September 24, 2017, 11:02 am
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07205 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19737 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03473 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.33883 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02472 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03508 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03924 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.60624 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03223 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0074 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.03414 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02647 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13537 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06149 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.26104 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20051 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 392.78006 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03919 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02419 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01905 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 12.25231 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12921 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 57.14342 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.22072 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.81263 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.42857 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.49225 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12231 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.92211 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.19774 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25715 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34589 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45831 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01644 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03953 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01454 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01447 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08679 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.87895 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 174.63213 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14311 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 3.97705 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15314 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.45756 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.12286 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.19973 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.08986 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 260.48656 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0688 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.27132 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 22.89582 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 658.62271 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10712 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.56229 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01388 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.20489 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.02178 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.3433 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 79.4585 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 8.05435 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 17.65745 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.18972 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00592 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01609 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.67785 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 162.84088 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 29.53698 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 2.99588 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 2.29351 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26015 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05981 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01217 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02654 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.18329 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34501 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.00647 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 26.68236 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.14597 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15773 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.0826 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.65097 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.30135 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.05376 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.34969 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08232 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.92564 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.58623 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15332 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.01197 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02683 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00755 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06369 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06268 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.06494 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07028 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.25171 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07269 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0755 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13354 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.2576 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07357 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15204 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2669 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13067 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15655 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02649 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01455 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.43567 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 147.14538 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 10.928 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 402.77613 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17167 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.10359 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2598 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.64921 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04791 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0432 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06876 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13239 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59217 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 43.90818 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.51422 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 70.57092 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01962 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56582 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 158.34804 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19569 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 445.73278 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0155 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04907 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 10.773 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05297 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 10.75142 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 1.95017 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 4.90386 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.25991 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 101.81479 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.10025 Zimbabwe dollar

Taxation in Asean

ECONOMIES in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations need not have uniform tax rates in order to benefit from  integration under the Asean Economic Community (AEC), the country’s chief economist said.

To fully enjoy the benefits of the integration, Asean countries should be competitive in infrastructure, wages, labor efficiency, management efficiency, and costs of production, including taxes, said Gil Beltran, undersecretary of the Department of Finance (DOF) chief economist.

“You don’t need to zero out your taxes to be competitive. There are other production costs aside from taxes,” Beltran  said in an e-mail interview.

Instead, Beltran said,  governments have  to harmonize rules on taxation to avoid friction and overlaps. 

“Cross-border transactions need to be defined clearly and a streamlined process needs to be put in place to ensure that there will be no leakages and overlaps,” Beltran said.

“The costs of complying with tax obligations have to be kept low enough so that the benefits of integration are not eroded,” he added.

Beltran said  with the AEC, which is set to begin at the end of 2015, opportunities for consumers and investors will broaden. 

The envisioned AEC rests on four main pillars: the establishment of a single market and production base; greater competition within the region; equitable development for all; and enhanced integration into the global economy.

“The market will be bigger in size and growth (would be) much faster. There will be more competition but success in the competitive process will be rewarded,” Beltran said.

“It will take some time before the full effect will be felt because there are lags in responses but eventually, the effect will seep in,” he added.

Beltran, however, said  there are several bottlenecks that need to be addressed with the integration of Asean economies.

These are the lack of infrastructure, information, legal constraints, and differences in language and culture. 

“Investors and consumers will need to understand the market fully before they can fully take advantage of opportunities created by integration,” Beltran said.

Finance Secretary Cesar Purisima previously said that in light of efforts to accelerate Asean integration and to boost Philippine competitiveness, the DOF is open  to a change in the tax system, particularly in the income tax structure.

“Lowering income tax rates will attract even more foreign investors into the country but will be detrimental to our fiscal health if they are not offset by revenue-generating measures,” Purisima  said.

“Hence, we remain resolute in our stand that any tax reform pursued must be holistic, revenue-neutral, and equitable so all Filipinos may continue to benefit from a robust fiscal position. This is the mindset that we possess as we engage in discussions with legislators concerning tax reform,” he added.

Purisima said  in light of the upcoming Asean  integration, there is broad agreement on the need for international cooperation and multilateral instruments as strategies to boost tax administration and compliance. 

The Philippines has among the highest effective tax rates in Asean. But tax effort --- tax revenue to GDP ratio – is lower than those of its regional peers, at 13.7 percent in 2013.

“Tax systems must raise revenues to benefit the areas and communities where businesses operate and profit from,” Beltran said.

“Tax policy must therefore not only be simple, progressive, and equitable, it must consider environmental and social justice as key priorities as well,” he added.

For her part, Bureau of Internal Revenue Commissioner Kim Henares said  living in an increasingly globalized world requires governments to adapt and update tax policy and enforcement strategies. 

“International cooperation is key if we want to raise sustainable amounts of revenues to continue funding growth and investments to our people and country,” Henares  said in an earlier interview.

Meanwhile, National Economic and Development Authority director general Arsenio Balisacan earlier said  reforming the tax system and raising tax efforts to levels at par with regional peers is also crucial in sustaining fast-paced growth. 

“Some areas that need further institutional reform include: improving the tax effort among the self-employed and corporations; curbing smuggling; improving the current mining fiscal regime; and rationalizing fiscal incentive,” Balisacan said.

The NEDA chief said  Asean has come a long way to realizing goals especially in the past decade. 

“AEC is all about deeper economic integration with our regional neighbors, in view of even deeper integration for the Borderless Asean Community by 2030,” Balisacan said.

“As early as January 2010, more than 99 percent of tariff lines between Asean-6 Member Countries have been brought down to zero in line with the goals of the Asean Free Trade Area or AFTA. Efforts are underway to hasten the elimination of non-tariff barriers,” he added.

The NEDA chief also noted  that the Asean has forged free trade agreements with key global players, namely China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand, to bolster the region’s position in the international stage.

“While several reforms have been instituted in the Philippines putting it in a favorable position to benefit from AEC, many developmental constraints still need to be addressed to maximize our gains from AEC, especially in opening up investments, accelerating infrastructure development, and generating high-quality jobs,” Balisacan said.

The NEDA chief said that while low-hanging fruits are within reach, some policy reforms are “much easier said than done.” 

“In truth, many of these crucial reforms should have been done decades ago, but the AEC 2015 is a welcome deadline highlighting their importance and adding pressure to their urgency,” Balisacan said.
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