet in terms of policy and professionalism is imperative to the success of any administration. Conversely, in-fighting can and will effectively hamper progress in pushing for the President’s agenda. 

Case in point is the not-so cold war between Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez and Environment Secretary Gina Lopez. Without a doubt, these two have been on a collision course since the day that Lopez made good on her promise to review existing mining agreements that are detrimental to the environment. After an audit, Lopez shut down mining operations in ten provinces, and intends to suspend more. This seemed to catch her fellow cabinet members off guard, and the rest of the Cabinet scrambled to catch up.

After an uproar from pro-mining stakeholders, Dominguez, through the Mining Industry Coordinating Council, or MICC (the Department of Finance co-chairs this, alongside DENR), ordered a review of the DENR’s audit. Before the MICC review even started, Duterte and his Cabinet intervened by putting on hold DENR’s closure orders. Even as the issue remained unresolved, Lopez faced intense grilling from members of the Commission on Appointments (CA) for her confirmation. Facing opposition left and right from pro-mining groups, local government officials, and groups fearful of losing their jobs in the mining sector, Lopez defended herself and her decisions firmly, as can be expected of a passionate advocate. Little did she know that another chink in her armor would be delivered by no other than a fellow cabinet member: Dominguez himself appeared (which by itself was very strange and unusual, considering that it involved the confirmation of a colleague) in a caucus called by the CA to tell its members that other concerned departments were not consulted on the matter, and that there was a failure to accord the mining firms due process in closing them down. Earlier, Dominguez also let slip a little barb during a Palace press briefing: “Being a secretary is not like being a crusader; being a secretary is balancing the needs of the different sectors in society,” in response to a question if Lopez’s confirmation will be good for government. Lopez has since been bypassed by the CA, and is expected to return for another round of hearings in May, as Duterte himself has confirmed the reappointment of his favorite crusader.

Skirmishes are not uncommon within the Cabinet, and to a certain extent, are expected especially when crafting national policy that cuts across wide swathes of society. But these clashes are best kept within the four walls of the Aguinaldo State Dining Room, far from public view, where differences can be settled away from prying eyes and ears. Seeing the President’s men and women in open combat also unwittingly gives us insight on Duterte’s management style: he lets them duke it out in public either because he cannot control them, or he couldn’t care less that the business of governance is impeded by these public intramurals. 

Back in Westeros, the question Lord Varys poses to Ned Stark expresses it best: “Why is it always the innocents who suffer most when you high lords play your game of thrones?” While we may be temporarily amused to witness the jousting and parrying between the combatants, in the long run, it is the public that will inevitably suffer when the valuable time and energy of our officials is spent clawing at each other rather than working together to solve the long list of maladies confronting our government today.

It’s Complicated

Issues facing government are not always about two sides. Abigail Valte’s law background and deep dive into government provides insight on its inner workings and what factors go into policy decision making.

Her once a week column is an incision on current political and social issues.
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