May 23, 2017, 2:59 pm
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1 Philippine Peso = 0.07381 UAE Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 2.39851 Albanian Lek
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03597 Neth Antilles Guilder
1 Philippine Peso = 0.32504 Argentine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02683 Australian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03597 Aruba Florin
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04019 Barbados Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.61957 Bangladesh Taka
1 Philippine Peso = 0.03496 Bulgarian Lev
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00756 Bahraini Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 34.20217 Burundi Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Bermuda Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02784 Brunei Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13867 Bolivian Boliviano
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06563 Brazilian Real
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Bahamian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 1.30125 Bhutan Ngultrum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20751 Botswana Pula
1 Philippine Peso = 402.33121 Belarus Ruble
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04015 Belize Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0271 Canadian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01953 Swiss Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 13.47267 Chilean Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13847 Chinese Yuan
1 Philippine Peso = 58.35812 Colombian Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 11.51125 Costa Rica Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Cuban Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 1.96925 Cape Verde Escudo
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47339 Czech Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 3.57074 Djibouti Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13296 Danish Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 0.94574 Dominican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.17205 Algerian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.27938 Estonian Kroon
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36314 Egyptian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.46021 Ethiopian Birr
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01786 Euro
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0421 Fiji Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01545 Falkland Islands Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01546 British Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08669 Ghanaian Cedi
1 Philippine Peso = 0.90334 Gambian Dalasi
1 Philippine Peso = 181.20981 Guinea Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.14748 Guatemala Quetzal
1 Philippine Peso = 4.11013 Guyana Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15644 Hong Kong Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.47082 Honduras Lempira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13208 Croatian Kuna
1 Philippine Peso = 1.33903 Haiti Gourde
1 Philippine Peso = 5.50744 Hungarian Forint
1 Philippine Peso = 267.16239 Indonesian Rupiah
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0719 Israeli Shekel
1 Philippine Peso = 1.29803 Indian Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 23.73392 Iraqi Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 651.98958 Iran Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 2.0008 Iceland Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 2.60008 Jamaican Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01424 Jordanian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 2.23286 Japanese Yen
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07094 Kenyan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 1.36441 Kyrgyzstan Som
1 Philippine Peso = 81.2902 Cambodia Riel
1 Philippine Peso = 9.04341 Comoros Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 18.08682 North Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 22.44775 Korean Won
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00609 Kuwaiti Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01648 Cayman Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.24598 Kazakhstan Tenge
1 Philippine Peso = 164.32878 Lao Kip
1 Philippine Peso = 30.27532 Lebanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 3.06873 Sri Lanka Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 1.84887 Liberian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26588 Lesotho Loti
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06127 Lithuanian Lita
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01247 Latvian Lat
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02803 Libyan Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.19542 Moroccan Dirham
1 Philippine Peso = 0.36586 Moldovan Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.09586 Macedonian Denar
1 Philippine Peso = 27.49196 Myanmar Kyat
1 Philippine Peso = 48.43248 Mongolian Tugrik
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16115 Macau Pataca
1 Philippine Peso = 7.19453 Mauritania Ougulya
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69695 Mauritius Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.3115 Maldives Rufiyaa
1 Philippine Peso = 14.4168 Malawi Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 0.37541 Mexican Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 0.08626 Malaysian Ringgit
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26598 Namibian Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 6.33039 Nigerian Naira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.59385 Nicaragua Cordoba
1 Philippine Peso = 0.16751 Norwegian Krone
1 Philippine Peso = 2.07195 Nepalese Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02866 New Zealand Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.00773 Omani Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 Panama Balboa
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06572 Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 Philippine Peso = 0.06587 Papua New Guinea Kina
1 Philippine Peso = 1 Philippine Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 2.10309 Pakistani Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07495 Polish Zloty
1 Philippine Peso = 111.9996 Paraguayan Guarani
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07317 Qatar Rial
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0813 Romanian New Leu
1 Philippine Peso = 1.13651 Russian Rouble
1 Philippine Peso = 16.46403 Rwanda Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 0.07535 Saudi Arabian Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.15881 Solomon Islands Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26967 Seychelles Rupee
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13384 Sudanese Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17452 Swedish Krona
1 Philippine Peso = 0.02785 Singapore Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.01546 St Helena Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.44626 Slovak Koruna
1 Philippine Peso = 149.31673 Sierra Leone Leone
1 Philippine Peso = 11.03296 Somali Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 437.5784 Sao Tome Dobra
1 Philippine Peso = 0.17528 El Salvador Colon
1 Philippine Peso = 10.34928 Syrian Pound
1 Philippine Peso = 0.26605 Swaziland Lilageni
1 Philippine Peso = 0.69031 Thai Baht
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04822 Tunisian Dinar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.04643 Tongan paʻanga
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0716 Turkish Lira
1 Philippine Peso = 0.13463 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.60344 Taiwan Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 44.81511 Tanzanian Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.52904 Ukraine Hryvnia
1 Philippine Peso = 72.62862 Ugandan Shilling
1 Philippine Peso = 0.0201 United States Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 0.56692 Uruguayan New Peso
1 Philippine Peso = 76.36656 Uzbekistan Sum
1 Philippine Peso = 0.20045 Venezuelan Bolivar
1 Philippine Peso = 454.6624 Vietnam Dong
1 Philippine Peso = 2.15394 Vanuatu Vatu
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05199 Samoa Tala
1 Philippine Peso = 11.70539 CFA Franc (BEAC)
1 Philippine Peso = 0.05426 East Caribbean Dollar
1 Philippine Peso = 11.75181 CFA Franc (BCEAO)
1 Philippine Peso = 2.11917 Pacific Franc
1 Philippine Peso = 5.02271 Yemen Riyal
1 Philippine Peso = 0.2661 South African Rand
1 Philippine Peso = 104.2906 Zambian Kwacha
1 Philippine Peso = 7.27291 Zimbabwe dollar

P145B lost due to static gas tax

The government is losing an estimated P145 billion in potential annual revenues, enough to fund two elevated railway systems or even the stalled Laguna Lakeshore expressway due to failure to increase excise tax on gasoline.

The amount is also equivalent to about one percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). 

The Department of Finance said that gasoline excise taxes have remained the same in the last two decades and diesel products have been tax-free for the past 12 years. 

Karl Kendrick Chua, DOF undersecretary, said the government is now proposing to correct these flaws in the country’s tax system by adjusting fuel excise taxes and later indexing them to inflation, along with the proposals to lower personal income tax (PIT) rates and provide direct cash transfers to vulnerable sectors to offset the impact of the higher tax rates. 

At the same time, Chua said DOF is vigorously pursuing tax administration reforms at the Bureaus of Internal Revenue and of Customs to help raise sufficient funds primarily for the infrastructure buildup under the Duterte administration.

“But tax administration reforms are not enough to raise adequate funds to bankroll the Duterte administration’s agenda of high and inclusive growth, given the inherent flaws in the country’s tax system that require urgent correction, such as the non-indexation of tax rates to inflation,” Chua said.

He noted, for instance, the current gasoline excise tax rates have not changed for the last 20 years while diesel has been tax exempt for the last 12 years. 

Specifically, diesel and other products such as processed gas, denatured alcohol used for motive power, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, asphalts and bunker fuel oil are presently exempted from excise tax rate.

Regular gasoline and other products such as lubricating oils and greases, waxes and petrolatum, naphtha, leaded and unleaded premium gasoline, and aviation turbo jet fuel are imposed tax rates as high as P4.35 per liter.

“These rates, which have not been corrected to account for inflation, have led to a massive foregone revenue loss of about P145 billion (in 2016 prices), which represents over one percent of the GDP,” Chua said.

“Our proposal to adjust the fuel excise tax to around P6 per liter merely updates the rates to current levels as this represents the cumulative inflation since 1997,” he added.

Chua said even with the adjustments, the retail prices of gasoline and diesel will still be much lower than the rates during the oil price shocks of 2011 and 2012, as global oil prices are down and expected to remain low in the few years ahead.

Chua noted the taxpayers will also get a relief from the impact of the fuel excise adjustments because of the lower PIT rates the DOF is proposing under its Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP), which will more than offset the slightly higher transport, food and commuting costs.

For vulnerable sectors and low-income groups, Chua said DOF alsoproposed under the CTRP a targeted cash transfer program for the poorest 50 percent of households which includes cash transfer, the reintroduction of the PantawidPasada program that will provide fuel price discounts to public utility vehicles and a jeep modernization program to improve the engine efficiency of these vehicles.

“These proposed initiatives will cushion the impact of higher fuel excises on transportation, commuting and food costs for the poorest 50 percent,” Chua said.  

“With higher revenues from the oil excise tax reform, we can fund the massive public infrastructure program that is needed to reduce traffic congestion, improve connectivity and raise the economic productivity of Filipinos, especially those living in the countryside,” he added.

The DOF also said that the P145 billion can fully finance several PPP projects like, 1. LRT Line 1 Cavite Extension (P65 billion) , Cavite-Laguna Expressway (P35.43 billion)

And  NLEX-SLEX Connector Road (P23.2 billion). 

Chua said proceeds of the reform package will fund  the government’s big-ticket infrastructure projects 

Diokno said, though, that this unprecedented infrastructure spending can happen only if the government were to raise a lot more revenues to ensure the financial viability of such an ambitious program.

“This can only be done by implementing broad and deep reforms in tax policy and administration through the enactment of the Department of Finance (DOF)-proposed Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) now pending in the Congress,” Diokno noted. 

Dominguez said tax reform is needed so that the government can invest P1 trillion more each year on top of the current P1.3 trillion it invests in the domestic economy. Of the additional P1 trillion, he said P402 billion will be invested in education, P138 billion in health, P147 billion in social protection for the poorest of the poor, P194 billion in urban infrastructure and P188 billion in rural infrastructure.”
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