April 22, 2018, 10:30 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07053 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 1.99923 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03418 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.38677 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02467 Australian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.03841 Barbados Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02503 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13175 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06526 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26032 Bhutan Ngultrum
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Cuban Peso
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.94891 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.1798 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.24262 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33916 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52276 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01551 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03865 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01348 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08525 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.89975 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 172.80584 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14089 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.95007 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15072 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45249 Honduras Lempira
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1 Philippine Peso = 264.60534 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06739 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26727 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.73862 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 806.60649 Iran Rial
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.37565 Jamaican Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.06171 Japanese Yen
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1 Philippine Peso = 20.40042 Korean Won
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01575 Cayman Islands Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 2.50451 Liberian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.01192 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02543 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17577 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.31452 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94968 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 25.52333 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 45.86134 Mongolian Tugrik
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.35007 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07459 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22915 Namibian Dollar
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.59554 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14884 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01652 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02629 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00739 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06176 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06241 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.21836 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06459 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 106.04187 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0699 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07223 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.16816 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.22066 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07202 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14768 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25792 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34667 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.161 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02513 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01349 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42646 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 146.53351 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.79316 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 380.06338 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16804 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 9.89015 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.22917 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.599 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04602 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04292 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07736 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12961 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56365 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.7488 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.50259 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.84694 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0192 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.54158 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 154.65719 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 1139.831 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 437.43038 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.00538 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04922 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05185 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.16881 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.83983 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.79931 Yemen Riyal
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3 chief justices lead Senate ChaCha hearing

THREE former chief justices and several members of the 1986 Constitutional Commission lead resource persons of the Senate committee on constitutional amendments and revision of codes and laws when it hears on Wednesday the proposals to amend or revise the 1987 Constitution.

Sen. Francis Pangilinan, committee chairman, said invited to the hearing were former chief justices Reynato Puno, Hilario Davide, Jr. and Artemio Panganiban.

Also invited were Associate Justices Antonio Nachura, Vicente Mendoza and Adolf Azcuna; and 1986 ConCom members Christian Monsod, Jose Luis Martin Gascon, Rene Sarmiento, Felicitas Aquino – Arroyo, Ricardo Romulo, Bernardo Villegas, and Florangel Rosario Braid.

Former Senate President Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea, chief presidential legal counsel Salvador Panelo and several members of the academe, the church, business sector and local executives will also give their inputs.

Pangilinan said there is a need to hear the voice of wisdom of as many sectors as possible because the implications of a revised or amended Constitution are deep and far-reaching.

“No one chamber of Congress can do it alone. The changes should also come from the people,” he said.

Three resolutions have been filed in the Senate to tackle amendments to the Constitution. These are the: Resolution of Both Houses No. 1 by Minority Leader Sen. Franklin Drilon; Joint Resolution No. 1 by Sen. Richard Gordon; and Senate Bill No. 128 by Sen. Miguel Zubiri.

Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III is expected to file a separate resolution calling for a change in the form of government from unitary to federal through a constituent assembly. He is looking for the submission of the amended constitution to a plebiscite next year.

But Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said a constitution drafted by a constituent assembly should be submitted to the people in a plebiscite this May.

Pangilinan assured there will be no railroading of proposals to amend or revise the 1987 Constitution. 

He said there will be no unnecessary delays in the proceedings, either.

He said while the Liberal Party, to which he belongs, already has a position on the matter, one group would not dominate the debates and the passage of the proposals.

“We are not discussing constitutional amendments for the sake of the interest of one political party but for the interest of the Republic and our countrymen,” he added.
 
AMENDMENTS ONLY

Senate Majority Leader Vicente Sotto III said only amendments to the Constitution instead of an entire overhaul will be made if the country transitions to a federal system.

Sotto, in a separate interview with dzBB, said his fellow senators are not in favor of changing the entire Constitution.

“I think Charter change will not happen. It would more likely be only amendments to the Constitution…What would happen is that only the important provisions would be tackled,” he said. 

He stressed that constituent assembly, with Congress voting separately, should be the form to change the Constitution.

Alvarez earlier said Congress may decide to convene into a constituent assembly this month to pave the way for the establishment of a federal form of government.

He said the proposed new federal charter may be submitted for a referendum simultaneously with the Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections this May.

Sotto estimates that if there are no big revisions to the Constitution, the constituent assembly may finish making proposals in May this year.
 
CONCON PUSH

Rep. Jose Atienza, Jr. (PL, Buhay) called for the election of delegates to a constitutional convention simultaneously with the 2019 midterm elections, saying the House leadership should give up its plan to convene into a constituent assembly with senators.

“Congress should waste no time in calling for a constitutional convention now, and forget about simply mustering itself into a constituent assembly to propose changes to the charter,” Atienza said in a statement.

Atienza said President Duterte, himself, was for con-con when he was still a candidate in 2016 and immediately after he was elected into office.

“In fact, congressional records will show that owing to the President’s early pronouncements favoring a constitutional convention, many of us in the House and in the Senate scrambled in July 2016 to file bills and resolutions calling for a constitutional convention (to amend the Constitution),” Atienza said.

The administration gave up the proposed election of delegates to a constitutional convention in favor of convening Congress into a con-ass because a con-con will require a huge budget of P6 billion to P7 billion, on top of the budget for the salaries and office maintenance.  – With Wendell Vigilia
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