April 22, 2018, 11:09 am
Facebook iconTwitter iconYouTube iconGoogle+ icon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07053 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99923 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38677 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02467 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03841 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.59228 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03034 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00724 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 33.62742 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02503 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13175 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06526 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26032 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18403 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 384.48243 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03837 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02421 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01858 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 11.41406 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12052 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 52.12791 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 10.7778 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.71039 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.39282 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.39601 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11551 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94891 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1798 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24262 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33916 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52276 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01551 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03865 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08525 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89975 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.80584 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14089 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.95007 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15072 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45249 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.11491 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.24505 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 4.8093 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 264.60534 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06739 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26727 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.73862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 806.60649 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 1.91031 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.37565 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01361 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06171 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 1.92145 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.32194 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 76.97331 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 7.61206 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.28442 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 20.40042 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00575 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01575 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.25043 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 158.93989 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 28.9034 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99693 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.50451 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22892 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05855 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01192 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02543 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17577 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31452 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94968 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.52333 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.86134 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15521 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 6.76013 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64144 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.29902 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 13.70175 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.35007 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07459 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22915 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.87536 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59554 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14884 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01652 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02629 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00739 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06176 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21836 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06459 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.04187 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0699 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16816 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.22066 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14768 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25792 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34667 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.161 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02513 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42646 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.53351 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79316 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 380.06338 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16804 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.89015 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22917 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.599 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04602 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04292 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07736 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12961 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56365 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7488 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50259 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.84694 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54158 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.65719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1139.831 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 437.43038 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00538 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05185 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.83983 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79931 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2292 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 99.66391 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 6.95026 Zimbabwe dollar

Aquino, Trillanes cleared on treason raps

THE Office of the Ombudsman has thrown out criminal complaints for treason and espionage filed last year against former President Benigno Aquino III and Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV in connection to backchannel talks with China over disputed areas in the West Philippine Sea.

With the individual culpability of both Aquino and Trillanes in both imputed offenses unsupported by credible proof, investigators said the theory of conspiracy between the respondents must likewise fail.

In a 17-page resolution penned by Graft Investigation and Prosecution Officer Leilani Tagulao-Marquez dated June 7, 2017, the Ombudsman declared that it found no probable cause to indict the two respondents.

Ombudsman Conchita Carpio Morales approved the resolution based on the recommendations of Assistant Ombudsman Marilou Ancheta-Mojica and Preliminary Investigation and Administrative Adjudication Bureau (PIAB) director Nellie Boguen-Golez.

Complainants former PNP chief Roberto Lastimoso, educator Enrico Sampang, former Cultural Communities Sectoral Rep. Ronald Adamat, defeated congressional bet Dioscoro Esteban Jr. and retired regional trial court judge and former Elections Commissioner Moslemen Macarambon accused Trillanes of meddling in the country’s foreign affairs and placing national security at risk in alleged conspiracy with then President Aquino, who authorized his backchannel mission.

They said Trillanes gave out confidential information about the country’s position in the West Philippine Sea and peddled misinformation that emboldened the Chinese “to commit aggressive posturing.”

Cited as basis for the allegation was the published commentary of former senator Juan Ponce Enrile supposedly based on the scribbled notes of Philippine Ambassador to China Sonia Brady.

The Ombudsman said none of the modes of treason defined under Article 114 of the Revised Penal Code – levying war against the government or adhering to the enemies of the Philippines, giving them aid or comfort - apply in the case of Aquino and Trillanes.

The first involves assembling an armed group against the country while the second ground is defined as extending assistance to the enemies of the State.

“Treason is a war crime. It is not an all-time offense. It cannot be committed in peacetime. While there is peace, there are no traitors. There must be actual hostilities,” the Ombudsman pointed out.

It said backchannel talks between Trillanes and a Chinese representative “is an inherent presidential power,” hence, cannot be considered as “giving aid to the enemy” as it was a means to prevent an escalation of a territorial dispute.

“While there was an on-going territorial dispute over certain areas in the West Philippine Sea between China and the Philippines, this does not make China an enemy of our country. The Philippines still has bilateral and diplomatic relations with China,” it pointed out.

Likewise, investigators pointed out that the timeline cited in the complaint was wrong.

The complainants blamed Trillanes for emboldening China, but the Ombudsman noted that as early as May 23, 2011 news reports have already shown Chinese activities in six reefs that are part of the Kalayaan Island Group.

The backchannel talks between Trillanes and his Chinese counterpart only began in May 2012 or a full year later.

On the second allegation, the Ombudsman explained that “gathering, transmitting, or losing information respecting the national defense” for purposes injurious to the interests of the Philippines and to the advantage of a foreign nation must be established to support an indictment for espionage.

In this requirement, the so-called Brady Notes fall short.

“The claims and assertion in the so-called Brady Notes are considered hearsay and, thus, should not be given evidentiary weight. These insufficiently prove that Sen. Trillanes disclosed to the Chinese vital information related to the defense system of the Philippines,” the Ombudsman declared.

Trillanes said: “The decision proves our point from the very start that the case was merely filed to harass and tarnish my reputation.”

“This is what happens when your political opponents start to believe their own propaganda. But no matter how they twist the facts, in the end, the truth will always come out,” he said.

At the last leg of the 2016 presidential campaign, Martin Diño, then Duterte’s national campaign manager, announced the filing of treason and espionage charges against Aquino and Trillanes. – With JP Lopez
Category: 
Rating: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)

Column of the Day

Globe’s nuisance messages

By DAHLI ASPILLERA | April 20,2018
‘Ayala, do something to stop these off-hour sales texts to my mobile!’

Opinion of the Day

Dinapigue on my mind

By JOSE BAYANI BAYLON | April 20, 2018
‘When that happens Dinapigue will be distant no more. Because when opportunities beckon, distance no longer becomes a hindrance.’